What Is The Difference Between Vitiligo And Albinism?


What Is The Difference Between Vitiligo And Albinism?

Since the time you are born, you have pigmentation in your skin that gives it a color. When you are healthy, the skin color will appear normal. However, in specific cases, you will find the color become darker (hyperpigmentation) or go lighter (hypopigmentation). Sometimes, a person may not be born with pigmented skin. Today, you will learn more about vitiligo and albinism, and the difference between the two.

Vitiligo gets characterized by smooth, white patches on the skin. These patches can appear all over the body in some people. It is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the destruction of pigment-producing cells. Although there is no cure for vitiligo, there are several treatments available.

Albinism is a rare inherited disorder caused by a lack of a melanin-producing enzyme. As a result, there is no pigmentation in the skin, hair, or eyes. People with albinism have a defective gene that prevents the body from producing melanin. Albinism cannot get cured.

Now, since you are aware of both vitiligo and albinism, let’s explore the topic further.

 Vitiligo And Albinism: Types

Doctors typically categorize vitiligo in the following types:

    • When macules appear in multiple locations on the body, it gets referred to as generalized vitiligo.
    • Segmental vitiligo refers to a condition limited to one side of the body or one area, such as the hands or face.
    • Mucosal vitiligo affects the mucous membranes of the mouth or genitals.
    • Focal vitiligo, a rare type in which the macules are concentrated in a small area and do not spread in a predictable pattern within one to two years.
    • Trichome vitiligo denotes a white or colorless center, followed by a lighter pigmented area and then an area of normal colored skin.
    • Universal vitiligo is a rare type of vitiligo in which more than 80% of the body’s skin lacks pigment.

Albinism results from a mutation in one of the many genes in your body. Depending on that, melanin production can slow down or stop. Now, considering the specific genes affected, albinism can get split into numerous groups and types.

    • Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) gets caused by a gene mutation in one of four genes. OCA gets further classified into seven types based on variations.
    • An X-chromosome gene mutation causes X-linked ocular albinism. Males are primarily affected by X-linked ocular albinism. Although there are vision issues, the eye, hair, and skin color remain within the normal range.
    • Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome is a rare variant that is most prevalent in Puerto Rico. The symptoms are similar to those of oculocutaneous albinism, but bowel, heart, kidney, and lung diseases, as well as bleeding disorders such as hemophilia, are more likely.


Vitiligo And Albinism: Causes

Vitiligo Causes

Although the causes of vitiligo are not fully understood, there are several theories:

    • Autoimmune disorder: The immune system of the affected person may produce antibodies that destroy melanocytes.
    • Genetics: Some factors that may increase the likelihood of developing vitiligo can be inherited. About 30% of vitiligo cases are hereditary.
    • Neurogenic factors: A toxic substance to melanocytes may get released at skin nerve endings.
    • Self-destruction: Melanocytes destroy themselves due to a defect.

Albinism Causes

A genetic mutation in one of several genes causes albinism. They say that one in every 70 people carries the albinism gene. The genes in question are in charge of several aspects of melanin production, by melanocytes, in the skin and eyes.

The mutations most commonly interfere with the enzyme tyrosinase (tyrosine 3-monooxygenase). This enzyme is responsible for the synthesis of melanin from the amino acid tyrosine.

Melanin production can be slowed or completely stopped depending on the mutation. There are always issues with the visual system, no matter how much interference with melanin production. It is because melanin is essential for the retina and the optic nerve pathways development from the eye to the brain.

Vitiligo And Albinism: Risk Factors

Vitiligo Risk Factors

Because the skin has lost its melanin, it no longer has its characteristic color. Melanocytes, the pigment-forming cells, have been destroyed for unknown reasons. We have no idea why this occurs. It could be an autoimmune condition in which your body’s defenses attack your cells rather than invading germs.

Vitiligo may be inherited. You’re more likely to get it if someone else in your family has it or if people in your family have premature grey hair.

Albinism Risk Factors

The most common physical issues associated with albinism are a higher risk of sunburn and skin cancer.

Furthermore, some people are dealing with serious social issues. Bullying at school is one example. Individuals may feel like an outsider due to the constant targeting because of their appearance. Stress, low self-esteem, and isolation can result from these social factors.


Vitiligo And Albinism: Symptoms

Vitiligo Symptoms

Vitiligo symptoms and signs include the following:

  • Skin discoloration occurs in patches. It involves your eyes as well as the mucous membranes in your mouth and nose.
  • Patches of hair on your head or face turn grey or white before their time.

Albinism Symptoms

Albinism’s primary symptoms include changes in the skin, hair, eye color, and vision.

  • A lighter skin tone is the most obvious sign, but skin tone does not always differ significantly. Melanin levels in some people gradually increase over time, darkening skin tone as the personages.
  • The individual’s hair color may gradually darken as they age.
  • Eyes, too, can change with age, ranging from very light blue to brown. Low melanin levels in the iris cause the eyes to appear slightly translucent and, in certain lighting conditions, red or pink as light reflects off the retina at the back of the eye.
  • Albinism always affects vision. It could cause astigmatism, myopia, photophobia, and many other eye-related conditions.


Vitiligo And Albinism: Diagnosis

Vitiligo Diagnosis

During a physical exam, your doctor can usually diagnose vitiligo by looking at your skin. You might also need to take additional tests, such as blood tests and:

  • A skin biopsy procedure in which a sample of your skin gets sent to a laboratory for further examination.
  • A Wood’s lamp test, in which a doctor examines your skin under UV light.

Albinism Diagnosis

The most common method of diagnosing albinism is through a physical examination. Others include:

  • Changes in skin and hair pigmentation get discussed.
  • An expert (ophthalmologist) examines the eyes and compares the individual’s coloration to that of the family members.
  • Other diseases can also cause pigmentation changes, but they will not cause vision changes.

Albinism is very likely to be the cause if both pigment changes and vision changes are present. Genetic testing is the most reliable way to diagnose albinism. It is not always necessary in families with a history of albinism.


Vitiligo And Albinism: Treatment

Vitiligo Treatment

Vitiligo has no known cure. The goal of medical treatment is to achieve a uniform skin tone. Either by restoring color (repigmentation) or removing any remaining of it (depigmentation). The most common treatment options include the following:

  • Camouflage therapy
  • Repigmentation therapy
  • Light therapy
  • Surgery
  • Counselling

Albinism Treatment

There are no cures for this disease because it is genetic. Treatment focuses on reducing symptoms and monitoring for changes. It is critical to receive proper eye care if you have vision problems. It includes the following:

  • spectacles on prescription
  • sunglasses with a dark tint to protect the eyes from the sun
  • regular eye examinations

You should also watch out for any changes to your skin and use sun protection at all times.

Albinism does not deteriorate with age. A child with albinism can thrive and achieve the same education and employment as someone who does not have the condition.


Vitiligo And Albinism: Who Is Affected?


Vitiligo is a disease caused by the immune system attacking melanocytes. As a result, no pigment gets produced, resulting in white spots. Your genetic makeup can predispose you to vitiligo at birth, but the white spots don’t appear on your skin until a chance event occurs. It could happen either internally (which is unknown) or externally, such as a stressful triggering event.


Albinism is present from birth as the patient inherits a faulty gene required for melanin production. As a result, melanocytes are present throughout the skin, but because they fail to produce pigment, the skin remains completely white.


When To See A Doctor?

The two conditions get dealt with in different ways. Pigment loss in vitiligo can often get concealed by repigmentation with light therapy. Albinism, on the other hand, gets hard to cover. It is because lack of pigment usually affects the entire body. The only way to deal with it is to protect your skin and eyes from the sun.

