Look For These 5 Common Signs Of Vitiligo

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There are a lot of diseases in the world that are still mysterious to doctors and scientists. One such skin disease is Vitiligo. Although we know the effects and possible treatments for vitiligo, scientists are yet to identify the exact cause of vitiligo among patients.

However, it is very important to identify vitiligo in its earliest stage to get a more effective treatment and stop it from spreading. In this blog, we are going to share five common signs of vitiligo which if you identify, should immediately consult a dermatologist.

Vitiligo affects 0.5% to 2% of people globally and hence it is a very rare condition. Just like any disease, there are few signs that the body shows in the initial stage of vitiligo.

5 Common Signs Of Vitiligo

Below mentioned is the list of five summing signs of vitiligo.

1. Change In The Color Of Eyes

Most of us know might not know but the color of our eyes comes from the pigmentation cells that are present in the iris and retina. In a Vitligo patient, these pigmentation cells in the eyes die or stop producing melanin which causes the eyes to discolor. If you see any changes in the color of your eye, you must consult a doctor.

2. Patches Appearing On The Skin

One of the most common and visible signs of vitiligo is patches appearing on the skin of the person. These patches start appearing in the areas where the pigmentation cells are dying or have stopped producing melanin which gives skin the normal color. Check your complete body in front of the mirror to see if there are any visible patches. The patches would be easily visible on a person with a darker complexion compared to a fairer one as the patches generally look white.

These patches can appear anywhere in the body but it generally starts appearing on the skin that is generally exposed to the skin like hands, feet, face, and arms. When they first appear they look lighter than the rest of the skin color. Later they turn pink when the body’s immune system attacks healthy melanocytes. Finally the affected patch most of the time becomes completely white.

3. An Already Prevailing Disease

In a study done for a period of 10 years, It was found that around 20% of patients who had vitiligo had an already prevailing autoimmune disease.

Diseases like thyroid disease and alopecia are closely related to Vitiligo. Patients with thyroid disease have 15 times more possibility of getting vitiligo that other patients while patients suffering from alopecia had 31 times more possibility of getting vitiligo.

4. White Patches Appearing Insides Of The Mouth

Another common and important sign of vitiligo appears in the inside of the mouth. The tissue inside your mouth and nose which is called a mucus membrane starts losing color when a patient is suffering from Vitiligo. If you see any changes in color inside your mouth or nose, contact your doctor immediately.

5. Greying Of Hair

The easiest signs of  Vitiligo are visible on the hair. If a patient is suffering from Vitiligo then his/her hair on the scalp starts greying prematurely. It also affects eyelashes, eyebrows, and beards which starts turning grey rapidly.  If you seeing hair turning grey prematurely then it could be an early sign of Vitiligo. It is highly advised to consult a doctor as soon as possible.

To conclude, Vitiligo is a rare disease that can trigger at any point in time. Early detection is the best way to limit the impact of Vitiligo and hence do look out for the five signs mentioned above. If you have any other doubts regarding the disease or any visible signs that are appearing on your body you can call +919803-029-029 to get the most reliable checkup and treatment. You can also fill your details below and one of our representatives will get in touch with you.

Everything You Need to Know About Vitiligo: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, and More

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Vitiligo – Overview                                                                           

Vitiligo, also called ‘leucoderma’ is a type of skin condition in which the affected skin area loses its color. The skin area affected by vitiligo varies from person to person. It can even affect areas like eyes, hair, and even the interior of the mouth. The affected skin area will look white or pink in appearance.

This skin condition is completely unpredictable and in some patients, it could spread rapidly while in some it could be stable. The patch created by Vitiligo is photosensitive which means it is very sensitive to sunlight. Although vitiligo can start at any age, 95% of people who have vitiligo develop the condition before their 40th birthday.

Types of Vitiligo

There are different types of Vitiligo that vary in the way it affects the skin. Usually vitiligo manifests as multiple spots on the skin that are found on both sides of the body, most commonly in a symmetric pattern. So, if there is a spot on one side of the face, there is often a matching spot on the other side.

Vitiligo is generally categorized as below:

  • Generalized

Generalized (aka non-segmental vitiligo) is a type of Vitiligo in which the skin patch can appear anywhere on the body and there is no specific size or shape. This is the most common type of vitiligo and is also known as ‘universal’ or ‘complete’ vitiligo.

  • Segmental

Segmental type of vitiligo happens to as few as 10% of the affected population. This type spreads rapidly but is much more stable and predictable compared to non-segmental type. Segmental vitiligo is mostly found in young children (30% of children with vitiligo skin disease have a segmental type). The discoloration of the skin happens to the nerves arising in the dorsal roots of the spine.

  • Mucosal

As the name suggests, in this type of vitiligo, the skin of mucous membranes such as the lips, inner nose, or genital areas are affected with discoloration. If it involves the lips or other parts of the face plus the hands and/or feet, it’s called acrofacial vitiligo (“acral” means hands and feet). This is really common, since vitiligo most frequently affects the face and/or hands .

  • Focal

In this type, the skin patches either one or a few occur in a discrete area. This type of vitiligo often occurs in young children. These are the types in which the macules are in a small area and do not spread in a certain pattern within one to two years.

  • Trichome

In this type of vitiligo, the skin patch discolors at different intensity. Hence you get to see three distinct types of discolored patches in the patient. The color depends on the natural skin color of the patient.

  • Universal

This type of vitiligo is a very rare occurrence and happens to very few individuals. In this type, the entire skin of the patient depigments or discolors. Thus, if the vitiligo spreads almost every part of the body then it is Universal.

