What Is The Difference Between Vitiligo And Albinism?


What Is The Difference Between Vitiligo And Albinism?

Since the time you are born, you have pigmentation in your skin that gives it a color. When you are healthy, the skin color will appear normal. However, in specific cases, you will find the color become darker (hyperpigmentation) or go lighter (hypopigmentation). Sometimes, a person may not be born with pigmented skin. Today, you will learn more about vitiligo and albinism, and the difference between the two.

Vitiligo gets characterized by smooth, white patches on the skin. These patches can appear all over the body in some people. It is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the destruction of pigment-producing cells. Although there is no cure for vitiligo, there are several treatments available.

Albinism is a rare inherited disorder caused by a lack of a melanin-producing enzyme. As a result, there is no pigmentation in the skin, hair, or eyes. People with albinism have a defective gene that prevents the body from producing melanin. Albinism cannot get cured.

Now, since you are aware of both vitiligo and albinism, let’s explore the topic further.

 Vitiligo And Albinism: Types

Doctors typically categorize vitiligo in the following types:

    • When macules appear in multiple locations on the body, it gets referred to as generalized vitiligo.
    • Segmental vitiligo refers to a condition limited to one side of the body or one area, such as the hands or face.
    • Mucosal vitiligo affects the mucous membranes of the mouth or genitals.
    • Focal vitiligo, a rare type in which the macules are concentrated in a small area and do not spread in a predictable pattern within one to two years.
    • Trichome vitiligo denotes a white or colorless center, followed by a lighter pigmented area and then an area of normal colored skin.
    • Universal vitiligo is a rare type of vitiligo in which more than 80% of the body’s skin lacks pigment.

Albinism results from a mutation in one of the many genes in your body. Depending on that, melanin production can slow down or stop. Now, considering the specific genes affected, albinism can get split into numerous groups and types.

    • Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) gets caused by a gene mutation in one of four genes. OCA gets further classified into seven types based on variations.
    • An X-chromosome gene mutation causes X-linked ocular albinism. Males are primarily affected by X-linked ocular albinism. Although there are vision issues, the eye, hair, and skin color remain within the normal range.
    • Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome is a rare variant that is most prevalent in Puerto Rico. The symptoms are similar to those of oculocutaneous albinism, but bowel, heart, kidney, and lung diseases, as well as bleeding disorders such as hemophilia, are more likely.


Vitiligo And Albinism: Causes

Vitiligo Causes

Although the causes of vitiligo are not fully understood, there are several theories:

    • Autoimmune disorder: The immune system of the affected person may produce antibodies that destroy melanocytes.
    • Genetics: Some factors that may increase the likelihood of developing vitiligo can be inherited. About 30% of vitiligo cases are hereditary.
    • Neurogenic factors: A toxic substance to melanocytes may get released at skin nerve endings.
    • Self-destruction: Melanocytes destroy themselves due to a defect.

Albinism Causes

A genetic mutation in one of several genes causes albinism. They say that one in every 70 people carries the albinism gene. The genes in question are in charge of several aspects of melanin production, by melanocytes, in the skin and eyes.

The mutations most commonly interfere with the enzyme tyrosinase (tyrosine 3-monooxygenase). This enzyme is responsible for the synthesis of melanin from the amino acid tyrosine.

Melanin production can be slowed or completely stopped depending on the mutation. There are always issues with the visual system, no matter how much interference with melanin production. It is because melanin is essential for the retina and the optic nerve pathways development from the eye to the brain.

Vitiligo And Albinism: Risk Factors

Vitiligo Risk Factors

Because the skin has lost its melanin, it no longer has its characteristic color. Melanocytes, the pigment-forming cells, have been destroyed for unknown reasons. We have no idea why this occurs. It could be an autoimmune condition in which your body’s defenses attack your cells rather than invading germs.

Vitiligo may be inherited. You’re more likely to get it if someone else in your family has it or if people in your family have premature grey hair.

Albinism Risk Factors

The most common physical issues associated with albinism are a higher risk of sunburn and skin cancer.

Furthermore, some people are dealing with serious social issues. Bullying at school is one example. Individuals may feel like an outsider due to the constant targeting because of their appearance. Stress, low self-esteem, and isolation can result from these social factors.


Vitiligo And Albinism: Symptoms

Vitiligo Symptoms

Vitiligo symptoms and signs include the following:

  • Skin discoloration occurs in patches. It involves your eyes as well as the mucous membranes in your mouth and nose.
  • Patches of hair on your head or face turn grey or white before their time.

Albinism Symptoms

Albinism’s primary symptoms include changes in the skin, hair, eye color, and vision.

  • A lighter skin tone is the most obvious sign, but skin tone does not always differ significantly. Melanin levels in some people gradually increase over time, darkening skin tone as the personages.
  • The individual’s hair color may gradually darken as they age.
  • Eyes, too, can change with age, ranging from very light blue to brown. Low melanin levels in the iris cause the eyes to appear slightly translucent and, in certain lighting conditions, red or pink as light reflects off the retina at the back of the eye.
  • Albinism always affects vision. It could cause astigmatism, myopia, photophobia, and many other eye-related conditions.