By taking the time to understand both these skin conditions extensively, you will raise awareness and help others understand them better. However, if you have further questions, you need to reach out to the right source. To learn more about albinism and vitiligo, speak with your doctor.

At Dr. Paul’s Skin Laser Centre, you will find treatment and consultation for all your skin and hair problems with experts in the industry. With the latest technologies and equipment, you will find yourself in safe hands should you choose to opt for any specific type of therapy. Even when it comes to vitiligo treatment, you will receive efficient solutions that address all your concerns. Therefore, if you choose to opt for vitiligo treatment or learn more about albinism, fill up our online form on the website.

Can Segmental Vitiligo Be Cured?


What Is Segmental Vitiligo?

Based on the distribution of depigmented areas, you can recognize two distinct variants of vitiligo. They are generalized or bilateral (non-segmental vitiligo) and localized or unilateral (segmental vitiligo). Segmental vitiligo remains unique and uncommon, characterized by dermatomal distribution. Due to its unilateral and asymmetrical nature, it never crosses the midline of your body.

In segmental vitiligo, the depigmented spots spread quickly in the affected areas and suddenly halt their growth. More often than not, the melanocytes in your hair follicles can get impacted, too, resulting in leukotrichia. Now, depending on the extent of spread, your dermatologist will weigh the treatment options and recommend one that might work the best for you.

Today, you will learn more about the different treatment options for segmental vitiligo and how they work.

Also Read: Segmental Vitiligo: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Segmental Vitiligo Cure

Usually, medical therapy gets considered as an exclusive therapy for vitiligo. You will find two options that have worked in the past to treat localized or segmental vitiligo. Dermatologists use topical corticosteroids and topical immunomodulators like calcineurin inhibitors as treatment options. However, in recent times, non-medical therapies like phototherapy and UVB laser have come to the fore.

Is Segmental Vitiligo Curable?

Like in many other medical cases, early detection holds the key to finding an appropriate cure or treatment option. Therefore, in the case of segmental vitiligo, it’s no different. Once you notice any signs or symptoms of vitiligo, make sure you consult your skin specialist right away to get the treatment underway.

As you know, the permanent end to melanocytes leads to depigmentation, thus vitiligo. So, the cure or treatment of vitiligo involves re-pigmentation of the area that’s affected. Earlier, topical therapies, such as topical corticosteroids, among others, saw better results. However, now you will find narrowband UVB therapy and phototherapy working well for segmental vitiligo.

Although you may not find a permanent cure for segmental vitiligo, combination therapies help. They work in the proper distribution of melanocytes on your body. Since it affects the hair follicles, treatment procedures like hair follicular transplant help re-pigment the vitiligo patches.

Another therapy that might work in curing or treating segmental vitiligo is – melanocyte-keratinocyte transplant procedure (MKTP). Since segmental vitiligo stops its spread after a while, this treatment allows melanocyte transplantation as the immune cells do not kill the new ones that get produced. However, this procedure takes a few sessions to begin working as your dermatologist has to figure if the segmental vitiligo remains stable. Either way, transplanting melanocytes can get done with the help of the following procedures:

    • Punch grafts
    • Split thickness skin grafts
    • Blister grafts
    • Cellular grafts

According to some studies, cellular grafts seem to be working well in the treatment of segmental vitiligo.

When To See A Doctor?

When it comes to any health issue, the symptoms become your first sign that you need to visit a doctor. Similarly, if you find flat white patches or spots on your skin along with irregularly shaped patches or inflamed edges, you need to consult a dermatologist immediately.

While segmental vitiligo does not cause discomfort, it can affect your mindset due to various reasons. Therefore, seeking help at the right time might prevent you from any physical or psychological distress.


Any physical or health issue needs proper care and treatment at the correct time. Therefore, if you wish for your segmental vitiligo to get cured, you need to reach out to a qualified and certified dermatologist who can help you with it. Apart from the physical appearance, segmental vitiligo can cause some psychological effect on you. So, the doctor considers all these parameters before recommending the appropriate treatment method.

At Dr. Paul’s Skin Laser Centre, you will find treatment and consultation for all your skin and hair problems with experts in the industry. With the latest technologies and equipment, you will find yourself in safe hands should you choose to opt for any specific type of therapy. Even when it comes to segmental vitiligo treatment, you will receive efficient solutions that address all your concerns. Therefore, if you choose to opt for vitiligo treatment, give us a call at +919803-029-029 or fill up our online form on the website.

Segmental Vitiligo: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment


What Is Segmental Vitiligo?

Usually, when you paint a picture in your head about any human being, you see them with uniform skin color. However, sometimes you will come across some people that have experienced a loss of natural skin color. They have patches of white in some parts or all over their bodies. These white patches essentially denote loss of pigment.

The loss of pigment or depigmentation gets termed vitiligo. Vitiligo gets divided into mainly two categories – non-segmental vitiligo and segmental vitiligo. The difference lies in the area it affects and other such traits.

Today, you will learn more about segmental vitiligo and how it typically affects a person in the early stages of life, anytime from infancy to adulthood. You will also find out the causes, symptoms, and treatment administered to reduce depigmentation in the affected parts of your body.

Related Blog: Vitiligo Guide: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, and More

Segmental Vitiligo In Children

Segmental vitiligo gets recognition as a separate entity. It has varied differences from generalized or non-segmental vitiligo. Due to its early onset and progressive development of patches or macules, segmental vitiligo gets characterized by segmented patterns on the skin over 6-24 months, followed by rapid stabilization.

The main distinguishing factor lies in its unilateral distribution (where lesions do not cross the midline). The underlying cause of segmental vitiligo remains debatable. But it usually occurs due to an autoimmune response to melanocytes. The majority of segmental vitiligo cases occur from infancy to adulthood, usually before 30 years of age. While the affected skin remains asymptomatic, it could get affected due to sunburns. Moreover, it remains highly uncommon and can affect up to 5% of adults and up to 20% of children.

Related Blog: Vitiligo In Children: Early Signs, Causes And Treatment

Segmental Vitiligo Symptoms

When you get vitiligo – whether segmental or generalized – it affects the significant parts of the body. It can affect your skin, hair (scalp, eyebrows, beard, eyelashes), eyes, inside of the mouth, or even genitals.

Flat white patches or spots on the skin can get characterized as the only symptom of segmental vitiligo. The first time you might notice spots or patches is when your skin gets exposed to the sun. Other signs include:

  • Slightly pale spots or patches that eventually turn white
  • Irregularly shaped patches or a spot
  • Inflamed edges with a slight red tone, sometimes resulting in itchiness

Most times, segmental vitiligo does cause any discomfort, irritation, or soreness in the skin. However, it affects only a handful of people and does not spread as quickly as generalized vitiligo (which impacts larger areas of your skin).

Segmental Vitiligo Causes

While the exact cause of segmental vitiligo remains unknown, you could find a few factors that may be behind its occurrence. Although it affects only 0.5-2% of the world’s population, if you have vitiligo or know someone who does, the causes may help you to reason and understand its treatment.


    • Melanocytes within the skin reduce or die-off
    • Reduction in the production of skin pigment – melanin
    • Autoimmune disorder or virus
    • If your body’s nervous system goes awry (especially in the case of segmental vitiligo)

Although these causes could cause segmental vitiligo, studies do not yet show why it happens. However, it can affect people across the world of all skin colors and races.