 

Vitiligo Symptoms

Being a skin disease, there are some symptoms that give you a clear indication that it is a Vitiligo. Understanding the symptom is very important as this would help the patient to take the early measures and medication in order to minimize the spread.

The main sign of vitiligo is pigment loss that produces milky-white patches (depigmentation) on your skin. Other common signs may include:

  • The skin area around hands, face, and other generally exposed body parts start having patchy loss of skin color.
  • The hair on the scalp, beard, eyebrows, and eyelashes start turning prematurely white or gray in color
  • The mucous membranes areas or interior part of nose and mouth particularly the tissue start losing color

Vitiligo Causes

Vitiligo is primarily caused when cells that produce pigmentation die or they stop producing melanin. Melanin is responsible for the natural color that our eyes, hair, and skin have. Because of this, certain discolored patches start appearing on the skin.

The exact reason for the cells to stop producing melanin or why do the cells die is not clear. It could be because of the following reasons:

  • Immune System Disorder

Many times the person immune system goes into autoimmune condition due to which the cells stop producing melanin thereby causing Vitiligo

  • Hereditary

It has been found that Vitiligo could be passed on to the next generation through genetics. Hence if your family member has Vitiligo, there is a chance that you might develop it as well. However the probability is just 5%, so 1 in every 20 first degree relatives of vitiligo patients can get the same skin disease.

  • Event Triggering Reaction

There are also chances of Vitiligo due to some triggering events. This could be skin exposure to extreme sunlight, Skin trauma and even due to contact with some chemicals

 

Who Gets Vitiligo?

The thing about Vitiligo is that it can happen to anyone and at any age. Even after extensive research, it is not clear who exactly get this skin disease.

But it has been observed that people with a family history of Vitiligo have a substantial chance of getting it. It can also happen to a person who has a certain autoimmune disease such as rheumatoid arthritis and type 1 diabetes.

 

Who Treats Vitiligo?

A dermatologist can usually diagnose Vitiligo after examining the skin and will look out for signs and symptoms related to other skin conditions like psoriasis, to rule them out. The doctor will look at every area of the skin to understand which type of vitiligo you have depending upon the location of the patch.

A dermatologist will also look for symptoms associated with other skin conditions, such as psoriasis, in order to rule them out.

 

Vitiligo Diagnosis & Treatment

The patient is first thoroughly diagnosed by the doctor before going forward with any treatment. The common diagnosis used for Vitiligo is first understanding the person’s medical history followed by an examination of the skin with the help of specialized light. A doctor can also opt for blood tests and skin biopsy if required. The treatment for vitiligo is entirely subject to the patient’s age, the area of skin that needs treatment. The growth and speed at which vitiligo is growing is also a factor that needs to be considered.

Now through medication and light-based surgeries, you can restore the skin color but that does not guarantee that it would stay like that forever. The patches could start appearing again, hence the doctors also recommend the application of medication in order to stabilize the treatment and avoid a relapse. A patient might have to try multiple treatments to get the desired result. The procedure could take months before understanding its effect. Below mentioned are some of the treatments available for vitiligo.

A) Therapies

There are three types of therapies that a patient can undergo

  1. Light Therapy

In this therapy, narrowband ultraviolet rays are used to stop or slow the progression of active vitiligo. This procedure can prove effective when combined with corticosteroids. A patient needs to undergo this procedure two to three times a week. The result will be visible only after a month or in some cases three months while 100% result will be visible after six months.

Patients undergoing light therapy have a risk of developing skin cancer, hence it is important to consult doctors before finalizing the procedure. There are also some side effects of redness, itching, and burning on the skin.

  1. Depigmentation Therapy

This treatment is the reverse of all other therapies. Here instead of restoring the color of the affected skin, the patches that are still having natural color are depigmented to match the color of the remaining skin. This procedure is useful for someone with widespread vitiligo and a very little area remaining unaffected.

The depigmentation is permanent and the side effects of this procedure include swelling, itching, dryness, and redness in the skin.

  1. Combination Of Light And Psoralen Therapy

In this treatment, the light UV ray therapy is combined with a plant-derived substance called psoralen to achieve a natural color. The substance is either taken by mouth or applied on the affected skin and later exposed to UV light rays. This treatment is quite effective but Is tedious to administer.

 

B) Medications

Only medication cannot stop the spread of vitiligo, but the combination of light therapy along with medication can help. The application of corticosteroids can help in restoring the original color of the skin. There are also calcineurin inhibitor ointments like tacrolimus or pimecrolimus that reduces the effect of the immune system and slow the growth of Vitiligo. Corticosteroid can cause skin thinning or appearance of streak while ointments could cause skin cancer.

 

C) Surgery

If medication and therapy are not working then the patient is advised to undergo surgery. There are three types of surgery offered for vitiligo patients

  • Blister Grafting

In this procedure, a blister is created on the healthy skin area with the use of suction. Later the blistered area is transferred to the discolored area. This procedure has a risk of scars on the skin or a cobblestone look.

  • Cellular suspension transplant

In this procedure, the doctor acquires tissue from the healthy skin and puts it in a solution and later transplants it on the discolored area. You can see the result of the surgery in four weeks.

  • Skin grafting

This procedure is used for patients with small vitiligo surface. The doctor takes small sections of healthy pigmented skin and transfers it to the affected area. The side effects include cobblestone look, spotty color, etc.

 

Vitiligo Treatment Risk & Complications

Just like any medical surgery or treatment, there are some risks and complications involved in vitiligo treatment. Below mentioned are some of the risks you need to be aware of.

