Patch Testing: The Answer To Making Sure You Don’t Get Any Allergic Reactions!

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‘Patch test’ is the only way to find out how your skin will react to certain products even if you had no allergic reaction with it in the past. It adds an extra layer of security to your skin treatment and it’s essential to have one. The most common sensitizers are hair dyes, sunscreens and topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

When do you need a patch test?

  • If you suspect or have contact allergy
  • Before skin treatment
  • Before trying new hair dye
  • Before trying new skin product

How you can do a patch test?

  1. Wear the patches either on your back or arms; take a few patches.
  2. During the patch test, make sure the patches must not get wet at all.
  3. The patches may expose to a number of substances that can cause contact dermatitis.
  4. It does not involve any needles and only potential allergens are applied on the patches.
  5. After 48 hrs you can remove the patches and the irritated skin at any patch site may indicates allergy.

What is Photo-patch tests?

An advanced patch tests done by dermatologist in the clinic when they suspect contact allergy in the skin to certain substance. This test is done with UV light after the patches are removed by exposing the skin to a small dose of long wave ultraviolet light (UVA). The dose of UVA used is way smaller than UVA required to cause sunburn.

Minimal erythemal dose (MED) testing: a small area of the back skin is exposed to a series of incremental doses of UV radiation. Some groups describe performing MED’s for UVB alone, UVA alone, both UVA and UVB.

Vitiligo Laser Treatment: Why One Should Go for It

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Vitiligo, an autoimmune condition specifically marked by the white patches that appears on the skin. The reason behind this condition is still unknown but vitiligo treatment clinic describes that autoimmune cells suddenly starts killing the healthy pigment cells which results into vitiligo patches. Though vitiligo laser treatment has come as a bliss for many, yet the white patches makes life harder for the patients. It can happen with both children and adults and even can be congenital problem too. skin gets the color from melanin cells and losing them means skin loses color. More pigment cells mean darker skin tone and less pigment cells means lighter skin tone while no pigment in certain areas means uneven skin tone. Losing pigment at certain spots in an uneven manner means vitiligo spots arises. The vitiligo treatment clinic offers best technology such as vitiligo laser treatment which helps to treat the spots.

Around 2% of the world population is estimated to fighting with vitiligo and found in both adults and children. Even, gender is not an aspect to get this condition and one can get the starting sign at any age. Although, it tends to appear between 20-30 years age but not stays limited to that. People over these ages can also get this condition. People with family history of vitiligo are more likely to get these patches. Even it has been seen that people with vitiligo often have some other autoimmune diseases too such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or type 1 diabetes. This is why, before giving vitiligo treatment in Delhi specialists check for symptoms related to these conditions.

Types of vitiligo:

Segmental Vitiligo – only 10% of the cases are found to be of this sort of vitiligo where patches appear only in certain areas of the body.

No segmental Vitiligo – most vitiligo patients get this type of vitiligo where patches appear all over the body even in the genital areas.

Vitiligo patches often appears on the sun exposed areas of the body such as face, neck and hands. The patches are always pale white and can be small or big. Vitiligo can be treated to slow the widespread and some treatment helps to get the melanin back into skin. However, there is no complete cure exists for vitiligo, but the discoloured skin can be restored back to normal color. Vitiligo laser treatment is one such treatment offered by vitiligo treatment clinic that helps restores the discoloured skin. In vitiligo laser treatment, UV or PUVA or low bandwidth UVB lasers are used to eliminate the patches.

Vitiligo Laser Treatment

At various vitiligo treatment clinic, they offer best treatment to manage the spots and affected patchy and discoloured skin. Vitiligo laser treatment can be used in two ways. In case of smaller patches, or if the patient has few patches over the body only then the laser rays are thrown on that specific area where the skin need to go under regimentation process. But in most of the cases, the patches are widespread, and, in that case, the patient are made to enter in a light chamber and the whole body gets throw the laser beam. Light chamber vitiligo laser treatment process involves laser imposition on the whole body to give a re-pigmentation treatment.

De-pigmentation, in certain vitiligo treatment clinic in Delhi, offer treatment under supervision of best doctors who are best skilled at treating the vitiligo spots. The treatment involves fading the surrounding skin on the body, or face, to match with the white patches or white spots. Depigmentation therapy is the best treatment option for white spots disease if vitiligo or white spots disease on more than 50 percent of a patient’s body.

In this procedure, the monobenzone drug is applied twice a day to the pigmentation areas of the skin, including face, hands and feet, until they match the areas without pigmentation. Some patients, who are resistant to depigmentation with clinic drug monobenzone will need Q Switch NDYAG Laser, available in approved clinics, skin centers or hospitals, to destroy the cells with pigmentation caused by vitiligo giving patients the best possible results by doctors in Delhi.