Vitiligo And Albinism: Diagnosis

Vitiligo Diagnosis

During a physical exam, your doctor can usually diagnose vitiligo by looking at your skin. You might also need to take additional tests, such as blood tests and:

  • A skin biopsy procedure in which a sample of your skin gets sent to a laboratory for further examination.
  • A Wood’s lamp test, in which a doctor examines your skin under UV light.

Albinism Diagnosis

The most common method of diagnosing albinism is through a physical examination. Others include:

  • Changes in skin and hair pigmentation get discussed.
  • An expert (ophthalmologist) examines the eyes and compares the individual’s coloration to that of the family members.
  • Other diseases can also cause pigmentation changes, but they will not cause vision changes.

Albinism is very likely to be the cause if both pigment changes and vision changes are present. Genetic testing is the most reliable way to diagnose albinism. It is not always necessary in families with a history of albinism.


Vitiligo And Albinism: Treatment

Vitiligo Treatment

Vitiligo has no known cure. The goal of medical treatment is to achieve a uniform skin tone. Either by restoring color (repigmentation) or removing any remaining of it (depigmentation). The most common treatment options include the following:

  • Camouflage therapy
  • Repigmentation therapy
  • Light therapy
  • Surgery
  • Counselling

Albinism Treatment

There are no cures for this disease because it is genetic. Treatment focuses on reducing symptoms and monitoring for changes. It is critical to receive proper eye care if you have vision problems. It includes the following:

  • spectacles on prescription
  • sunglasses with a dark tint to protect the eyes from the sun
  • regular eye examinations

You should also watch out for any changes to your skin and use sun protection at all times.

Albinism does not deteriorate with age. A child with albinism can thrive and achieve the same education and employment as someone who does not have the condition.


Vitiligo And Albinism: Who Is Affected?


Vitiligo is a disease caused by the immune system attacking melanocytes. As a result, no pigment gets produced, resulting in white spots. Your genetic makeup can predispose you to vitiligo at birth, but the white spots don’t appear on your skin until a chance event occurs. It could happen either internally (which is unknown) or externally, such as a stressful triggering event.


Albinism is present from birth as the patient inherits a faulty gene required for melanin production. As a result, melanocytes are present throughout the skin, but because they fail to produce pigment, the skin remains completely white.


When To See A Doctor?

The two conditions get dealt with in different ways. Pigment loss in vitiligo can often get concealed by repigmentation with light therapy. Albinism, on the other hand, gets hard to cover. It is because lack of pigment usually affects the entire body. The only way to deal with it is to protect your skin and eyes from the sun.

By taking the time to understand both these skin conditions extensively, you will raise awareness and help others understand them better. However, if you have further questions, you need to reach out to the right source. To learn more about albinism and vitiligo, speak with your doctor.

At Dr. Paul’s Skin Laser Centre, you will find treatment and consultation for all your skin and hair problems with experts in the industry. With the latest technologies and equipment, you will find yourself in safe hands should you choose to opt for any specific type of therapy. Even when it comes to vitiligo treatment, you will receive efficient solutions that address all your concerns. Therefore, if you choose to opt for vitiligo treatment or learn more about albinism, fill up our online form on the website.

Can Segmental Vitiligo Be Cured?


What Is Segmental Vitiligo?

Based on the distribution of depigmented areas, you can recognize two distinct variants of vitiligo. They are generalized or bilateral (non-segmental vitiligo) and localized or unilateral (segmental vitiligo). Segmental vitiligo remains unique and uncommon, characterized by dermatomal distribution. Due to its unilateral and asymmetrical nature, it never crosses the midline of your body.

In segmental vitiligo, the depigmented spots spread quickly in the affected areas and suddenly halt their growth. More often than not, the melanocytes in your hair follicles can get impacted, too, resulting in leukotrichia. Now, depending on the extent of spread, your dermatologist will weigh the treatment options and recommend one that might work the best for you.

Today, you will learn more about the different treatment options for segmental vitiligo and how they work.

Also Read: Segmental Vitiligo: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Segmental Vitiligo Cure

Usually, medical therapy gets considered as an exclusive therapy for vitiligo. You will find two options that have worked in the past to treat localized or segmental vitiligo. Dermatologists use topical corticosteroids and topical immunomodulators like calcineurin inhibitors as treatment options. However, in recent times, non-medical therapies like phototherapy and UVB laser have come to the fore.

Is Segmental Vitiligo Curable?

Like in many other medical cases, early detection holds the key to finding an appropriate cure or treatment option. Therefore, in the case of segmental vitiligo, it’s no different. Once you notice any signs or symptoms of vitiligo, make sure you consult your skin specialist right away to get the treatment underway.

As you know, the permanent end to melanocytes leads to depigmentation, thus vitiligo. So, the cure or treatment of vitiligo involves re-pigmentation of the area that’s affected. Earlier, topical therapies, such as topical corticosteroids, among others, saw better results. However, now you will find narrowband UVB therapy and phototherapy working well for segmental vitiligo.

Although you may not find a permanent cure for segmental vitiligo, combination therapies help. They work in the proper distribution of melanocytes on your body. Since it affects the hair follicles, treatment procedures like hair follicular transplant help re-pigment the vitiligo patches.