  • The treatment could cause skin cancer in the future
  • The recovered skin area could go back to its previous form in some time
  • The skin color could look patchy and unnatural post the treatment
  • Redness, swelling, and permanent scars would appear of skin post-procedure
  • Come up with the just bullet points with single lines

Vitiligo Treatment Cost

The cost of vitiligo treatment varies from patient to patient. The primary factor that drives the cost is the amount of skin area that needs to be treated, greater the area, higher would be the cost of treatment. A consultation with the doctor would give a clear idea about the cost and time required for the treatment.

  • If required consult with the doc and understand this element how they charge, and if possible we can let users know the average cost directly from the expert.
  • Also, mention a subheading related to parameters based on cost may change

 

Vitiligo Prevention

If you take necessary precautions, the probability of vitiligo disease affecting your skin can be reduced to a large extent. However, doctors cannot predict whether a person will develop the condition based on their genetic makeup.

Below mentioned are some of the preventive measures that you can take

  • Consume green leafy vegetables, fruits like apple, banana can prevent vitiligo
  • Reducing the consumption of alcohol, red meat, fish and coffee can prevent the formation of white patches
  • Drinking a lot of water can keep the skin healthy and prevent any skin disease
  • Consumption of minerals like zinc, copper, iron in your food also helps
  • Consumption of food containing vitamin B, C, amino acids and folic acids can help in the prevention of white patches
  • Skin pigmentation can also trigger due to deep wounds on the skin which loses some color. So avoiding such injuries and making sure to take immediate medical assistance is important to prevent such triggers.

 

Vitiligo Diet

Diet could play an important role in building your body so strong that it would resist disease like vitiligo. Because one of the reasons a person can get vitiligo due to autoimmune disease hence a strong immune system can prevent depigmentation of any kind.

Below mentioned are foods and ingredients that need to be a part of your diet

  • You should consume fruits like fig, apricot, and ripe mango
  • When it comes to vegetables, you should include green leafy vegetables like spinach. Also, beetroot, cabbage, potato, red chili are a great addition of vegetables.
  • Dairy product can be consumed for some patients while for some it may not be advisable

 

Vitiligo Diet Restrictions

There are also some foods and beverages that are counterproductive and could in fact reduce the immune system making it susceptible to skin diseases like Vitiligo. Below mentioned is the list of food and beverages that should be avoided:

  • Carbonated sweet drinks, packaged fruit juices, coffee and alcohol
  • Vegetables like eggplant, tomato, green chili, onion and garlic
  • Animal meat like beef, pork, and fish
  • Spices like turmeric

 

Vitiligo FAQs

Below mentioned are some frequently asked questions that we have tried to answer in a simple and understandable way.

Is Vitiligo a contagious disease?

No. vitiligo is not contagious. It is a genetic disease that runs in a family and keeps passing on to future generations

What is an autoimmune disorder?

When your own immune system starts attacking your organs due to multiple conditions. In the case of vitiligo, the antibodies develop and start attacking melanin-producing cells thereby creating a white patch

What does Vitiligo look like?

It looks like white patches that appear on the skin. The whiteness could vary from person to person. Vitiligo often appears bilaterally I.e if one elbow has it then the other too would soon get it.

Do you have any other questions? Do you have a patch on your skin that needs medical assistance?

Call us at +919803029029 to get an appointment with our skin doctor who could conduct a detail examination and suggest you the best solution.

You can also fill in the form below and one of our representatives will get in touch with you.

Vitiligo Awareness Month: The World Belongs to Them Too!

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Creating a world of harmony for people with Vitiligo needs a lot of effort & understanding from us. This non-contagious skin condition associates a lot of taboo, stigma and myths which many of us believe without having an understanding of the condition. In Indian society, skin colour is no doubt a big factor for social acceptance and in such a place, people with uneven skin tone often find themselves left out. This often leads to low self-esteem, lack of confidence and even depression in some cases for Vitiligo patients. Life is a gift and how we perceive it, shapes our world. The uneven patches often carry a love-hate relationship with the society and so with the patient’s life.

The world celebrates “VITILIGO AWARENESS MONTH” in June. The awareness this society needs is to understand this condition & accept Vitiligo patients. Almost 1-2% of the world’s total population is affected by this condition. Our skin gets its colour from a naturally occurring pigment – melanin which is produced by melanocytes. Vitiligo or white patches occur when these melanocytes start dying due to unknown reasons. Vitiligo is often called a disease instead of a disorder and that can have a significantly negative social and/or psychological impact on patients, in part because of numerous misconceptions that are present in large parts of the world. People of any skin type can get affected by this condition, but the patches are more noticeable on dark-skinned people. The condition is not life threatening and can be managed with modern treatments and therapies. The first signs of Vitiligo usually appear before 30s. Unfortunately, Vitiligo has no cure but there are a lot of treatment that patients can go for.

Here are some tips given by Dr. Munish Paul to help Vitiligo patients.

  1. Sun exposure: Excessive exposure to the harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays can damage the skin, especially for a Vitiligo patient. Vitiligo skin is more vulnerable to get burned easily. Hence, Vitiligo patients are always recommended to avoid sunlight or use sunscreen while going out. Water-resistant sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or over are recommended which need to be reapplied every 2-3 hours. Protective clothing like sunglasses, covered clothing and hats are also recommended to avoid sun-exposure.
  2. People with Vitiligo always need to be extra careful with their skin. Skin trauma such as scrapes, cuts or burns may develop new patches and helps to widespread the condition. However, you may not stop accidents but do your best to avoid any kind of skin injury.
  3. Tattooing the patches is never a solution. Because tattoos are done by wounding the skin and causes trauma for the skin which may result in development of new patches within a few weeks.
  4. Like any health condition, Vitiligo can be best handled by leading a healthy lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle helps support the immune system. Eat a balanced, nutritional diet and work to reduce stress level. Stress leads to the occurrence of new Vitiligo patches and hence it is best to avoid it. Try meditation, yoga, etc., to minimise stress levels because mental health is an important factor for Vitiligo patients.
  5. Camouflage is the best way to cover the Vitiligo patches and always recommended for children too. Camouflage treatment helps to cover the Vitiligo patches with some concealing cream or makeup giving a unified skin tone. Such concealing creams stay on the skin for longer hours even days. Microskin is one such camouflage cream which stays on the skin for several days and also is water-resistant. This product is safe for children also.