Sometimes vitiligo treatment clinic prescribe treatment which is a combination of an ointment with the vitiligo laser treatment. For few cases, such treatment is required which is decided by the surgeons. Patients may need several sessions for the laser therapy and may require to be reaped twice in a week to receive the best results.

Cost of Vitiligo Laser Treatment

Many people give a wonder eyes when they hear about vitiligo laser treatment. People think that it is a costly treatment but nowadays many vitiligo treatment clinics offer an affordable treatment. They design a treatment package for vitiligo laser treatment that are quite affordable for the common man, they understand that people might need to go for several sessions and thus tailoring the prices will help them retain maximum number of patients.

White Patches of Vitiligo: Cause, Symptoms & Treatment

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Vitiligo is an autoimmune condition which causes white patches on the skin. In this condition, the melanocyte cells start dying for unknown reasons and melanocytes are the cells responsible for giving colour to our skin. the immune cells of our body start to kill the melanocytes cells and triggers white patches of vitiligo. It is a sheer truth that immune cells play a vital role in our skin health. White spots on skin treatment may help to reduce the widespread but cannot cure the condition completely.

White patches of vitiligo types:

  • Non-segmental vitiligo: The most common type where patients get white patches on both sides of the body.Segmental vitiligo: In this, the patients experience white patches of vitiligo mainly in one area or segment of the body. Such type vitiligo cases are very rare and only 10% of the patient experience it.

The confusing thing with this condition is it is hard to predict how long and to what extent the white patches of vitiligo will be spread. Vitiligo can start at any age but typically it shows first signs by the age of 30s as said by many white patches on skin treatment hospitals. The reasons why immune cells start attacking the melanocytes is still unknown but genetical & environmental triggers are there. It has been seen that people with a family history of vitiligo are more likely to get this condition.

Triggers of Vitiligo:

However, there are a number of factors that put people at an increased risk of developing white patches of vitiligo:

  • Genetics: As per many white patches on skin treatment hospitals, certain genetic profiles trigger the white patches of vitiligo to appear. Researchers have identified around 30 genes that are responsible for vitiligo and the most important ones are NLRP1 and PTPN22. Around 20% of vitiligo patients are the one with the family history of this condition.
  • Environmental triggers: There are environmental triggers that escalate white patches of vitiligo. Environmental triggers induce melanocytes destruction which causes the white spots to appear. Some of the potential triggers include sunlight, chemical exposure, and trauma etc. These triggers even speed up the widespread in patients being diagnosed with white patches of vitiligo.

Autoimmune diseases: People with certain autoimmune diseases such as Hashimoto’s disease or alopecia areata are more prone to experience white patches of vitiligo. Among every 4 vitiligo patients, 1 always has some other autoimmune disease.

Signs and symptoms of Vitiligo

The biggest sign of vitiligo is the appearance of white patches on the skin. The white patches of vitiligo can show up anywhere in the body but usually first appear in the sun-exposed areas such as the face, hands, neck, feet etc. The spots can even appear in armpits, genitals and groin area.

Symptoms of vitiligo also include:

  • Premature greying of hairs
  • Eyelashes or eyebrows turning white
  • The retina of the eye changes colour
  • white patches in the inner mouth

Depending on the area where the white spots of vitiligo appear, specialists diagnose the widespread of the condition. Progress of this condition and widespread area of the marks varies from person to person. People who get white patches of vitiligo on both sides of the bodies are categorized as generalized vitiligo. Most people tend to get the white patches of vitiligo in only one side of the body.

Vitiligo makes skin more sensitive to sunlight. The white patches of vitiligo are the area with no melanin which stores the dangerous UV rays that cause various other skin conditions. People with vitiligo also may experience hearing issues or inflammation in the iris.

Moreover, rather than physical stress, white patches of vitiligo causes more mental stress. The way society looks and behaves with vitiligo patients, it often leads them to depression. If the white patches of vitiligo cannot be covered under the clothes, then it becomes a real struggle for the patients. They struggle with self-confidence & esteem and prefers to stay isolated from the society.

Vitiligo Diagnosis and Treatment

Not all white patches are vitiligo, they can happen due to other conditions as well. So, it is always good to see a dermatologist for proper diagnosis & treatment. To carry a proper diagnosis, the dermatologist may ask a few questions such as:

  • If you have ever been diagnosed with an autoimmune disease
  • If you have a family history of vitiligo
  • If you have experienced any skin condition recently.

All of these factors indicate the presence of vitiligo. Most of the time, the dermatologist identifies vitiligo by white patches on the skin and referring the given answers for the above questions. They also might use UV rays to identify the pigment loss.

Unfortunately, there is no cure available for white spots of vitiligo but there are several white spots on skin treatment exists which helps to lighten the spots. The treatment options include:

  • Cosmetic makeup and self-tanners to cover up the spots
  • Corticosteroid creams and tacrolimus ointments
  • Laser therapy
  • Pigmentation therapy
  • Skin grafting, blister grafting

These white spots on skin treatment may show few side-effects such as scar or dryness or itchiness but also promises good results.