Segmental Vitiligo Treatment

Since segmental vitiligo remains confined to one section of your body, determining the treatment guidelines gets easier. However, response to any treatment depends on how well your body gets accustomed to it. Most often, the treatment for segmental vitiligo includes both medical and surgical therapies. But, surgical treatment remains limited to the response you get via medical treatment. If it fails, your dermatologist may suggest surgical methods to improve the appearance of your skin.

The treatment for segmental vitiligo gets administered in two stages – the first line of treatment and the second line of treatment. The first line of treatment includes:

  1. Topical corticosteroids: You can gain some skin color back with the help of topical corticosteroid creams. Depending on the diagnosis, they alone may work for you very well, or the doctor might prescribe combination therapy.
  2. Topical immunomodulators: Calcineurin inhibitors have gained quite the reputation when it comes to their efficacy. Even the use of topical vitamin D analogs along with immunomodulators may work to reduce the appearance of white patches on your skin.
  3. Narrowband UVB therapy: It works very well in segmental vitiligo treatment as the UV light emitted focuses on small, targeted areas of your body. You may require two to three sessions of NB-UVB therapy per week for a few months for it to work. Again, this depends on the diagnosis.
  4. Phototherapy: It requires the use of both psoralen and UVA light to restore your skin color. It can treat both generalized and segmental vitiligo effectively. However, opt for this therapy only if advised by your doctor.

If the first line of treatment fails to garner the desired results, your doctor might suggest surgical therapy – the second line of treatment. It includes:

    • Epidermal grafting
    • Mini-grafting
    • Transplantation of epidermal cell suspensions

While you may not always find the entire affected area of your skin to get re-pigmented, reducing the appearance of white spots or patches remains the ultimate goal. Any treatment requires an understanding of the skin condition, the extent of its spread, and a proper diagnosis and examination, which will lead to the most suitable form of treatment. Therefore, the responsibility of identifying and diagnosing segmental vitiligo lies with the skincare practitioner, who can share the right treatment method for you. Mostly, if you get affected with vitiligo, the cells that produce melanin die-off, thus regaining the loss may not always yield the needed results. However, if you detect segmental vitiligo early on, you can curb its spread and get the necessary treatment at the earliest.

Segmental Vitiligo Vs Non-Segmental Vitiligo

The primary difference between segmental and non-segmental vitiligo is that the former does not usually occur in response to autoimmune disorders (opposed to the latter). You will find a few more differences listed between the two below:

Segmental VitiligoNon-segmental Vitiligo
Early age of onsetVariable age of onset
Unilateral in natureBilateral in nature
Spreads rapidly and stabilizes in a few yearsTakes a chronic and progressive course
Predictable spread of white patchesUnpredictable spread of white patches
High percentage of white hair in the early stages of the diseaseVariable percentage of white hair of lesional skin
Satisfactory response to autologous graftingUnpredictable response after autologous grafting
Not associated with autoimmune diseaseOften associated with personal or family history of autoimmune disease


Although the difference between the two remains clear, you need to remember that vitiligo isn’t contagious.

Does Segmental Vitiligo Spread?

The uniqueness of segmental vitiligo remains in the fact that it does not cross the midline. Although it spreads rather quickly, more so than other forms of vitiligo, it stops in six months to a year. This characteristic of segmental vitiligo causes fears among those affected as it can make you feel as though the white patches may cover your entire body. However, the spread stops abruptly and could remain stable for the rest of your life.

Additionally, segmental vitiligo frequently turns the hair in the affected spot white quite quickly. Now, vitiligo spots with white hair do not usually respond very well to treatment. The reason behind it is that the melanocyte stem cells, which could produce more melanocytes, live in the hair follicles but most likely get destroyed if the hair turns white with vitiligo.

Is Segmental Vitiligo Curable?

Vitiligo is a skin condition that remains mostly uncurable. However, some specific therapies and treatments can help curb its spread. In the case of segmental vitiligo, medical treatment like topical corticosteroids or light therapy may work. They may reduce the appearance of white patches. However, in recent light, surgical treatment has come to the fore in helping you restore skin color with melanocyte-keratinocyte transplant procedure (MKTP).

Remember, early detection and prompt treatment can help cure segmental vitiligo. However, avoid self-diagnosis. If you see any signs or symptoms of segmental or non-segmental vitiligo, consult a skin specialist or dermatologist who can help you get to the bottom of it.

Read more: Can Segmental Vitiligo Be Cured?

Is Segmental Vitiligo Hereditary?

As you know, segmental vitiligo does not associate with autoimmune disorders or diseases. The usual cause remains difficulties in your body’s nervous system. However, since the primary reason is unknown, you might find vitiligo to occur due to hereditary characteristics (in some cases).

But only a proper diagnosis will help determine the exact cause of segmental vitiligo and its subsequent treatment. You might have to share your medical history and go through a physical exam to examine the cause and help the dermatologist administer a successful treatment.

How To Identify Segmental Vitiligo?

The single identification factor or sign of segmental vitiligo is that the white patches remain localized in one area of your body without crossing the midline. Usually, it spreads quickly. But after it halts, it remains permanent for most of your life. You will not find segmental vitiligo to affect all of your body.

Another sign of segmental vitiligo is that the hair in the affected area turns white due to the loss of melanocytes that rest in the hair follicles.

When To See A Doctor?

As soon as you notice any signs that indicate that you may have segmental vitiligo, you have to see a doctor immediately. In most skin conditions or otherwise, early detection is the crucial factor. Therefore, if you find any white patches or spots on your body, consult a dermatologist to help with its diagnosis and treatment.

Remember, only a qualified dermatologist or skin specialist can help you with the problem. So, find one that has renowned qualifications and substantial experience in the field of dermatology.


In conclusion, segmental vitiligo remains the less common type of vitiligo. However, the line of treatment suggested can help with the cure to a great extent. Being concentrated in one area allows the doctor to conduct a proper diagnosis and eventual treatment method, thus reducing the appearance of white patches or spots on your skin.

One thing you must remember, if you notice any signs or symptoms of vitiligo, you need to consult the dermatologist immediately. In most cases, early detection of any skin condition helps with the treatment process and sometimes may cure it altogether.

At Dr. Paul’s Skin Laser Centre, you will find treatment and consultation for all your skin and hair problems with experts in the industry. With the latest technologies and equipment, you will find yourself in safe hands should you choose to opt for any specific type of therapy. Even when it comes to segmental vitiligo treatment, you will receive efficient solutions that address all your concerns. Therefore, if you choose to opt for vitiligo treatment, give us a call at +919803-029-029 or fill up our online form on the website.

Is Vitiligo Hereditary or Genetic?


Vitiligo is a skin condition that causes patchy loss of skin pigmentation and makes it appear pinkish or white. It affects certain body parts first, giving the person a patchy look and tends to progress over time, affecting larger areas of skin or even the entire body. It is an autoimmune disease and on an average affects 1 in 100 people.


What Is Autoimmune Disease?

 To understand this better, let’s understand vitiligo and autoimmunity better. The colour of our skin is because of a pigment called melanin, which is produced by the cells melanocytes. In vitiligo, the body mistakes melanocytes as foreign bodies and kills them, leading to loss of colour. People with this condition have a confused immune system and also carry the risk of having other autoimmune diseases such as lupus, hypothyroidism, and inflammatory bowel disease.


Is Vitiligo Genetic or Hereditary?

Though these words are used interchangeably a lot of times, there is a slight difference in these that determine the type of the disease. Genetic diseases are the ones that are caused by either a defect in a certain gene or set of genes or due to genetic mutation in the body. However, hereditary diseases are the ones that are passed on to an individual through their ancestors in the form of their genetic makeup.