Nowadays, with the advent of technology, Vitiligo has many treatment options like light therapy & surgical treatments. But it is always important to consult a certified dermatologist as soon as the first patch of Vitiligo appears. Early treatment Vitiligo helps to minimise the widespread.

Lastly, it is crucial for people with Vitiligo to not be undermined, discouraged or feel low and it is everyone’s responsibility to make an effort to understand the condition and create a discrimination-free world for them.

Dr. Paul’s Skin At Laser Centre, Vitiligo treatment is performed under the supervision of certified MD Dermatologists after an open discussion about the procedure, results, and possible effects of the treatment. Call today at 9803 029 029 to know more!

Vitiligo Treatment: Light Therapy & Surgery

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Vitiligo is a skin condition characterised by white milky uneven patches. These patches can be treated to even tone the skin. The choice of Vitiligo treatment depends on various factors such as patient’s age, percentage of widespread, the progression of the disease and how Vitiligo is affecting one’s life.

Light-based therapies are done to help restore the lost skin colour or to give a unified skin tone. Some people may also experience some side-effects and hence a skin specialist may recommend some self-tanning products before taking you through the treatment process.

Whatever the treatment process your skin specialist recommends, it will take a few weeks or even months to deliver the expected results. Also, be prepared to go for a combination of therapies where the doctor may prescribe more than one therapy to get the desired results through a best suitable treatment for your skin. Moreover, the doctor may prescribe some maintenance therapy to prevent relapse.

Light-based therapies

  • Phototherapy: Phototherapy performed with narrowband ultraviolet A (UVA) or ultraviolet B (UVB) has proven to stop or at least slow the disease progression. If used with corticosteroids inhibitors, the therapy works even more effectively. This therapy usually requires two-three sessions per week for two-three months to make a significant difference. Possible side effects of phototherapy include redness, itching or inflammation. However, these side effects usually go away within a few hours of the treatment.
  • Targeted Phototherapy: Also called as concentrated phototherapy, it is performed to delivers ultraviolet radiation on a targeted spot. This phototherapy is targeted on the skin lesion using special delivery mechanisms for treatment.
  • Depigmentation: This therapy is performed to remove the remaining pigment in Vitiligo affected person’s body. It is only recommended for patients with 50% or more widespread Vitiligo. To perform this therapy, the doctor will recommend applying depigmentation agent on the unaffected areas of the skin which will gradually lighten the skin tone to match with the Vitiligo affected areas. The therapy is usually given once or twice a week for a few months. It’s a permanent therapy and cannot be undone afterwards. This therapy does not cause any major side-effects. Minor side effects such as redness, itching, swelling or dryness may occur.

Surgical treatment for Vitiligo

Surgery is recommended when light therapy or other medications do not work to stabilise the condition. This treatment is also recommended for people with stable Vitiligo disease. Surgical techniques used to even out skin tone can be of different types.

  • Skin grafting: This procedure is performed by transferring very small segments of healthy, pigmented skin to the discoloured areas. This procedure is usually recommended for patients with small patches of Vitiligo.
  • Blister grafting: To perform this procedure, the doctor creates blister on the pigmented skin using suction and then transplants the blister tops on the discoloured patches.
  • Cellular suspension transplant: To perform this procedure, the doctor will take some tissue from the pigmented skin and will transfer them to a solution before transplanting them in the affected area. The results usually start showing up within four weeks from the procedure. These procedures may involve small risks of infection, scarring, spotty colour and failure to re-pigment the areas.

At Dr. Paul’s Skin Laser Centre, Vitiligo treatment is performed under the supervision of certified MD Dermatologists after an open discussion about the procedure, results, and possible effects of the treatment. Call today at 9803 029 029 to know more! 

Know Vitiligo: Symptoms & Treatment

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Vitiligo is a skin condition characterised by white patches on the skin. The patches can occur on any part of the body, even in the scalp and inner mouth. Our skin gets its colour from a naturally occurring pigment – melanin which is produced by melanocytes. Vitiligo or white patches occur when these melanocytes start dying due to unknown reasons. People of any skin type can get affected by this condition, but the patches are more noticeable on dark-skinned people. The first signs of Vitiligo usually appear before the 30s, but it can affect at any age.

Vitiligo is not a life-threatening condition, but it is stressful due to social stigma associated with it. Patients often struggle with low self esteem & confidence due to their uneven skin tone but treatment can help them gain their confidence back. Vitiligo treatment helps restore the skin colour of the affected area and unify the overall skin tone.

Symptoms

Signs & symptoms of Vitiligo include:

  • Loss of skin colour in patches. These patches usually first appear on the sun-exposed areas such as face, hands, shoulders & lips.
  • Loss of skin color in the lining tissues of inner mouth and nose.
  • Premature whitening or greying of the hair, eyelashes, eyebrows, beard and body hairs.