White Patches on the Skin? It Can Be Vitiligo

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We all love flawless skin and make all efforts to get that. There is no one in this world who would like to have patchy or flawed skin. Yet, there are instances when many of us experience white patches on our skin. white patches on the skin can occur for a variety of reasons such as hyperpigmentation, vitiligo or other conditions. Treatment of white patches largely depends on the condition, but it mostly occurs due to pigmentation loss in the skin. Pigmentation cells or Melanin are the components that give colour to our skin. absence of these cells makes our skin discoloured. To understand the complete phenomenon of skin pigmentation.

What is skin pigmentation?

Pigments in our skin are called melanin, which is a complex polymer derived from the amino acid tyrosine. These cells are distributed throughout the epidermis, the top layer of the skin. Melanin are produced and spread to other skin cells which gives an even colour to our skin. Now, there are instances when these cells accumulate or cluster in groups which form moles, age spots, freckles or other dark spots. on the other hands, if in any place, the pigments cells get destroyed, it forms white patches on the skin. Such conditions are called hypopigmentation and require white patches on skin treatment to eliminate the spots.

What causes the white patches on the skin?

Loss of pigmentation causes major concern for skin and leaves white patches. These uneven patches are hard to eliminate as getting the lost pigments back is quite impossible. However, there are a number of treatments of white patches available that makes the journey easy. To get the correct treatment, it is important to understand and identify the right cause behind pigmentation loss.

What are the conditions that require treatment of white patches?

Tinea Versicolor:

The first one to name under this category is Tinea Versicolor which causes white patches on the skin. This condition occurs when a natural yeast called pityrosporum ovale overgrows of the skin and goes out of control. The patches appear can be lighter or darker which vary persons to persons.
The condition also may occur due to a variety of influencing factors such as hot weather, oily skin, hormonal changes, a weakened immune system, and excessive sweating. In most cases, people going through adolescence and growing young experience this disorder while visiting a warm or humid place. Such white patches on skin treatment are often done with anti-fungal medications which work brilliantly to eliminate the white patches.

Hypopigmentation:

Hypopigmentation is another condition which causes white spots on the skin. It may occur due to trauma, burns, scrapes, blisters, or other injuries which leaves scars on the skin and exhaust the melanin. There are instances when white patches on the skin happen due to inflammatory skin reaction or skin infection which affects or damages the melanin production. Such condition can be Seborrheic dermatitis, pityriasis alba, or eczema etc. Hypopigmentation white patches on skin treatment include creams, topical medications and laser treatments. Although this is a harmless condition, but treatments are required and sometimes treatment can be difficult too. But a good dermatologist prescribed treatment of white patches helps eliminate these white patches on the skin.

Vitiligo:

The major concern raises when the white patches om skin occurs due to vitiligo. This is not a contagious condition, but it is hard to eliminate the white spots with the treatment of white patches. The first sign of this condition always starts with small patches on the skin which gradually spreads through. These patches are most likely to appear first in the sun-exposed areas such as face, neck, shoulder, hands & feet. Although these patches are not contagious, they run through the gene.
The amount of damage caused by this condition is hard for any patient including the treatment of white patches. The amount of psychological damage is higher than physical damage and patients often choose a life with less social contacts. The society always raises eyebrows towards these patients mainly because of the damaged skin appearance and thinks it is contagious. For vitiligo patient, the white patches leave marks on their soul! It hugely affects patient’s way to look at themselves. Unfortunately, the condition has no cure but with the treatment of white patches, the widespread can be controlled.
Vitiligo is an immune system disorder that causes the skin to lose pigments. Basically, the immune cells attack and destroy these pigment cells for unknown reasons. Surprisingly, 4% of the world’s population has this condition. Vitiligo people are also more prone to other immune diseases. Vitiligo white patches on skin treatment include creams, topical medications and laser treatments. People mostly get these white patches between the ages of 10 and 30 but they may occur at later age too.
The Vitiligo white patches on skin treatment include:

• Topical treatment
• Cosmetic camouflage
• Ultraviolet light therapy
• Immune system modulators
• Conventional skin grafts
• Cellular transplantation therapies

Dermatologists apply the suitable treatment of white patches after a thorough understanding of the cause of vitiligo for the individual. Thus, the treatment varies from patient to patient. Sometimes. the condition is dynamic, where the pigment cells go & come back. The most sought-after treatment for vitiligo is laser therapy. Laser treatment of white patches stimulates the melanocyte stem cells to move from hairs to the skin. Over the years, it has shown a high success rate, but the treatment is quite slow. With two or three times a week session, people may see 25% re-pigmentation after three months, 50% after six months and 75% after nine months.
White patches on skin treatment may take time to eliminate the white patches on the skin but ultimately help the patients to leave a normal life.

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