Another therapy that might work in curing or treating segmental vitiligo is – melanocyte-keratinocyte transplant procedure (MKTP). Since segmental vitiligo stops its spread after a while, this treatment allows melanocyte transplantation as the immune cells do not kill the new ones that get produced. However, this procedure takes a few sessions to begin working as your dermatologist has to figure if the segmental vitiligo remains stable. Either way, transplanting melanocytes can get done with the help of the following procedures:

    • Punch grafts
    • Split thickness skin grafts
    • Blister grafts
    • Cellular grafts

According to some studies, cellular grafts seem to be working well in the treatment of segmental vitiligo.

When To See A Doctor?

When it comes to any health issue, the symptoms become your first sign that you need to visit a doctor. Similarly, if you find flat white patches or spots on your skin along with irregularly shaped patches or inflamed edges, you need to consult a dermatologist immediately.

While segmental vitiligo does not cause discomfort, it can affect your mindset due to various reasons. Therefore, seeking help at the right time might prevent you from any physical or psychological distress.


Any physical or health issue needs proper care and treatment at the correct time. Therefore, if you wish for your segmental vitiligo to get cured, you need to reach out to a qualified and certified dermatologist who can help you with it. Apart from the physical appearance, segmental vitiligo can cause some psychological effect on you. So, the doctor considers all these parameters before recommending the appropriate treatment method.

At Dr. Paul’s Skin Laser Centre, you will find treatment and consultation for all your skin and hair problems with experts in the industry. With the latest technologies and equipment, you will find yourself in safe hands should you choose to opt for any specific type of therapy. Even when it comes to segmental vitiligo treatment, you will receive efficient solutions that address all your concerns. Therefore, if you choose to opt for vitiligo treatment, give us a call at +919803-029-029 or fill up our online form on the website.

Segmental Vitiligo: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment


What Is Segmental Vitiligo?

Usually, when you paint a picture in your head about any human being, you see them with uniform skin color. However, sometimes you will come across some people that have experienced a loss of natural skin color. They have patches of white in some parts or all over their bodies. These white patches essentially denote loss of pigment.

The loss of pigment or depigmentation gets termed vitiligo. Vitiligo gets divided into mainly two categories – non-segmental vitiligo and segmental vitiligo. The difference lies in the area it affects and other such traits.

Today, you will learn more about segmental vitiligo and how it typically affects a person in the early stages of life, anytime from infancy to adulthood. You will also find out the causes, symptoms, and treatment administered to reduce depigmentation in the affected parts of your body.

Related Blog: Vitiligo Guide: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, and More

Segmental Vitiligo In Children

Segmental vitiligo gets recognition as a separate entity. It has varied differences from generalized or non-segmental vitiligo. Due to its early onset and progressive development of patches or macules, segmental vitiligo gets characterized by segmented patterns on the skin over 6-24 months, followed by rapid stabilization.

The main distinguishing factor lies in its unilateral distribution (where lesions do not cross the midline). The underlying cause of segmental vitiligo remains debatable. But it usually occurs due to an autoimmune response to melanocytes. The majority of segmental vitiligo cases occur from infancy to adulthood, usually before 30 years of age. While the affected skin remains asymptomatic, it could get affected due to sunburns. Moreover, it remains highly uncommon and can affect up to 5% of adults and up to 20% of children.

Related Blog: Vitiligo In Children: Early Signs, Causes And Treatment

Segmental Vitiligo Symptoms

When you get vitiligo – whether segmental or generalized – it affects the significant parts of the body. It can affect your skin, hair (scalp, eyebrows, beard, eyelashes), eyes, inside of the mouth, or even genitals.

Flat white patches or spots on the skin can get characterized as the only symptom of segmental vitiligo. The first time you might notice spots or patches is when your skin gets exposed to the sun. Other signs include:

  • Slightly pale spots or patches that eventually turn white
  • Irregularly shaped patches or a spot
  • Inflamed edges with a slight red tone, sometimes resulting in itchiness

Most times, segmental vitiligo does cause any discomfort, irritation, or soreness in the skin. However, it affects only a handful of people and does not spread as quickly as generalized vitiligo (which impacts larger areas of your skin).

Segmental Vitiligo Causes

While the exact cause of segmental vitiligo remains unknown, you could find a few factors that may be behind its occurrence. Although it affects only 0.5-2% of the world’s population, if you have vitiligo or know someone who does, the causes may help you to reason and understand its treatment.


    • Melanocytes within the skin reduce or die-off
    • Reduction in the production of skin pigment – melanin
    • Autoimmune disorder or virus
    • If your body’s nervous system goes awry (especially in the case of segmental vitiligo)

Although these causes could cause segmental vitiligo, studies do not yet show why it happens. However, it can affect people across the world of all skin colors and races.

Segmental Vitiligo Treatment

Since segmental vitiligo remains confined to one section of your body, determining the treatment guidelines gets easier. However, response to any treatment depends on how well your body gets accustomed to it. Most often, the treatment for segmental vitiligo includes both medical and surgical therapies. But, surgical treatment remains limited to the response you get via medical treatment. If it fails, your dermatologist may suggest surgical methods to improve the appearance of your skin.