The genetic makeup of an individual result in the formation of various proteins, which lead to physical and genetic variations in every person. So, different variations in genes mean different instructions and hence, slightly different proteins. These resulting proteins look and act differently in every individual and some may affect the melanocytes, thus causing vitiligo.

However, there is no profound evidence on what exactly causes vitiligo or how it appears at any age, in any gender. However, it is said that vitiligo ‘runs in families’, which means it has some genetic basis to it but the inheritance of the disease is multifactorial and involves the interaction of multiple genes combined with multiple other causative factors. Hence, it cannot be said with complete certainty whether the person with a family history of vitiligo will develop it or not. In fact, only 30% of people with vitiligo have a family member suffering from it.


Vitiligo is Genetic

Since everything revolves around the genetic makeup of an individual, it is safe to say that it is a genetic phenomenon, which is further triggered by environmental factors, stress, UV rays, hormonal changes exposure to chemicals, history of other autoimmune diseases, etc.

Researchers still haven’t found out if there is one particular gene or genetic sequence that results in vitiligo but none so far. In fact, we people suffering from vitiligo don’t have any special genes that other people don’t have. It’s just the different variations of those similar genes that result in different types of vitiligo.

So, genes do play a role in causing this diseases since autoimmune diseases are an effect on mutation in genes and there is evidence of hereditary but it is a complicated disease that doesn’t follow the regular hereditary pattern of compulsorily passing on of genes. Which means, a person having vitiligo might not necessarily pass it on to his or her children. Hence, it is safe to say that genes are involved in causing vitiligo but may or may not pass down as a hereditary disease.


What Should You Do?

Kindly consult a dermatologist with an experience in vitiligo and find out the desired course of action. Please do not get overwhelmed by your family’s history since there is no test or procedure to know if you will develop it in future or if you are carrying it.

We highly recommend that you visit an experienced dermatologist immediately after you see the first signs of vitiligo and make necessary changes in your lifestyle. To know more, kindly visit: www.skinlasercentre.com or call 09803029029.

Vitiligo In Children: Early Signs, Causes And Treatment


What Is Vitiligo?

Vitiligo is a skin condition where patches of skin lose their pigment and become pink or white in colour. It can appear on different parts of the body because the cells, melanocytes, that create the skin pigment melanin get destroyed. Vitiligo can also affect the mucous membrane such as tissues inside the mouth, nose and eyes, leading to white patches.

Our skin colour is determined by the amount of melanin produced by the active melanocytes in the body. When these active cells are killed, they stop producing melanin and the site where they are attacked, lose its pigmentation thus appearing white.

Related Blog: Everything You Need to Know About Vitiligo


Vitiligo in Children:

Vitiligo is an autoimmune disease, where the cells of the body consider its own cells as foreign and attack them. A similar thing happens in vitiligo where the body cells confuse melanocytes as foreign bodies and attack them.

Children with autoimmune disease also run a risk of suffering from other autoimmune diseases such as thyroid, diabetes, and Addison’s disease. This is why kids suffering from vitiligo need to be taken special care of at all times. Even if it is not a life-threatening condition, it can be mentally and emotionally scarring. So, make sure you give your child the love and support they need and make them feel beautiful in every way you can.


Signs and Symptoms of Vitiligo in Kids:

The first signs of vitiligo in kids are white patches on the skin that are commonly found on the hands, feet, arms, face, and lips. Sometimes, vitiligo in babies also results in whitening of hair. In some children, vitiligo patches don’t spread whereas in some children, it spreads rapidly all over the body.

These are common signs and symptoms of vitiligo in kids:

  • The skin of a child with vitiligo start losing its colour and appear lighter than natural skin colour. The loss could be in patches and then spread all over.
  • One more early symptom of vitiligo in children is premature whitening or greying of hair without any other known underlying condition. Whitening or greying could occur on the hair of the head, eyebrows, and eyelashes.
  • Vitiligo tends to first show its symptoms in the crevices and cavities. First signs of vitiligo in kids could also be hypopigmentation in the oral and nasal cavity
  • Sometimes, vitiligo also affects the colour of the inner layer of the eyes that is of the retina and it could be easy to notice since the change in eye colour seldom occurs during young age.

 Related Blog: Look for These 5 Common Signs of Vitiligo


Causes of Vitiligo in Children:

Since it is an autoimmune disease, the cause of vitiligo is still unknown in children. Even though it is a genetic disease caused by a mutation in genes or genome (set of genes) and is usually said to be ‘running in the family’, it is not necessarily a hereditary disease. So, if you have vitiligo, you can’t be sure if it’ll be passed on to your child. The exact cause for melanocyte dysfunction is yet to be discovered but it could be due to:

  • Though vitiligo is known to be a genetic disorder, it has been seen that vitiligo often appears in the kids of people already suffering from vitiligo. Hence, one major reason could be hereditary passing on of the disorder.
  • Autoimmunity is a disorder where the body confuses melanocytes as an outside antigen, letting the immune system destroy them. Hence, the presence of autoimmunity in a child can lead to vitiligo along with other autoimmune diseases
  • Though research has yet not satisfactorily found out the exact cause of vitiligo in kids, it has been seen that certain environmental factors such as sunburn, stress, exposure to chemicals play an active role in causing the disorder.

No matter the cause, whether autoimmunity or hereditary, vitiligo is definitely not a contagious disease and your child can’t have it by coming in contact with someone with vitiligo.

Related Blog: What Causes Vitiligo to Spread?

Vitiligo Treatment For Children

Vitiligo has no 100% effective cure, and some patches might even disappear without any treatment. But there is no medical treatment that will make the pigmentation stop. There are some treatments that can reduce the inflammation caused by vitiligo and help even out the skin tone, but the results vary from child to child.

Usually, the first line of treatment for vitiligo in kids is a topical medication that are either corticosteroids or immune modulators. Some doctors may recommend light treatments of phototherapy to reduce the inflammation.

Here are some most common treatments for vitiligo in children:

1. Topical treatment: Certain creams, ointments and dermatologist prescribes lotions to be applied topically can help even out the skin tone and prevent the spread of vitiligo in children

2. Mineral complex cream: Mineral complex creams with vitamins, amino acids and minerals help keep the immunity stronger and repair the skin

3. Sun protection: Several sunscreen creams and gels with higher SPF and UVA and UVB protection are often prescribed by dermatologists to curb the skin sensitivity after examining the cause and results of vitiligo in kids

4. Oral vitamins supplements: In case of vitiligo in babies when critical following of diet is not possible, several oral supplements are prescribed in order to boost the immunity

5. Steroid pulse therapy: This is an effective treatment method to arrest the progression of vitiligo and induce spontaneous repigmentation of the skin.

6 Phototherapy: It includes recurrent exposure to UVA and UVB after taking a medicine that makes skin sensitive to light. Though it is quite an extensive treatment and requires frequent clinic visits, it is still one of the highly used treatments to treat vitiligo.


Vitiligo in Children Prevention

Since there is no way to predetermine if the child has vitiligo or not, there isn’t a preventive treatment that is available for vitiligo. However, some people have prevented the spread of vitiligo by applying certain tips and lifestyle changes. Though these have different results on different people, some can be used for kids and help prevent the spread:

1. Water is said to be the ultimate elixir because it keeps our skin hydrated, helps throw the toxins out of the body and keeps the body active. Hence, drinking a lot of water to boost the immune system is said to be one of the solutions to prevent vitiligo in children

2. As mentioned in the causes of vitiligo, the sun plays an important role in the occurrence of vitiligo in babies. Hence, it is important to avoid excess exposure to heat and sun to prevent the disorder

3. Though it is not always possible to avoid stepping out in the sun, one must take extreme precautions such as applying and reapplying sunscreen, covering the exposed body parts with clothing and keeping the body hydrated out in the sun to prevent vitiligo in kids

4. Preventive measures for vitiligo in kids also extend to preventing the spread of the disorder. Hence, consuming good, nutritious food and making necessary dietary changes is must to reduce the inflammation, pain and spread of vitiligo


Vitiligo in Children Diet

What children consume have a huge impact on their growth, development and immunity. Providing them nutrient-rich food and helping them strengthen their immunity is the way to go ahead in case of vitiligo.