However, the signs of VVitiligo also depend on the type of Vitiligo one has such as:

  • Universal Vitiligo: Wwhen the loss of pigments occurs on nearly everywhere on the body.
  • Generalized Vitiligo: When patches occur in many parts of your body. It is the most common type of Vitiligo.
  • Segmental Vitiligo: When patches occur on only one side or part of the body. This type of Vitiligo usually occurs in children which progress for 1-2 years and then stops.
  • Localized (focal) Vitiligo: When patches occur on one or only a few areas of the body.
  • Acrofacial Vitiligo: When the patches appear only on face and hands, eyes, nose, ears and around body openings.

Predicting the progress of Vitiligo is difficult as sometimes the condition spreads widely or sometimes it stops spreading even without any treatment.

Treatment:

Cosmetic camouflage: This is performed with colouring creams to cover-up the white patches. Usually, a semi-liquid foundation-like application is applied to the skin to hide the depigmented white circles. When correctly applied as per doctor’s instructions, camouflage creams can stay up to 96 hours on the skin. Although the duration may decrease in the case of the face and other exposed areas.

Microskin is a new revolutionary camouflage technique that stays on skin for several days. It’s smudge-proof and waterproof which also allow the skin to breathe. It comes in over 100 shades and gives a natural skin tone,

Phototherapy: Light therapy or phototherapy given with narrowband ultraviolet A (UVA) or ultraviolet B (UVB) has shown to stop the growth of Vitiligo. This treatment is often given with corticosteroids or calcineurin inhibitors for effective results. The treatment is given two to three times a week for several months. Effective changes can be seen within 2-3 months of the therapy.

Excimer (Targeted Phototherapy): It is one of the most effective Vitiligo treatments where ultraviolet radiations are directly focused on the white spots. As the name suggests, this treatment only targets the white spots leaving the rest of the skin unexposed. Usually, this treatment is often recommended for localized Vitiligo patients.

Depigmentation: This treatment is recommended for patients with more than 50% widespread Vitiligo. It is applied to the unaffected skin area to reduce melanin percentage and make a unified skin tone. This is achieved by using strong medicated topical lotion or creams that reduce melanin percentage on the skin. It is a permanent treatment and the entire procedure may take up to 12 to 14 months.

Melanocyte Cell Transfer: under this treatment, the top layer of white spots are removed and replaced with healthy melanocytes(pigment cells) taken from other parts of the body. Within a few months of the transplantation, the melanocytes start working to produce melanin which results in the disappearance of the white spots.

Skin Grafting: under this procedure, a small section of healthy pigmented skin is transferred to replace the depigmented skin areas. This treatment is recommended for Vitiligo patients with limited Vitiligo spots. Due to the complexity involved in this procedure, doctors only recommend it when all other treatment fails to restore the lost skin colour.

At Dr. Paul’s Skin Laser Centre, Vitiligo treatment is performed under the supervision of certified MD Dermatologists after an open discussion about the procedure, results, and possible effects of the treatment. Call today at 9803 029 029 to know more! 

Go Hair-free but Carefully | Avoid Laser Hair Removal Complications

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Laser hair removal has definitely made life much easier with its permanent solution to get rid of unwanted body hair. But is that all you need to know? Definitely not! Laser hair removal involves a lot of consequences if not done in a proper manner under the guidance & supervision of a medical expert.

Let’s start with the areas where hair growth is just not welcome, like upper lips, eyebrows, cheeks, ear tops, axillae, bikini lines etcetera. Many women even choose to go for full body hair removal. Well, choosing laser hair removal is not wrong but one needs to know the right place to get it done.

Reality entangled with laser hair removal which no one wants to accept:

  • Small temporary PIH or redness can happen
  • Recovery period varies for individual
  • Fine hair or grey hair cannot be cleared
  • 100% clearance is not possible in certain conditions

Many people sign up for parlour packages to get laser treatment done over skin clinics due to affordability without knowing the consequences.

Going under untrained hands leads to a number of complications like:

  • Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Atrophic scar
  • Various eye issues after eyebrow hair removal
  • Acne
  • Burns & blisters

Why do these complications happen?

  • Not doing proper test treatments prior to conducting laser hair removal sessions.
  • Selection of the wrong laser without examining skin type.
  • Unprofessional handling of the laser system with no/little understanding of lasers or interaction of lasers with skin.
  • When not used properly, the safest laser beams can harm the skin layer, even causing serious injuries.
  • Poor selection of the area to be treated and choosing the wrong parameters.
  • Attempts to remove fine hairs or grey hairs with laser treatment which is not possible.
  • Fluence or intensity used which is too high, too many passes, inadequate post-treatment cooling, poor overlap technique and inadequate pulse sequencing resulting in thermal damage to the upper layer of the skin.
  • Taking frequent sessions without maintaining adequate time gap which is required for skin healing.

All these above complications happen due to lack of proper training which can be avoided easily with awareness. Dermatologists in the professional skin clinics are the one who has the proper training for laser handling and knows how to handle each laser with different skin type.

This is why expertise is needed! Go for Laser Hair Removal at Dr Paul’s Skin Laser Center

Vitiligo Laser Treatment: Why One Should Go for It

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Vitiligo, an autoimmune condition specifically marked by the white patches that appears on the skin. The reason behind this condition is still unknown but vitiligo treatment clinic describes that autoimmune cells suddenly starts killing the healthy pigment cells which results into vitiligo patches. Though vitiligo laser treatment has come as a bliss for many, yet the white patches makes life harder for the patients. It can happen with both children and adults and even can be congenital problem too. skin gets the color from melanin cells and losing them means skin loses color. More pigment cells mean darker skin tone and less pigment cells means lighter skin tone while no pigment in certain areas means uneven skin tone. Losing pigment at certain spots in an uneven manner means vitiligo spots arises. The vitiligo treatment clinic offers best technology such as vitiligo laser treatment which helps to treat the spots.