The treatment for segmental vitiligo gets administered in two stages – the first line of treatment and the second line of treatment. The first line of treatment includes:

  1. Topical corticosteroids: You can gain some skin color back with the help of topical corticosteroid creams. Depending on the diagnosis, they alone may work for you very well, or the doctor might prescribe combination therapy.
  2. Topical immunomodulators: Calcineurin inhibitors have gained quite the reputation when it comes to their efficacy. Even the use of topical vitamin D analogs along with immunomodulators may work to reduce the appearance of white patches on your skin.
  3. Narrowband UVB therapy: It works very well in segmental vitiligo treatment as the UV light emitted focuses on small, targeted areas of your body. You may require two to three sessions of NB-UVB therapy per week for a few months for it to work. Again, this depends on the diagnosis.
  4. Phototherapy: It requires the use of both psoralen and UVA light to restore your skin color. It can treat both generalized and segmental vitiligo effectively. However, opt for this therapy only if advised by your doctor.

If the first line of treatment fails to garner the desired results, your doctor might suggest surgical therapy – the second line of treatment. It includes:

    • Epidermal grafting
    • Mini-grafting
    • Transplantation of epidermal cell suspensions

While you may not always find the entire affected area of your skin to get re-pigmented, reducing the appearance of white spots or patches remains the ultimate goal. Any treatment requires an understanding of the skin condition, the extent of its spread, and a proper diagnosis and examination, which will lead to the most suitable form of treatment. Therefore, the responsibility of identifying and diagnosing segmental vitiligo lies with the skincare practitioner, who can share the right treatment method for you. Mostly, if you get affected with vitiligo, the cells that produce melanin die-off, thus regaining the loss may not always yield the needed results. However, if you detect segmental vitiligo early on, you can curb its spread and get the necessary treatment at the earliest.

Segmental Vitiligo Vs Non-Segmental Vitiligo

The primary difference between segmental and non-segmental vitiligo is that the former does not usually occur in response to autoimmune disorders (opposed to the latter). You will find a few more differences listed between the two below:

Segmental VitiligoNon-segmental Vitiligo
Early age of onsetVariable age of onset
Unilateral in natureBilateral in nature
Spreads rapidly and stabilizes in a few yearsTakes a chronic and progressive course
Predictable spread of white patchesUnpredictable spread of white patches
High percentage of white hair in the early stages of the diseaseVariable percentage of white hair of lesional skin
Satisfactory response to autologous graftingUnpredictable response after autologous grafting
Not associated with autoimmune diseaseOften associated with personal or family history of autoimmune disease


Although the difference between the two remains clear, you need to remember that vitiligo isn’t contagious.

Does Segmental Vitiligo Spread?

The uniqueness of segmental vitiligo remains in the fact that it does not cross the midline. Although it spreads rather quickly, more so than other forms of vitiligo, it stops in six months to a year. This characteristic of segmental vitiligo causes fears among those affected as it can make you feel as though the white patches may cover your entire body. However, the spread stops abruptly and could remain stable for the rest of your life.

Additionally, segmental vitiligo frequently turns the hair in the affected spot white quite quickly. Now, vitiligo spots with white hair do not usually respond very well to treatment. The reason behind it is that the melanocyte stem cells, which could produce more melanocytes, live in the hair follicles but most likely get destroyed if the hair turns white with vitiligo.

Is Segmental Vitiligo Curable?

Vitiligo is a skin condition that remains mostly uncurable. However, some specific therapies and treatments can help curb its spread. In the case of segmental vitiligo, medical treatment like topical corticosteroids or light therapy may work. They may reduce the appearance of white patches. However, in recent light, surgical treatment has come to the fore in helping you restore skin color with melanocyte-keratinocyte transplant procedure (MKTP).

Remember, early detection and prompt treatment can help cure segmental vitiligo. However, avoid self-diagnosis. If you see any signs or symptoms of segmental or non-segmental vitiligo, consult a skin specialist or dermatologist who can help you get to the bottom of it.

Read more: Can Segmental Vitiligo Be Cured?

Is Segmental Vitiligo Hereditary?

As you know, segmental vitiligo does not associate with autoimmune disorders or diseases. The usual cause remains difficulties in your body’s nervous system. However, since the primary reason is unknown, you might find vitiligo to occur due to hereditary characteristics (in some cases).

But only a proper diagnosis will help determine the exact cause of segmental vitiligo and its subsequent treatment. You might have to share your medical history and go through a physical exam to examine the cause and help the dermatologist administer a successful treatment.

How To Identify Segmental Vitiligo?

The single identification factor or sign of segmental vitiligo is that the white patches remain localized in one area of your body without crossing the midline. Usually, it spreads quickly. But after it halts, it remains permanent for most of your life. You will not find segmental vitiligo to affect all of your body.

Another sign of segmental vitiligo is that the hair in the affected area turns white due to the loss of melanocytes that rest in the hair follicles.

When To See A Doctor?

As soon as you notice any signs that indicate that you may have segmental vitiligo, you have to see a doctor immediately. In most skin conditions or otherwise, early detection is the crucial factor. Therefore, if you find any white patches or spots on your body, consult a dermatologist to help with its diagnosis and treatment.

Remember, only a qualified dermatologist or skin specialist can help you with the problem. So, find one that has renowned qualifications and substantial experience in the field of dermatology.


In conclusion, segmental vitiligo remains the less common type of vitiligo. However, the line of treatment suggested can help with the cure to a great extent. Being concentrated in one area allows the doctor to conduct a proper diagnosis and eventual treatment method, thus reducing the appearance of white patches or spots on your skin.