Here are some simple dietary changes to be made in kids suffering from vitiligo:

1. Consuming green leafy vegetables and fruits like banana and apple can help contribute a holistic diet in children, which in turn increases the immunity of kids suffering from vitiligo

2. Consuming food rich in Vitamin B, Vitamin C, amino acids and folic acid help repair the cells and help curb the spread of vitiligo in kids

3. Having foods rich in minerals such as calcium, iron and magnesium is a great way to support the growth of body and its immunity thus allowing the cells to function better and suppress autoimmune conditions if any

4. It is a must for children with vitiligo to avoid junk food which contributes fats and sugar in the body. These worsen the immunity further and can boost the spread of vitiligo.


Is Vitiligo Curable in Children?

Vitiligo is not a curable disease and has no effective treatment in kids. Sometimes, vitiligo stops spreading or even the patches could go away on their own but there is no guarantee of that happening in every individual. Hence, doctors may prescribe certain treatments to see what works for treating vitiligo in that particular child and may suggest treatment accordingly.


There are also treatments to help even out the skin tone and give a uniform skin colour to the kid. However, since conditions and genetic make of children are very different, no two cases can be the same. Hence, a cure that works for one might not work at all for another child. However, there are various treatments to reduce the spread and certain preventive measure to help reduce the inflammation.


Which Parts Does Vitiligo Affect In Children?

The early signs of vitiligo in kids are small white dots and small patches on the arms and legs. Hence, if there is even a remote history of vitiligo in your family, pay extra attention to the occurrence of these patches in your child and keep an eye on early signs.

Though vitiligo can happen anywhere on the body, it’s more likely to happen on areas of skin that are:

  • Areas of skin that are more exposed to the sun, such as face and hands, are more susceptible to vitiligo patches in children. These parts are often not covered and hence are the first to show early symptoms
  • As much as exposure to the sun is harmful, it is equally important for skin to get air to breathe. Which is why, areas with folds in the body, such as the elbows, knees and groin are susceptible to vitiligo patches due to insufficient cleaning and breathing space.
  • The skin around body openings such as the eyes, nostrils and belly button are more prone to loss of skin colour since the skin around these places is thin and highly sensitive.


Bottom Line

Even though vitiligo in babies is not a life-threatening condition, it can scar them for life. Hence, make sure to give them the emotional and psychological support they need. Once they are a little older, make them understand what the condition is and encourage them to join help groups in order to make them feel confident about themselves.

Initial treatments for vitiligo in children need to be done only after a thorough consultation with a doctor. Please remember that not every patch of skin discolouration is a result of vitiligo and hence need to be confirmed with a dermatologist before directly jumping onto the treatments.

Vitiligo in kids needs special care and treatment and a good dermatologist with experience in treating vitiligo can give you quite good results. At Dr. Paul’s Skin Laser Centre, we have treated multiple cases of vitiligo and patients have had successful results over the years. For more information, diagnosis, or treatment of vitiligo, just call us on 09803029029 or fill this form and one of our dedicated team members will contact you at the earliest.

How to Avoid Vitiligo from Spreading?


Worried About Vitiligo Spreading?

You were living a regular life along with your family and friends until one day you spotted a white patch on the skin while looking in the mirror. When examined by a doctor you faced the reality that you have Vitiligo. In a world where confidence is derived largely from looks, you are petrified about this new skin disease and how it would affect your life.

However, you can still work around this disease and stop the white patch from spreading. In this blog, I will share all the necessary precautions and preventive measures that you can take to increase the chances of stopping Vitiligo spread. This includes food and vitamins you should include in your diet and food items you should strictly avoid. You can also click here Know About Vitiligo: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, and More to get the complete information about Vitiligo.

Can You Prevent Vitiligo from Spreading?

If proper steps and precautions are taken then Vitiligo spread could be controlled to a large extent. However, there is no exact scientific evidence that any preventive measures can guarantee a hundred percent result.

How to Avoid Vitiligo from Spreading?

The worst part about Vitiligo disease is the discolored patches keep growing and slowly covering a major part of the body. However, there are ways in which this spread can be stopped or at least reduced to a large extent. Below mentioned are some of the ways in which the Vitiligo spread can be stopped.

1. Vitamins for Vitiligo Prevention

There have been reports wherein some patient’s skin discoloration is reduced due to the consumption of certain vitamins and minerals. These vitamins however do not have medical proof of its effect on Vitiligo. Below mentioned is the list of vitamins that could prove effective against Vitiligo.

Vitamin D

Vitamin B12

Vitamin C

Beta carotene


Amino Acids

Gingko Biloba

There are also certain minerals that have proved helpful in the prevention of Vitiligo including


Drinking water from a copper vessel has proved to increase the overall health and vitality of skin


Food that is cooked in cast iron utensils also have great health benefits to the body and skin


Although Zinc-rich food is generally prohibited to prevent Vitiligo, it is ok to have small amounts through supplements as this mineral also has huge health benefits.

2. Natural Vitiligo Prevention

The answer to most diseases and their prevention lies in nature. Vitiligo can be prevented to a large extent if the below mentioned natural remedy is used. However, there is no scientific evidence available that proves the exact effectiveness of any food or diet.

Despite lack of evidence, some people believe that at home natural treatment can prevent Vitiligo. Below are some of the popular home remedies

Lemon and sweet basil extract

Basil is known to have strong melanin-producing properties, hence using them can help maintain the skin color. A solution made of basil leave extract and lemon when applied to skin everyday can give great results.

Gingko Biloba paste

This paste is an ancient traditional Chinese medicine that is famous all over the world for its medicinal properties. Using a Gingko Biloba paste can prove effective in maintaining the overall health and color of the skin.

Turmeric and mustard oil paste

Turmeric has high medicinal properties and hence has been used in India for centuries. A mixture made up of turmeric powder and mustard oil when applied to the skin every day can stimulate the pigmentation of the skin, thus keeping Vitiligo away.


3. Foods to Eat and Avoid to Prevent Vitiligo

Scientific research has shown time and again that food plays a very important role in the functioning and wellbeing of the body. Hence it is no surprise that the type of food you eat can prevent and promote Vitiligo spread on the skin.

There is no official doctor prescribed Vitiligo diet but many pieces of research and experiments have shown the probability of some foods triggering Vitiligo disease while some foods acting as a shield from this disease.

Below mentioned are the food that you should include in your diet to prevent Vitiligo.

  • Banana
  • Apples
  • Figs and dates
  • Chickpeas
  • Leafy vegetables
  • Root vegetables like beets, carrots, and radishes

Below mentioned are the food that you should avoid in your diet to prevent Vitiligo.

  • Blueberries
  • Alcohol
  • Citrus
  • Coffee
  • Fish
  • Curds
  • Gooseberries
  • Grapes
  • Pomegranate
  • Pears
  • Tomatoes
  • Red meats

So to conclude If you make sure you take care of your skin by eating food that is high in vitamin and minerals and stays away from Vitiligo triggering food items, you will have healthy skin for life.