Around 2% of the world population is estimated to fighting with vitiligo and found in both adults and children. Even, gender is not an aspect to get this condition and one can get the starting sign at any age. Although, it tends to appear between 20-30 years age but not stays limited to that. People over these ages can also get this condition. People with family history of vitiligo are more likely to get these patches. Even it has been seen that people with vitiligo often have some other autoimmune diseases too such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or type 1 diabetes. This is why, before giving vitiligo treatment in Delhi specialists check for symptoms related to these conditions.

Types of vitiligo:

Segmental Vitiligo – only 10% of the cases are found to be of this sort of vitiligo where patches appear only in certain areas of the body.

No segmental Vitiligo – most vitiligo patients get this type of vitiligo where patches appear all over the body even in the genital areas.

Vitiligo patches often appears on the sun exposed areas of the body such as face, neck and hands. The patches are always pale white and can be small or big. Vitiligo can be treated to slow the widespread and some treatment helps to get the melanin back into skin. However, there is no complete cure exists for vitiligo, but the discoloured skin can be restored back to normal color. Vitiligo laser treatment is one such treatment offered by vitiligo treatment clinic that helps restores the discoloured skin. In vitiligo laser treatment, UV or PUVA or low bandwidth UVB lasers are used to eliminate the patches.

Vitiligo Laser Treatment

At various vitiligo treatment clinic, they offer best treatment to manage the spots and affected patchy and discoloured skin. Vitiligo laser treatment can be used in two ways. In case of smaller patches, or if the patient has few patches over the body only then the laser rays are thrown on that specific area where the skin need to go under regimentation process. But in most of the cases, the patches are widespread, and, in that case, the patient are made to enter in a light chamber and the whole body gets throw the laser beam. Light chamber vitiligo laser treatment process involves laser imposition on the whole body to give a re-pigmentation treatment.

De-pigmentation, in certain vitiligo treatment clinic in Delhi, offer treatment under supervision of best doctors who are best skilled at treating the vitiligo spots. The treatment involves fading the surrounding skin on the body, or face, to match with the white patches or white spots. Depigmentation therapy is the best treatment option for white spots disease if vitiligo or white spots disease on more than 50 percent of a patient’s body.

In this procedure, the monobenzone drug is applied twice a day to the pigmentation areas of the skin, including face, hands and feet, until they match the areas without pigmentation. Some patients, who are resistant to depigmentation with clinic drug monobenzone will need Q Switch NDYAG Laser, available in approved clinics, skin centers or hospitals, to destroy the cells with pigmentation caused by vitiligo giving patients the best possible results by doctors in Delhi.

Sometimes vitiligo treatment clinic prescribe treatment which is a combination of an ointment with the vitiligo laser treatment. For few cases, such treatment is required which is decided by the surgeons. Patients may need several sessions for the laser therapy and may require to be reaped twice in a week to receive the best results.

Cost of Vitiligo Laser Treatment

Many people give a wonder eyes when they hear about vitiligo laser treatment. People think that it is a costly treatment but nowadays many vitiligo treatment clinics offer an affordable treatment. They design a treatment package for vitiligo laser treatment that are quite affordable for the common man, they understand that people might need to go for several sessions and thus tailoring the prices will help them retain maximum number of patients.

White Patches of Vitiligo: Cause, Symptoms & Treatment

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Vitiligo is an autoimmune condition which causes white patches on the skin. In this condition, the melanocyte cells start dying for unknown reasons and melanocytes are the cells responsible for giving colour to our skin. the immune cells of our body start to kill the melanocytes cells and triggers white patches of vitiligo. It is a sheer truth that immune cells play a vital role in our skin health. White spots on skin treatment may help to reduce the widespread but cannot cure the condition completely.

White patches of vitiligo types:

  • Non-segmental vitiligo: The most common type where patients get white patches on both sides of the body.Segmental vitiligo: In this, the patients experience white patches of vitiligo mainly in one area or segment of the body. Such type vitiligo cases are very rare and only 10% of the patient experience it.

The confusing thing with this condition is it is hard to predict how long and to what extent the white patches of vitiligo will be spread. Vitiligo can start at any age but typically it shows first signs by the age of 30s as said by many white patches on skin treatment hospitals. The reasons why immune cells start attacking the melanocytes is still unknown but genetical & environmental triggers are there. It has been seen that people with a family history of vitiligo are more likely to get this condition.

Triggers of Vitiligo:

However, there are a number of factors that put people at an increased risk of developing white patches of vitiligo:

  • Genetics: As per many white patches on skin treatment hospitals, certain genetic profiles trigger the white patches of vitiligo to appear. Researchers have identified around 30 genes that are responsible for vitiligo and the most important ones are NLRP1 and PTPN22. Around 20% of vitiligo patients are the one with the family history of this condition.
  • Environmental triggers: There are environmental triggers that escalate white patches of vitiligo. Environmental triggers induce melanocytes destruction which causes the white spots to appear. Some of the potential triggers include sunlight, chemical exposure, and trauma etc. These triggers even speed up the widespread in patients being diagnosed with white patches of vitiligo.

Autoimmune diseases: People with certain autoimmune diseases such as Hashimoto’s disease or alopecia areata are more prone to experience white patches of vitiligo. Among every 4 vitiligo patients, 1 always has some other autoimmune disease.

Signs and symptoms of Vitiligo

The biggest sign of vitiligo is the appearance of white patches on the skin. The white patches of vitiligo can show up anywhere in the body but usually first appear in the sun-exposed areas such as the face, hands, neck, feet etc. The spots can even appear in armpits, genitals and groin area.