One thing you must remember, if you notice any signs or symptoms of vitiligo, you need to consult the dermatologist immediately. In most cases, early detection of any skin condition helps with the treatment process and sometimes may cure it altogether.

At Dr. Paul’s Skin Laser Centre, you will find treatment and consultation for all your skin and hair problems with experts in the industry. With the latest technologies and equipment, you will find yourself in safe hands should you choose to opt for any specific type of therapy. Even when it comes to segmental vitiligo treatment, you will receive efficient solutions that address all your concerns. Therefore, if you choose to opt for vitiligo treatment, give us a call at +919803-029-029 or fill up our online form on the website.

Is Vitiligo Hereditary or Genetic?


Vitiligo is a skin condition that causes patchy loss of skin pigmentation and makes it appear pinkish or white. It affects certain body parts first, giving the person a patchy look and tends to progress over time, affecting larger areas of skin or even the entire body. It is an autoimmune disease and on an average affects 1 in 100 people.


What Is Autoimmune Disease?

 To understand this better, let’s understand vitiligo and autoimmunity better. The colour of our skin is because of a pigment called melanin, which is produced by the cells melanocytes. In vitiligo, the body mistakes melanocytes as foreign bodies and kills them, leading to loss of colour. People with this condition have a confused immune system and also carry the risk of having other autoimmune diseases such as lupus, hypothyroidism, and inflammatory bowel disease.


Is Vitiligo Genetic or Hereditary?

Though these words are used interchangeably a lot of times, there is a slight difference in these that determine the type of the disease. Genetic diseases are the ones that are caused by either a defect in a certain gene or set of genes or due to genetic mutation in the body. However, hereditary diseases are the ones that are passed on to an individual through their ancestors in the form of their genetic makeup.

The genetic makeup of an individual result in the formation of various proteins, which lead to physical and genetic variations in every person. So, different variations in genes mean different instructions and hence, slightly different proteins. These resulting proteins look and act differently in every individual and some may affect the melanocytes, thus causing vitiligo.

However, there is no profound evidence on what exactly causes vitiligo or how it appears at any age, in any gender. However, it is said that vitiligo ‘runs in families’, which means it has some genetic basis to it but the inheritance of the disease is multifactorial and involves the interaction of multiple genes combined with multiple other causative factors. Hence, it cannot be said with complete certainty whether the person with a family history of vitiligo will develop it or not. In fact, only 30% of people with vitiligo have a family member suffering from it.


Vitiligo is Genetic

Since everything revolves around the genetic makeup of an individual, it is safe to say that it is a genetic phenomenon, which is further triggered by environmental factors, stress, UV rays, hormonal changes exposure to chemicals, history of other autoimmune diseases, etc.

Researchers still haven’t found out if there is one particular gene or genetic sequence that results in vitiligo but none so far. In fact, we people suffering from vitiligo don’t have any special genes that other people don’t have. It’s just the different variations of those similar genes that result in different types of vitiligo.

So, genes do play a role in causing this diseases since autoimmune diseases are an effect on mutation in genes and there is evidence of hereditary but it is a complicated disease that doesn’t follow the regular hereditary pattern of compulsorily passing on of genes. Which means, a person having vitiligo might not necessarily pass it on to his or her children. Hence, it is safe to say that genes are involved in causing vitiligo but may or may not pass down as a hereditary disease.


What Should You Do?

Kindly consult a dermatologist with an experience in vitiligo and find out the desired course of action. Please do not get overwhelmed by your family’s history since there is no test or procedure to know if you will develop it in future or if you are carrying it.

We highly recommend that you visit an experienced dermatologist immediately after you see the first signs of vitiligo and make necessary changes in your lifestyle. To know more, kindly visit: www.skinlasercentre.com or call 09803029029.

Vitiligo In Children: Early Signs, Causes And Treatment


What Is Vitiligo?

Vitiligo is a skin condition where patches of skin lose their pigment and become pink or white in colour. It can appear on different parts of the body because the cells, melanocytes, that create the skin pigment melanin get destroyed. Vitiligo can also affect the mucous membrane such as tissues inside the mouth, nose and eyes, leading to white patches.

Our skin colour is determined by the amount of melanin produced by the active melanocytes in the body. When these active cells are killed, they stop producing melanin and the site where they are attacked, lose its pigmentation thus appearing white.

Related Blog: Everything You Need to Know About Vitiligo


Vitiligo in Children:

Vitiligo is an autoimmune disease, where the cells of the body consider its own cells as foreign and attack them. A similar thing happens in vitiligo where the body cells confuse melanocytes as foreign bodies and attack them.

Children with autoimmune disease also run a risk of suffering from other autoimmune diseases such as thyroid, diabetes, and Addison’s disease. This is why kids suffering from vitiligo need to be taken special care of at all times. Even if it is not a life-threatening condition, it can be mentally and emotionally scarring. So, make sure you give your child the love and support they need and make them feel beautiful in every way you can.


Signs and Symptoms of Vitiligo in Kids:

The first signs of vitiligo in kids are white patches on the skin that are commonly found on the hands, feet, arms, face, and lips. Sometimes, vitiligo in babies also results in whitening of hair. In some children, vitiligo patches don’t spread whereas in some children, it spreads rapidly all over the body.