If you want to know more about Vitiligo prevention or treatment then do reach us at +91 9803-029-029 to get expert advice. You can also fill in the form below and one of the representatives will get in touch with you.

What Causes Vitiligo to Spread?


The digital world has put too much spotlight on our outer beauty with the onslaught of photo sharing and video sharing apps taking a centre stage in our life. This is the reason why everyone today spends a lot of money on skincare and beauty products in order to look presentable in front of smartphone cameras. So in such beauty centric world, a skin disease like Vitiligo can cause unprecedented damage to the self-worth and confidence of an individual.

In this blog, we will understand the patterns of vitiligo spread and what causes this skin disease to spread. In case you need to know Vitiligo in detail click here Vitiligo: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, and More.


Patterns Of Spreading And Progression Of Vitiligo?

Vitiligo can grow or spread in different ways depending upon the individual skin condition. There are primarily three types of patterns in which Vitiligo grows. Below mentioned are the details.


In this type, Vitiligo patches appear on various body parts that later grow over time. This pattern is one of the most common ones in the world. In some cases, these spots stay the same size while in others they spread large enough to cover the limbs.


In clouding, the white patches start appearing on the skin in large sizes that slowly discolor the skin. These patches as they grow tend to merge with one another creating an even bigger patch.


In this type of spread, the patches initially appear in the form of pin dots spread across the body parts. Slowly these pin dots join each other to form a bigger patch. These patches generally appear on the forearm and back area of the body.


What Causes Vitiligo To Spread?

Vitiligo is one of those rare skin diseases that can occur due to multiple factors. The most common cause of Vitiligo spread is considered excessive consumption of Vitamin C  through food or juice. Vitamin C accelerates the spread of discolored/ white patches. Sour food like Amla, curd, yeasted or fermented food has a high proportion of Vitamin C. Many south Indian dishes like Idli, Dosa also has a high quantity of this Vitamin that can push Vitiligo to spread rapidly.

Apart from Vitamin C, a drastic variation in environmental temperature on the skin can also trigger the spread of Vitiligo. There are also cases where the vitiligo spread has happened due to physical or psychological trauma or the stage of depression. Another common cause is “autoimmunity” in which the body’s self-defense works against the skin cell killing the melanocytes that result in the stoppage of pigment production. This autoimmune gets triggered due to the patient’s eating habits, changes in the environmental temperature, excessive consumption of antibiotics, and steroids.


Does Vitiligo Stop Spreading?

The spread of vitiligo completely depends on the individual patient and the severity of the skin disease. It cannot be ascertained if Vitiligo will stop or continue spreading. In some patient, the patches created due Vitiligo remains in the same size for a long time while in some patients, the patches grow rapidly covering all the body parts.

Hence instead of anticipating if the vitiligo will stop spreading, it is better to work on consciously stopping it from spreading. To start with, the patient should stop consuming food that promotes Vitiligo spread like food high in Vitamin C.

Application of topical steroids can also stop the spread of Vitiligo while there are also surgical treatments like phototherapy, skin grafts, and depigmentation which can help in stopping and covering the Vitiligo affected skin surfaces.

To conclude Vitiligo spread has to do a lot with what we eat and what we do. If a conscious effort is made to take care of these then the Vitiligo spread can be controlled to a huge extent.

If you are looking for any further expert medical advice to treat Vtilitgo or to stop it from spreading then reach us at +91 9803-029-029. You can also fill in the enquiry form here with your contact details and one of our representatives will get in touch with you.

All About Melanocyte Cell Transplantation Procedure


Skin is one of the most visual elements of the human body and in today’s social media world, people do everything in their strength to make it shiny and flawless. In such a case a person with skin disease like vitiligo could take a toll on his/her self-esteem. However medical advancement in dermatology has given us Melanocyte cell transplantation that can cover the vitiligo patches effectively.

In this blog, we are going to cover the fundamentals of this procedure, step by step process, and the advantages of it over other procedures in the market.

What is Vitiligo?

Vitiligo is a skin-related disease in which a patch of skin starts losing color. This discolored patch keeps getting bigger over a period of time. This happens when the melanin-producing cells either die or the cells stop producing melanin. Vitiligo not only affects the skin but also hair turning it grey. This disease can happen to people of any skin color but it looks prominent on people with darker skin. Vitiligo however is not a life-threatening disease.

Related Blog: Everything You Need to Know About Vitiligo: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments


What is Melanocyte Cell Transplantation?

In order to cover the discolored skin patch caused due to vitiligo, there are different medical procedures available. However many of these medical procedures do not give the desired result. For example, a tissue graft procedure needs a vast donor skin area to extract the desired cells which might not be possible in many cases.

Melanocyte Cell Transplantation is an effective method that involves autologous cultured and non-cultured melanocytes through cell expansion without culture or melanocyte cocultures. The biggest advantage of this procedure is that there is no requirement for cell culture and the skin can be operated on in just a single 3-hour procedure.


Melanocyte Cell Transplantation Procedure

Melanocyte cell transplantation procedure can be divided into four parts. Below mentioned are the details of the procedure.

Step 1: Harvesting A Skin Graft

In this first procedure, the lateral aspect of the gluteal region is selected. This selected region is called a donor area. It has to be made sure that the donor area does not have any vitiligo patches. This area should be one-tenth of the size of the recipient area. If the patient has multiple patches on the skin that has spread across the skin then a bigger donor area is selected to harvest which should be one fifth the size of the recipient area. To avoid any chances of infection, a superficial sample is harvested using a shaving blade that’s held in straight Kocher forceps.

 Step 2: Cell Separation

In this procedure, the skin cells harvested are transferred to a petri dish that contains 5 ml of trypsin solution. It is incubated at a temperature of 37 degrees for around 45 minutes.

After 45 minutes, the action of trypsin is neutralized with trypsin inhibitor after which the epidermis is separated from the dermis and is put in a test tube that contains a solution which is a mixture of nutrient and vortex. The separated epidermis is further broken down in a petri dish and washed with DMEM/F-12 before transferring to a test tube that also has DMEM/F-12.

This test tube containing the broken down epidermis is then centrifuged for 6 minutes. The resulting supernatant is removed and the pellet that’s found at the bottom of the test tube is suspended in a 1 ml insulin syringe.

Step 3: Dermabrasion Of The Recipient Area

Once the donor epidermis is ready, the next step in the procedure is the dermabrasion of the recipient area. The recipient area is abraded with a diamond fraise wheel. The area close to the eye is abraded with a smaller wheel to avoid any eye injury. The abrasion procedure is complete when the recipient area has pinpoint bleeding. That’s when Hemostasis is achieved and the recipient area is covered with gauze pieces soaked in saline.

 Step 4: Transfer And Fixing Of Melanocyte Rich Cell Suspension

After the abrasion, the cells harvested from the donor area Is spread evenly with the use of Pasteur pipette and is later covered with collagen dressing that helps is holding the cells applied. It is further covered with liquid paraffin and gauze pieces. The doctor advises the patients to lie in the same position for at least an hour to ensure cell fixation post which the patient is shifted to another room. The patients are advised to avoid any excessive movements especially in the treated area for a minimum of six hours.


Post-Procedure Care

After the melanocyte cell transplantation procedure, the patients are advised to take complete rest for the following five days and consume nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for three days. Patients need to take care of the dressing around the operated area while making sure it does not get wet while performing activities like taking bath and going to the bathroom. The dressing in most cases is removed one week after the surgery. The patient needs to come to the clinic for checkups on week 1, week 3, and then every 3 months.

