White Patches on the Skin? It Can Be Vitiligo

We all love flawless skin and make all efforts to get that. There is no one in this world who would like to have patchy or flawed skin. Yet, there are instances when many of us experience white patches on our skin. white patches on the skin can occur for a variety of reasons such as hyperpigmentation, vitiligo or other conditions. Treatment of white patches largely depends on the condition, but it mostly occurs due to pigmentation loss in the skin. Pigmentation cells or Melanin are the components that give colour to our skin. absence of these cells makes our skin discoloured. To understand the complete phenomenon of skin pigmentation.

What is skin pigmentation?

Pigments in our skin are called melanin, which is a complex polymer derived from the amino acid tyrosine. These cells are distributed throughout the epidermis, the top layer of the skin. Melanin are produced and spread to other skin cells which gives an even colour to our skin. Now, there are instances when these cells accumulate or cluster in groups which form moles, age spots, freckles or other dark spots. on the other hands, if in any place, the pigments cells get destroyed, it forms white patches on the skin. Such conditions are called hypopigmentation and require white patches on skin treatment to eliminate the spots.

What causes the white patches on the skin?

Loss of pigmentation causes major concern for skin and leaves white patches. These uneven patches are hard to eliminate as getting the lost pigments back is quite impossible. However, there are a number of treatments of white patches available that makes the journey easy. To get the correct treatment, it is important to understand and identify the right cause behind pigmentation loss.

What are the conditions that require treatment of white patches?

Tinea Versicolor:

The first one to name under this category is Tinea Versicolor which causes white patches on the skin. This condition occurs when a natural yeast called pityrosporum ovale overgrows of the skin and goes out of control. The patches appear can be lighter or darker which vary persons to persons.
The condition also may occur due to a variety of influencing factors such as hot weather, oily skin, hormonal changes, a weakened immune system, and excessive sweating. In most cases, people going through adolescence and growing young experience this disorder while visiting a warm or humid place. Such white patches on skin treatment are often done with anti-fungal medications which work brilliantly to eliminate the white patches.

Hypopigmentation:

Hypopigmentation is another condition which causes white spots on the skin. It may occur due to trauma, burns, scrapes, blisters, or other injuries which leaves scars on the skin and exhaust the melanin. There are instances when white patches on the skin happen due to inflammatory skin reaction or skin infection which affects or damages the melanin production. Such condition can be Seborrheic dermatitis, pityriasis alba, or eczema etc. Hypopigmentation white patches on skin treatment include creams, topical medications and laser treatments. Although this is a harmless condition, but treatments are required and sometimes treatment can be difficult too. But a good dermatologist prescribed treatment of white patches helps eliminate these white patches on the skin.

Vitiligo:

The major concern raises when the white patches om skin occurs due to vitiligo. This is not a contagious condition, but it is hard to eliminate the white spots with the treatment of white patches. The first sign of this condition always starts with small patches on the skin which gradually spreads through. These patches are most likely to appear first in the sun-exposed areas such as face, neck, shoulder, hands & feet. Although these patches are not contagious, they run through the gene.
The amount of damage caused by this condition is hard for any patient including the treatment of white patches. The amount of psychological damage is higher than physical damage and patients often choose a life with less social contacts. The society always raises eyebrows towards these patients mainly because of the damaged skin appearance and thinks it is contagious. For vitiligo patient, the white patches leave marks on their soul! It hugely affects patient’s way to look at themselves. Unfortunately, the condition has no cure but with the treatment of white patches, the widespread can be controlled.
Vitiligo is an immune system disorder that causes the skin to lose pigments. Basically, the immune cells attack and destroy these pigment cells for unknown reasons. Surprisingly, 4% of the world’s population has this condition. Vitiligo people are also more prone to other immune diseases. Vitiligo white patches on skin treatment include creams, topical medications and laser treatments. People mostly get these white patches between the ages of 10 and 30 but they may occur at later age too.
The Vitiligo white patches on skin treatment include:

• Topical treatment
• Cosmetic camouflage
• Ultraviolet light therapy
• Immune system modulators
• Conventional skin grafts
• Cellular transplantation therapies

Dermatologists apply the suitable treatment of white patches after a thorough understanding of the cause of vitiligo for the individual. Thus, the treatment varies from patient to patient. Sometimes. the condition is dynamic, where the pigment cells go & come back. The most sought-after treatment for vitiligo is laser therapy. Laser treatment of white patches stimulates the melanocyte stem cells to move from hairs to the skin. Over the years, it has shown a high success rate, but the treatment is quite slow. With two or three times a week session, people may see 25% re-pigmentation after three months, 50% after six months and 75% after nine months.
White patches on skin treatment may take time to eliminate the white patches on the skin but ultimately help the patients to leave a normal life.

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