These are common signs and symptoms of vitiligo in kids:

  • The skin of a child with vitiligo start losing its colour and appear lighter than natural skin colour. The loss could be in patches and then spread all over.
  • One more early symptom of vitiligo in children is premature whitening or greying of hair without any other known underlying condition. Whitening or greying could occur on the hair of the head, eyebrows, and eyelashes.
  • Vitiligo tends to first show its symptoms in the crevices and cavities. First signs of vitiligo in kids could also be hypopigmentation in the oral and nasal cavity
  • Sometimes, vitiligo also affects the colour of the inner layer of the eyes that is of the retina and it could be easy to notice since the change in eye colour seldom occurs during young age.

 Related Blog: Look for These 5 Common Signs of Vitiligo


Causes of Vitiligo in Children:

Since it is an autoimmune disease, the cause of vitiligo is still unknown in children. Even though it is a genetic disease caused by a mutation in genes or genome (set of genes) and is usually said to be ‘running in the family’, it is not necessarily a hereditary disease. So, if you have vitiligo, you can’t be sure if it’ll be passed on to your child. The exact cause for melanocyte dysfunction is yet to be discovered but it could be due to:

  • Though vitiligo is known to be a genetic disorder, it has been seen that vitiligo often appears in the kids of people already suffering from vitiligo. Hence, one major reason could be hereditary passing on of the disorder.
  • Autoimmunity is a disorder where the body confuses melanocytes as an outside antigen, letting the immune system destroy them. Hence, the presence of autoimmunity in a child can lead to vitiligo along with other autoimmune diseases
  • Though research has yet not satisfactorily found out the exact cause of vitiligo in kids, it has been seen that certain environmental factors such as sunburn, stress, exposure to chemicals play an active role in causing the disorder.

No matter the cause, whether autoimmunity or hereditary, vitiligo is definitely not a contagious disease and your child can’t have it by coming in contact with someone with vitiligo.

Related Blog: What Causes Vitiligo to Spread?

Vitiligo Treatment For Children

Vitiligo has no 100% effective cure, and some patches might even disappear without any treatment. But there is no medical treatment that will make the pigmentation stop. There are some treatments that can reduce the inflammation caused by vitiligo and help even out the skin tone, but the results vary from child to child.

Usually, the first line of treatment for vitiligo in kids is a topical medication that are either corticosteroids or immune modulators. Some doctors may recommend light treatments of phototherapy to reduce the inflammation.

Here are some most common treatments for vitiligo in children:

1. Topical treatment: Certain creams, ointments and dermatologist prescribes lotions to be applied topically can help even out the skin tone and prevent the spread of vitiligo in children

2. Mineral complex cream: Mineral complex creams with vitamins, amino acids and minerals help keep the immunity stronger and repair the skin

3. Sun protection: Several sunscreen creams and gels with higher SPF and UVA and UVB protection are often prescribed by dermatologists to curb the skin sensitivity after examining the cause and results of vitiligo in kids

4. Oral vitamins supplements: In case of vitiligo in babies when critical following of diet is not possible, several oral supplements are prescribed in order to boost the immunity

5. Steroid pulse therapy: This is an effective treatment method to arrest the progression of vitiligo and induce spontaneous repigmentation of the skin.

6 Phototherapy: It includes recurrent exposure to UVA and UVB after taking a medicine that makes skin sensitive to light. Though it is quite an extensive treatment and requires frequent clinic visits, it is still one of the highly used treatments to treat vitiligo.


Vitiligo in Children Prevention

Since there is no way to predetermine if the child has vitiligo or not, there isn’t a preventive treatment that is available for vitiligo. However, some people have prevented the spread of vitiligo by applying certain tips and lifestyle changes. Though these have different results on different people, some can be used for kids and help prevent the spread:

1. Water is said to be the ultimate elixir because it keeps our skin hydrated, helps throw the toxins out of the body and keeps the body active. Hence, drinking a lot of water to boost the immune system is said to be one of the solutions to prevent vitiligo in children

2. As mentioned in the causes of vitiligo, the sun plays an important role in the occurrence of vitiligo in babies. Hence, it is important to avoid excess exposure to heat and sun to prevent the disorder

3. Though it is not always possible to avoid stepping out in the sun, one must take extreme precautions such as applying and reapplying sunscreen, covering the exposed body parts with clothing and keeping the body hydrated out in the sun to prevent vitiligo in kids

4. Preventive measures for vitiligo in kids also extend to preventing the spread of the disorder. Hence, consuming good, nutritious food and making necessary dietary changes is must to reduce the inflammation, pain and spread of vitiligo


Vitiligo in Children Diet

What children consume have a huge impact on their growth, development and immunity. Providing them nutrient-rich food and helping them strengthen their immunity is the way to go ahead in case of vitiligo.

Here are some simple dietary changes to be made in kids suffering from vitiligo:

1. Consuming green leafy vegetables and fruits like banana and apple can help contribute a holistic diet in children, which in turn increases the immunity of kids suffering from vitiligo

2. Consuming food rich in Vitamin B, Vitamin C, amino acids and folic acid help repair the cells and help curb the spread of vitiligo in kids

3. Having foods rich in minerals such as calcium, iron and magnesium is a great way to support the growth of body and its immunity thus allowing the cells to function better and suppress autoimmune conditions if any

4. It is a must for children with vitiligo to avoid junk food which contributes fats and sugar in the body. These worsen the immunity further and can boost the spread of vitiligo.