Other precautions that patients need to take include not scrubbing the operated area and use makeup only after ten days of the removal of the dressing.


Key Advantages Of Melanocyte Cell Transplantation Procedure

Below mentioned are some of the key advantages of undergoing this procedure

  • The operated area gets a great texture that matches the skin color of the patient
  • Better results compared to punch grafting and split-thickness grafting
  • Large areas can be operated in a single session using this procedure
  • The patient can use makeup as early as ten days post removal of dressing to better cover the area


The Bottom Line

To conclude melanocyte cell transplantation is one of the most effective medical procedures for vitiligo that gives great results. Minimal invasive procedure and short recovery time make this procedure ideal for most vitiligo patients.

If you need more information about melanocyte cell transplantation procedure or looking for expert advice, call us at +91 9803-029-029. You can also fill the enquiry form and one of our representatives will get in touch with you.

Look For These 5 Common Signs Of Vitiligo


There are a lot of diseases in the world that are still mysterious to doctors and scientists. One such skin disease is Vitiligo. Although we know the effects and possible treatments for vitiligo, scientists are yet to identify the exact cause of vitiligo among patients.

However, it is very important to identify vitiligo in its earliest stage to get a more effective treatment and stop it from spreading. In this blog, we are going to share five common signs of vitiligo which if you identify, should immediately consult a dermatologist.

Vitiligo affects 0.5% to 2% of people globally and hence it is a very rare condition. Just like any disease, there are few signs that the body shows in the initial stage of vitiligo.

5 Common Signs Of Vitiligo

Below mentioned is the list of five summing signs of vitiligo.

1. Change In The Color Of Eyes

Most of us know might not know but the color of our eyes comes from the pigmentation cells that are present in the iris and retina. In a Vitligo patient, these pigmentation cells in the eyes die or stop producing melanin which causes the eyes to discolor. If you see any changes in the color of your eye, you must consult a doctor.

2. Patches Appearing On The Skin

One of the most common and visible signs of vitiligo is patches appearing on the skin of the person. These patches start appearing in the areas where the pigmentation cells are dying or have stopped producing melanin which gives skin the normal color. Check your complete body in front of the mirror to see if there are any visible patches. The patches would be easily visible on a person with a darker complexion compared to a fairer one as the patches generally look white.

These patches can appear anywhere in the body but it generally starts appearing on the skin that is generally exposed to the skin like hands, feet, face, and arms. When they first appear they look lighter than the rest of the skin color. Later they turn pink when the body’s immune system attacks healthy melanocytes. Finally the affected patch most of the time becomes completely white.

3. An Already Prevailing Disease

In a study done for a period of 10 years, It was found that around 20% of patients who had vitiligo had an already prevailing autoimmune disease.

Diseases like thyroid disease and alopecia are closely related to Vitiligo. Patients with thyroid disease have 15 times more possibility of getting vitiligo that other patients while patients suffering from alopecia had 31 times more possibility of getting vitiligo.

4. White Patches Appearing Insides Of The Mouth

Another common and important sign of vitiligo appears in the inside of the mouth. The tissue inside your mouth and nose which is called a mucus membrane starts losing color when a patient is suffering from Vitiligo. If you see any changes in color inside your mouth or nose, contact your doctor immediately.

5. Greying Of Hair

The easiest signs of  Vitiligo are visible on the hair. If a patient is suffering from Vitiligo then his/her hair on the scalp starts greying prematurely. It also affects eyelashes, eyebrows, and beards which starts turning grey rapidly.  If you seeing hair turning grey prematurely then it could be an early sign of Vitiligo. It is highly advised to consult a doctor as soon as possible.

To conclude, Vitiligo is a rare disease that can trigger at any point in time. Early detection is the best way to limit the impact of Vitiligo and hence do look out for the five signs mentioned above. If you have any other doubts regarding the disease or any visible signs that are appearing on your body you can call +919803-029-029 to get the most reliable checkup and treatment. You can also fill your details below and one of our representatives will get in touch with you.

Everything You Need to Know About Vitiligo: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, and More


Vitiligo – Overview                                                                           

Vitiligo, also called ‘leucoderma’ is a type of skin condition in which the affected skin area loses its color. The skin area affected by vitiligo varies from person to person. It can even affect areas like eyes, hair, and even the interior of the mouth. The affected skin area will look white or pink in appearance.

This skin condition is completely unpredictable and in some patients, it could spread rapidly while in some it could be stable. The patch created by Vitiligo is photosensitive which means it is very sensitive to sunlight. Although vitiligo can start at any age, 95% of people who have vitiligo develop the condition before their 40th birthday.

Types of Vitiligo

There are different types of Vitiligo that vary in the way it affects the skin. Usually vitiligo manifests as multiple spots on the skin that are found on both sides of the body, most commonly in a symmetric pattern. So, if there is a spot on one side of the face, there is often a matching spot on the other side.

Vitiligo is generally categorized as below:

  • Generalized

Generalized (aka non-segmental vitiligo) is a type of Vitiligo in which the skin patch can appear anywhere on the body and there is no specific size or shape. This is the most common type of vitiligo and is also known as ‘universal’ or ‘complete’ vitiligo.

  • Segmental

Segmental type of vitiligo happens to as few as 10% of the affected population. This type spreads rapidly but is much more stable and predictable compared to non-segmental type. Segmental vitiligo is mostly found in young children (30% of children with vitiligo skin disease have a segmental type). The discoloration of the skin happens to the nerves arising in the dorsal roots of the spine.

Related Blog: Segmental Vitiligo: All You Need To Know!

  • Mucosal

As the name suggests, in this type of vitiligo, the skin of mucous membranes such as the lips, inner nose, or genital areas are affected with discoloration. If it involves the lips or other parts of the face plus the hands and/or feet, it’s called acrofacial vitiligo (“acral” means hands and feet). This is really common, since vitiligo most frequently affects the face and/or hands .

  • Focal

In this type, the skin patches either one or a few occur in a discrete area. This type of vitiligo often occurs in young children. These are the types in which the macules are in a small area and do not spread in a certain pattern within one to two years.

  • Trichome

In this type of vitiligo, the skin patch discolors at different intensity. Hence you get to see three distinct types of discolored patches in the patient. The color depends on the natural skin color of the patient.

  • Universal

This type of vitiligo is a very rare occurrence and happens to very few individuals. In this type, the entire skin of the patient depigments or discolors. Thus, if the vitiligo spreads almost every part of the body then it is Universal.


Vitiligo Symptoms

Being a skin disease, there are some symptoms that give you a clear indication that it is a Vitiligo. Understanding the symptom is very important as this would help the patient to take the early measures and medication in order to minimize the spread.

The main sign of vitiligo is pigment loss that produces milky-white patches (depigmentation) on your skin. Other common signs may include:

  • The skin area around hands, face, and other generally exposed body parts start having patchy loss of skin color.
  • The hair on the scalp, beard, eyebrows, and eyelashes start turning prematurely white or gray in color
  • The mucous membranes areas or interior part of nose and mouth particularly the tissue start losing color

Vitiligo Causes

Vitiligo is primarily caused when cells that produce pigmentation die or they stop producing melanin. Melanin is responsible for the natural color that our eyes, hair, and skin have. Because of this, certain discolored patches start appearing on the skin.

The exact reason for the cells to stop producing melanin or why do the cells die is not clear. It could be because of the following reasons:

  • Immune System Disorder

Many times the person immune system goes into autoimmune condition due to which the cells stop producing melanin thereby causing Vitiligo

  • Hereditary

It has been found that Vitiligo could be passed on to the next generation through genetics. Hence if your family member has Vitiligo, there is a chance that you might develop it as well. However the probability is just 5%, so 1 in every 20 first degree relatives of vitiligo patients can get the same skin disease.