Symptoms of vitiligo also include:

  • Premature greying of hairs
  • Eyelashes or eyebrows turning white
  • The retina of the eye changes colour
  • white patches in the inner mouth

Depending on the area where the white spots of vitiligo appear, specialists diagnose the widespread of the condition. Progress of this condition and widespread area of the marks varies from person to person. People who get white patches of vitiligo on both sides of the bodies are categorized as generalized vitiligo. Most people tend to get the white patches of vitiligo in only one side of the body.

Vitiligo makes skin more sensitive to sunlight. The white patches of vitiligo are the area with no melanin which stores the dangerous UV rays that cause various other skin conditions. People with vitiligo also may experience hearing issues or inflammation in the iris.

Moreover, rather than physical stress, white patches of vitiligo causes more mental stress. The way society looks and behaves with vitiligo patients, it often leads them to depression. If the white patches of vitiligo cannot be covered under the clothes, then it becomes a real struggle for the patients. They struggle with self-confidence & esteem and prefers to stay isolated from the society.

Vitiligo Diagnosis and Treatment

Not all white patches are vitiligo, they can happen due to other conditions as well. So, it is always good to see a dermatologist for proper diagnosis & treatment. To carry a proper diagnosis, the dermatologist may ask a few questions such as:

  • If you have ever been diagnosed with an autoimmune disease
  • If you have a family history of vitiligo
  • If you have experienced any skin condition recently.

All of these factors indicate the presence of vitiligo. Most of the time, the dermatologist identifies vitiligo by white patches on the skin and referring the given answers for the above questions. They also might use UV rays to identify the pigment loss.

Unfortunately, there is no cure available for white spots of vitiligo but there are several white spots on skin treatment exists which helps to lighten the spots. The treatment options include:

  • Cosmetic makeup and self-tanners to cover up the spots
  • Corticosteroid creams and tacrolimus ointments
  • Laser therapy
  • Pigmentation therapy
  • Skin grafting, blister grafting

These white spots on skin treatment may show few side-effects such as scar or dryness or itchiness but also promises good results.

White Patches on the Skin? It Can Be Vitiligo

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We all love flawless skin and make all efforts to get that. There is no one in this world who would like to have patchy or flawed skin. Yet, there are instances when many of us experience white patches on our skin. white patches on the skin can occur for a variety of reasons such as hyperpigmentation, vitiligo or other conditions. Treatment of white patches largely depends on the condition, but it mostly occurs due to pigmentation loss in the skin. Pigmentation cells or Melanin are the components that give colour to our skin. absence of these cells makes our skin discoloured. To understand the complete phenomenon of skin pigmentation.

What is skin pigmentation?

Pigments in our skin are called melanin, which is a complex polymer derived from the amino acid tyrosine. These cells are distributed throughout the epidermis, the top layer of the skin. Melanin are produced and spread to other skin cells which gives an even colour to our skin. Now, there are instances when these cells accumulate or cluster in groups which form moles, age spots, freckles or other dark spots. on the other hands, if in any place, the pigments cells get destroyed, it forms white patches on the skin. Such conditions are called hypopigmentation and require white patches on skin treatment to eliminate the spots.

What causes the white patches on the skin?

Loss of pigmentation causes major concern for skin and leaves white patches. These uneven patches are hard to eliminate as getting the lost pigments back is quite impossible. However, there are a number of treatments of white patches available that makes the journey easy. To get the correct treatment, it is important to understand and identify the right cause behind pigmentation loss.

What are the conditions that require treatment of white patches?

Tinea Versicolor:

The first one to name under this category is Tinea Versicolor which causes white patches on the skin. This condition occurs when a natural yeast called pityrosporum ovale overgrows of the skin and goes out of control. The patches appear can be lighter or darker which vary persons to persons.
The condition also may occur due to a variety of influencing factors such as hot weather, oily skin, hormonal changes, a weakened immune system, and excessive sweating. In most cases, people going through adolescence and growing young experience this disorder while visiting a warm or humid place. Such white patches on skin treatment are often done with anti-fungal medications which work brilliantly to eliminate the white patches.

Hypopigmentation:

Hypopigmentation is another condition which causes white spots on the skin. It may occur due to trauma, burns, scrapes, blisters, or other injuries which leaves scars on the skin and exhaust the melanin. There are instances when white patches on the skin happen due to inflammatory skin reaction or skin infection which affects or damages the melanin production. Such condition can be Seborrheic dermatitis, pityriasis alba, or eczema etc. Hypopigmentation white patches on skin treatment include creams, topical medications and laser treatments. Although this is a harmless condition, but treatments are required and sometimes treatment can be difficult too. But a good dermatologist prescribed treatment of white patches helps eliminate these white patches on the skin.

Vitiligo:

The major concern raises when the white patches om skin occurs due to vitiligo. This is not a contagious condition, but it is hard to eliminate the white spots with the treatment of white patches. The first sign of this condition always starts with small patches on the skin which gradually spreads through. These patches are most likely to appear first in the sun-exposed areas such as face, neck, shoulder, hands & feet. Although these patches are not contagious, they run through the gene.
The amount of damage caused by this condition is hard for any patient including the treatment of white patches. The amount of psychological damage is higher than physical damage and patients often choose a life with less social contacts. The society always raises eyebrows towards these patients mainly because of the damaged skin appearance and thinks it is contagious. For vitiligo patient, the white patches leave marks on their soul! It hugely affects patient’s way to look at themselves. Unfortunately, the condition has no cure but with the treatment of white patches, the widespread can be controlled.
Vitiligo is an immune system disorder that causes the skin to lose pigments. Basically, the immune cells attack and destroy these pigment cells for unknown reasons. Surprisingly, 4% of the world’s population has this condition. Vitiligo people are also more prone to other immune diseases. Vitiligo white patches on skin treatment include creams, topical medications and laser treatments. People mostly get these white patches between the ages of 10 and 30 but they may occur at later age too.
The Vitiligo white patches on skin treatment include:

• Topical treatment
• Cosmetic camouflage
• Ultraviolet light therapy
• Immune system modulators
• Conventional skin grafts
• Cellular transplantation therapies

Dermatologists apply the suitable treatment of white patches after a thorough understanding of the cause of vitiligo for the individual. Thus, the treatment varies from patient to patient. Sometimes. the condition is dynamic, where the pigment cells go & come back. The most sought-after treatment for vitiligo is laser therapy. Laser treatment of white patches stimulates the melanocyte stem cells to move from hairs to the skin. Over the years, it has shown a high success rate, but the treatment is quite slow. With two or three times a week session, people may see 25% re-pigmentation after three months, 50% after six months and 75% after nine months.
White patches on skin treatment may take time to eliminate the white patches on the skin but ultimately help the patients to leave a normal life.

Depigmentation Therapy for Vitiligo

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Vitiligo or leukoderma is an autoimmune skin condition that results in partial loss of skin pigmentation cells. Pigmentation cells called ‘melanin’ are responsible for our skin colour and absence of them results in white milky patches over the skin surface. The condition can affect any part of the body and cause white patches. However, commonly the condition starts appearing in the sun-exposed areas of the body such as face, lips, hands, feet, neck etc. Depending on the severity of the condition, doctors for white marks on the skin suggest various treatment. Depigmentation treatment is one of such treatment processes.

Depigmentation therapy:

Depigmentation therapy can be best described as a medical procedure to remove skin pigmentation cells. It is mostly used for patients with widespread vitiligo but has few patches of original skin colour left.  In simple words, people who have incomplete vitiligo on faces or other body parts can go under this treatment. It improves their appearance by giving an even skin tone.

This depigmentation therapy for vitiligo is done by using many methods such as Monobenzyl ether of Hydroquinone (MBEH), Topical Diphencyprone (DPCP), Imiquimod, Phenol, Cryotherapy and Lasers. Among them, Monobenzyl ether of hydroquinone and lasers are most commonly used and tend to deliver the best results. Doctors for white marks on the skin often use combination therapy as well for faster & better results.

This depigmentation therapy is considered for people with more than 50% widespread vitiligo and has patches over the body parts that are exposed or sensitive to cosmetics. It is necessary for the patients to understand some facts about the depigmentation therapy prior to taking it. These factors must be discussed with the patient to let them understand the process & side effects. These factors may include:

  • Nature of the treatment
  • Care and protection needed for the long run. For example, people undergone depigmentation therapy need to wear medicated sun protection to maintain the benefits of this therapy and reduce the risks of sun damage, cancer or other skin conditions.
  • Longer downtime and requires ‘touch–up’ sessions.
  • May have side effects depending on various individual factors.
  • Repigmentation can be patchy for a while.

Patients should be given the opportunity to discuss treatment options with their family and friends.

Monobenzyl ether of hydroquinone

Doctors for white marks on the skin commonly uses MBEH or monobenzone as the depigmenting agent to treat vitiligo patches. It is the only medically approved depigmentation therapy agent for treating vitiligo. It is a derivative of hydroquinone which causes irreversible depigmentation by killing the pigmentation cells. Depending on the individual, doctors may suggest different concentrations. The concentration also depends on the area to be treated for.

Side-effects also may cause after MBEH application, but they are mostly mild ones. If MBEH application causes transient irritation or burning sensation to the patient’s skin, then the doctor may stop the treatment for a while. In the case of blistering, scaling or dry skin, the doctor may suggest some topical corticosteroids cream to apply and stop the process for a while. If any of these side-effects happen, the doctor may reduce the strength of MBEH for next sessions. Very few cases of contact allergic dermatitis are found as a side-effect of this treatment which resulted in the permanent stop of this treatment. Few cases of exogenous ochronosis or ashy brown pigmentation have been seen after prolonged use of MBEH treatment. However, all these side-effects occur very rarely and only a few cases have been found around the world.

Application of monobenzyl ether of hydroquinone

Before starting the treatment, best clinics for white patches on the body always carry a tolerance test for MBEH. Under the tolerance test, the patient is given MBEH cream to apply daily for a week or two to apply in a small area such as inner upper arm or elbow. If no side effects experienced in this period, then patients are advised to proceed.

The MBEH creams are usually instructed to apply once daily for two weeks and then increase the daily application frequency. The creams should be applied around the pigmented area to lighten them. Such creams should not be applied on the eyelids or mucosal surfaces. Also, while under this treatment, the patients are advised to avoid sun exposure as that can cause repigmentation in the patches.

Usually, the treatment takes 1-4months to achieve desired results, but there are instances when vitiligo patients have to continue it for a longer period. However, the duration varies from patients to patients depending on various factors and their vitiligo patches.

It is always advised that if desired outcomes are not achieved within 4 months of use than this treatment should be discontinued. Once the cream has delivered the desired results, the patients need to use them intermittently as a maintenance routine. Usually, post-treatment applications are advised to do for twice a week, but it may vary for individual. Also, post-treatment, the patients need to apply SPF50+ broad-spectrum sunscreen daily to avoid repigmentation and sunburn.

Why professional services matters?

Taking depigmentation therapy services from random clinic never deliver the desired results and also could cause serious side effects. In the best clinics for white patches on the body, professional dermatologists do the proper skin test before proceeding with the treatment which minimizes the chances of side-effects and assures the best outcome.

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