Is Vitiligo Curable in Children?

Vitiligo is not a curable disease and has no effective treatment in kids. Sometimes, vitiligo stops spreading or even the patches could go away on their own but there is no guarantee of that happening in every individual. Hence, doctors may prescribe certain treatments to see what works for treating vitiligo in that particular child and may suggest treatment accordingly.


There are also treatments to help even out the skin tone and give a uniform skin colour to the kid. However, since conditions and genetic make of children are very different, no two cases can be the same. Hence, a cure that works for one might not work at all for another child. However, there are various treatments to reduce the spread and certain preventive measure to help reduce the inflammation.


Which Parts Does Vitiligo Affect In Children?

The early signs of vitiligo in kids are small white dots and small patches on the arms and legs. Hence, if there is even a remote history of vitiligo in your family, pay extra attention to the occurrence of these patches in your child and keep an eye on early signs.

Though vitiligo can happen anywhere on the body, it’s more likely to happen on areas of skin that are:

  • Areas of skin that are more exposed to the sun, such as face and hands, are more susceptible to vitiligo patches in children. These parts are often not covered and hence are the first to show early symptoms
  • As much as exposure to the sun is harmful, it is equally important for skin to get air to breathe. Which is why, areas with folds in the body, such as the elbows, knees and groin are susceptible to vitiligo patches due to insufficient cleaning and breathing space.
  • The skin around body openings such as the eyes, nostrils and belly button are more prone to loss of skin colour since the skin around these places is thin and highly sensitive.


Bottom Line

Even though vitiligo in babies is not a life-threatening condition, it can scar them for life. Hence, make sure to give them the emotional and psychological support they need. Once they are a little older, make them understand what the condition is and encourage them to join help groups in order to make them feel confident about themselves.

Initial treatments for vitiligo in children need to be done only after a thorough consultation with a doctor. Please remember that not every patch of skin discolouration is a result of vitiligo and hence need to be confirmed with a dermatologist before directly jumping onto the treatments.

Vitiligo in kids needs special care and treatment and a good dermatologist with experience in treating vitiligo can give you quite good results. At Dr. Paul’s Skin Laser Centre, we have treated multiple cases of vitiligo and patients have had successful results over the years. For more information, diagnosis, or treatment of vitiligo, just call us on 09803029029 or fill this form and one of our dedicated team members will contact you at the earliest.

Inner Thigh Stretch Marks: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment


Stretch Marks On Inner Thighs – Overview

The appearance of stretch marks on any part of your body can get discomforting. It’s a sign that your body has changed. The primary reason behind the development of stretch marks is weight gain as your skin gets stretched beyond its limit.

When it comes to stretch marks on your inner thighs, you should know that it does not indicate an underlying health issue, for most times. However, the possibility of them getting difficult to treat increases if you don’t seek treatment right away. You will find stretch marks on your inner thighs to appear as red, white, or purple scars, and you can reduce their appearance by opting for a specific set of treatments or adopt preventive measures to avoid its recurrence.

Today, you will learn more about the causes, symptoms, preventive measures, and treatment options for stretch marks on inner thighs.


Who Gets Stretch Marks On Inner Thighs?

People who have recently gained a considerable amount of weight or a spurt in muscle growth and vice versa can cause a strain on your skin, leading to stretch marks. Usually, when the middle layer of the skin – dermis – gets stretched, stretch marks can occur.

You will find people with sudden growth spurts and women during pregnancy developing stretch marks on the inner thighs. Some medical conditions or side effects of specific medications can result in stretch marks. According to some studies, the occurrence of stretch marks in females is twice as common than males. They can appear at any time between the ages of 5 and 50 years.

Therefore, understanding the causes of stretch marks on your inner thighs will give you an insight into its preventive measures and treatment methods.


What Causes Stretch Marks On Your Inner Thighs?

As you already know, stretch marks appear on your inner thighs due to a sudden shift in weight – weight gain or loss. While this may be the primary cause of stretch marks, there are plenty of other conditions or aspects that trigger their appearance. Even a family history of stretch marks and a persistent smoking habit increases your chances of developing stretch marks.

However, the most common causes of stretch marks on your inner thighs include:

  • Weight gain or loss
  • Pregnancy
  • Growth spurts
  • Muscle growth
  • Distinct medical conditions
  • A side effect of particular medicines

Some researchers have shown that pregnant women with a large abdominal circumference may develop stretch marks, given the stretching of skin that comes with a pregnant belly. Additionally, some secondary causes could also lead to stretch marks, such as:

  • Prolonged antibiotic therapy
  • Contraceptives
  • Surgery
  • Corticosteroids
  • Chemotherapy
  • Neuroleptics

Given the numerous causes of stretch marks, seeking treatment early on is one of the first steps you can take towards preventing its recurrence.

How Are Stretch Marks On Inner Thighs Treated?

Whether it’s combination therapy or specific treatment, since there’s no fixed cure for stretch marks on inner thighs, doctors or dermatologists suggest either of these treatment methods. The principle approach towards the treatment of stretch marks is to soften its appearance. Generally, topical treatments and laser procedures work wonders in reducing stretch marks.