  • Event Triggering Reaction

There are also chances of Vitiligo due to some triggering events. This could be skin exposure to extreme sunlight, Skin trauma and even due to contact with some chemicals

Also Read: What Causes Vitiligo to Spread?

Who Gets Vitiligo?

The thing about Vitiligo is that it can happen to anyone and at any age. Even after extensive research, it is not clear who exactly get this skin disease.

But it has been observed that people with a family history of Vitiligo have a substantial chance of getting it. It can also happen to a person who has a certain autoimmune disease such as rheumatoid arthritis and type 1 diabetes.


Who Treats Vitiligo?

A dermatologist can usually diagnose Vitiligo after examining the skin and will look out for signs and symptoms related to other skin conditions like psoriasis, to rule them out. The doctor will look at every area of the skin to understand which type of vitiligo you have depending upon the location of the patch.

A dermatologist will also look for symptoms associated with other skin conditions, such as psoriasis, in order to rule them out.


Vitiligo Diagnosis & Treatment

The patient is first thoroughly diagnosed by the doctor before going forward with any treatment. The common diagnosis used for Vitiligo is first understanding the person’s medical history followed by an examination of the skin with the help of specialized light. A doctor can also opt for blood tests and skin biopsy if required. The treatment for vitiligo is entirely subject to the patient’s age, the area of skin that needs treatment. The growth and speed at which vitiligo is growing is also a factor that needs to be considered.

Now through medication and light-based surgeries, you can restore the skin color but that does not guarantee that it would stay like that forever. The patches could start appearing again, hence the doctors also recommend the application of medication in order to stabilize the treatment and avoid a relapse. A patient might have to try multiple treatments to get the desired result. The procedure could take months before understanding its effect. Below mentioned are some of the treatments available for vitiligo.

A) Therapies

There are three types of therapies that a patient can undergo

  1. Light Therapy

In this therapy, narrowband ultraviolet rays are used to stop or slow the progression of active vitiligo. This procedure can prove effective when combined with corticosteroids. A patient needs to undergo this procedure two to three times a week. The result will be visible only after a month or in some cases three months while 100% result will be visible after six months.

Patients undergoing light therapy have a risk of developing skin cancer, hence it is important to consult doctors before finalizing the procedure. There are also some side effects of redness, itching, and burning on the skin.

  1. Depigmentation Therapy

This treatment is the reverse of all other therapies. Here instead of restoring the color of the affected skin, the patches that are still having natural color are depigmented to match the color of the remaining skin. This procedure is useful for someone with widespread vitiligo and a very little area remaining unaffected.

The depigmentation is permanent and the side effects of this procedure include swelling, itching, dryness, and redness in the skin.

  1. Combination Of Light And Psoralen Therapy

In this treatment, the light UV ray therapy is combined with a plant-derived substance called psoralen to achieve a natural color. The substance is either taken by mouth or applied on the affected skin and later exposed to UV light rays. This treatment is quite effective but Is tedious to administer.


B) Medications

Only medication cannot stop the spread of vitiligo, but the combination of light therapy along with medication can help. The application of corticosteroids can help in restoring the original color of the skin. There are also calcineurin inhibitor ointments like tacrolimus or pimecrolimus that reduces the effect of the immune system and slow the growth of Vitiligo. Corticosteroid can cause skin thinning or appearance of streak while ointments could cause skin cancer.


C) Surgery

If medication and therapy are not working then the patient is advised to undergo surgery. There are three types of surgery offered for vitiligo patients

  • Blister Grafting

In this procedure, a blister is created on the healthy skin area with the use of suction. Later the blistered area is transferred to the discolored area. This procedure has a risk of scars on the skin or a cobblestone look.

  • Cellular suspension transplant

In this procedure, the doctor acquires tissue from the healthy skin and puts it in a solution and later transplants it on the discolored area. You can see the result of the surgery in four weeks.

  • Skin grafting

This procedure is used for patients with small vitiligo surface. The doctor takes small sections of healthy pigmented skin and transfers it to the affected area. The side effects include cobblestone look, spotty color, etc.


Vitiligo Treatment Risk & Complications

Just like any medical surgery or treatment, there are some risks and complications involved in vitiligo treatment. Below mentioned are some of the risks you need to be aware of.

  • The treatment could cause skin cancer in the future
  • The recovered skin area could go back to its previous form in some time
  • The skin color could look patchy and unnatural post the treatment
  • Redness, swelling, and permanent scars would appear of skin post-procedure
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Vitiligo Treatment Cost

The cost of vitiligo treatment varies from patient to patient. The primary factor that drives the cost is the amount of skin area that needs to be treated, greater the area, higher would be the cost of treatment. A consultation with the doctor would give a clear idea about the cost and time required for the treatment.

  • If required consult with the doc and understand this element how they charge, and if possible we can let users know the average cost directly from the expert.
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Vitiligo Prevention

If you take necessary precautions, the probability of vitiligo disease affecting your skin can be reduced to a large extent. However, doctors cannot predict whether a person will develop the condition based on their genetic makeup.

Below mentioned are some of the preventive measures that you can take

  • Consume green leafy vegetables, fruits like apple, banana can prevent vitiligo
  • Reducing the consumption of alcohol, red meat, fish and coffee can prevent the formation of white patches
  • Drinking a lot of water can keep the skin healthy and prevent any skin disease
  • Consumption of minerals like zinc, copper, iron in your food also helps
  • Consumption of food containing vitamin B, C, amino acids and folic acids can help in the prevention of white patches
  • Skin pigmentation can also trigger due to deep wounds on the skin which loses some color. So avoiding such injuries and making sure to take immediate medical assistance is important to prevent such triggers.


Vitiligo Diet

Diet could play an important role in building your body so strong that it would resist disease like vitiligo. Because one of the reasons a person can get vitiligo due to autoimmune disease hence a strong immune system can prevent depigmentation of any kind.

Below mentioned are foods and ingredients that need to be a part of your diet

  • You should consume fruits like fig, apricot, and ripe mango
  • When it comes to vegetables, you should include green leafy vegetables like spinach. Also, beetroot, cabbage, potato, red chili are a great addition of vegetables.
  • Dairy product can be consumed for some patients while for some it may not be advisable


Vitiligo Diet Restrictions

There are also some foods and beverages that are counterproductive and could in fact reduce the immune system making it susceptible to skin diseases like Vitiligo. Below mentioned is the list of food and beverages that should be avoided:

  • Carbonated sweet drinks, packaged fruit juices, coffee and alcohol
  • Vegetables like eggplant, tomato, green chili, onion and garlic
  • Animal meat like beef, pork, and fish
  • Spices like turmeric


Vitiligo FAQs

Below mentioned are some frequently asked questions that we have tried to answer in a simple and understandable way.

Is Vitiligo a contagious disease?

No. vitiligo is not contagious. It is a genetic disease that runs in a family and keeps passing on to future generations

What is an autoimmune disorder?

When your own immune system starts attacking your organs due to multiple conditions. In the case of vitiligo, the antibodies develop and start attacking melanin-producing cells thereby creating a white patch

What does Vitiligo look like?

It looks like white patches that appear on the skin. The whiteness could vary from person to person. Vitiligo often appears bilaterally I.e if one elbow has it then the other too would soon get it.

Do you have any other questions? Do you have a patch on your skin that needs medical assistance?

Call us at +919803029029 to get an appointment with our skin doctor who could conduct a detail examination and suggest you the best solution.

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