The standard treatment options include:

  • Vitamin-rich lotions, oils, and moisturizers
  • Exfoliation
  • Prescribed topical creams
  • Collagen therapy
  • Laser therapy
  • Microdermabrasion

While getting treated for stretch marks may reduce its appearance, you should also focus on some preventive measures that make sure they do not recur after treatment.


How Can You Prevent Stretch Marks On Inner Thighs?

You cannot predict the occurrence of stretch marks. They can appear out of nowhere and stay as long as you don’t seek treatment. However, besides treatment options, you can also follow some preventive measures that will help you reduce the risk of developing them altogether. While you cannot avoid particular causes, such as pregnancy, you can still prevent them by following the below measures.

  1. Avoid sudden shifts in weight and keep it steady.
  2. Drink plenty of water throughout the day.
  3. Eat foods rich in zinc like nuts and fish, and other foods rich in vitamins A, C, and D.
  4. Avoid crash diets and eat healthy, balanced meals at all times of the day.


How To Remove Stretch Marks On Inner Thighs?

If you notice stretch marks on your inner thighs or other parts of your body, you should consult a dermatologist or skincare specialist right away. While preventive measures may help reduce the risk of developing stretch marks, you cannot dismiss some causes that may somehow increase this risk. More importantly, if you already have stretch marks, only an expert can help you remove or reduce their appearance. Treatments such as:

  • Anti-inflammatory therapy
  • Non-surgical procedures
  • Platelet-rich plasma therapy can help in the removal process of stretch marks.

Even over-the-counter creams may work in some cases. But, you must not opt for OTC products or treatment unless advised to do so by an expert dermatologist or skin care specialist. You will avoid further aggravation and prevent any side effects if you follow the doctor’s advice.



Although unsightly, stretch marks are usually harmless. However, if the appearance of stretch marks bothers you, you can always seek treatment. You should know that there are plenty of causes of stretch marks, and while you cannot avoid some, you can prevent others, such as sudden weight gain or loss, unhealthy lifestyle, etc.

Stretch marks on your inner thighs do not pose a grave health issue, but if you notice other symptoms alongside, you should consult with a qualified dermatologist to get to the bottom of the problem.

At Dr. Paul’s Skin Laser Centre, you will find treatment and consultation for all your skin and hair problems with experts in the industry. With the latest technologies and equipment, you will find yourself in safe hands should you choose to opt for any specific type of therapy. Even when it comes to stretch marks treatment, you will receive efficient solutions that will address all your concerns. Therefore, if you choose to opt for stretch marks removal treatment, give us a call at 09803029029 or fill up our online form on the website.

Stretch Marks on Back: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments


Stretch Marks On Back: Overview

In today’s world where everything boils down to an individual’s social media presence, putting the best foot forward has become the main focus of a person’s life. But, as flawless as we want to appear to the society, there are some not so aesthetically pleasing but natural looking skin issues we end up facing despite our numerous attempts at preventing them.

One such issues is stretch marks. Those long, narrow streaks, stripes or lines that are predominantly visible on areas of your body, like the stomach, thighs, hips, breasts, upper arms and lower back are known as stretch marks. They are extremely common and develop when your skin is stretched beyond its natural limit, hence the name stretch marks.

They can be caused by pregnancy, puberty or rapid weight gain in a short period of time. The marks initially develop as wrinkly, raised streaks that can be red, purple, pink, reddish-brown or dark brown, depending on the skin colour. The streaks eventually fade and flatten and tend to change to a silvery colour over time.

In this blog, we talk about the causes, symptoms and treatments you can undergo to diminish stretch marks over time.

Who Gets Stretch Marks On Back?

An estimated 50% to 90% of women have stretch marks, but men can get them, too. It is also commonly seen on breasts, thighs, hips, or buttocks in teen girls and lower back or hips in boys.

Stretch marks developing on the back are more common than you think. They develop during puberty from growth spurts and are more prevalent in men than in women. But irrespective of the gender, both men and women experience them if they have put on weight in a short span of time.

Stretch marks take on a silvery appearance as they age. They’re most likely to be where your body stores fat

What Causes Stretch Marks On Your Back?

Doctors haven’t pinpointed one cause for stretch marks. Instead, they have determined that stretch marks are a combination of several factors that cause changes to occur in the skin. These factors are:

  • Hormones
  • Physical stretching of the skin
  • Changes to skin cells
  • Surgery

But the main cause of stretch marks, as mentioned above, is weight gain. But apart from that, another cause is an increase in the muscle mass in a short period of time. Between 50% to 90% of women who are pregnant experience stretch marks during or after birth.

The skin consists of three key layers, epidermis- the top layer, dermis- the middle layer and subcutaneous fat- the bottom layer. Stretch marks form in the dermis, or middle layer, when the connective tissue is stretched beyond the limits of its elasticity. This is normally due to rapid expansion or contraction of the skin.

How Are Stretch Marks On Back Treated?

Nowadays, there are various treatments available to reduce the appearance of stretch marks. In some rare cases, they fade on their own.

If you are worried about the marks affecting your vibrant and bubbly personality, stop worrying. Read further to find out the various treatments you can undergo to get rid of your stretch marks.

Here are a few treatment options you can opt for to bid goodbye to those nasty marks.

  • Chemical peels
  • Ultra-Pulse Laser treatment
  • Eenerjet JVR laser treatment
  • Derma rolling
  • Home-made remedies

How You Can Prevent Stretch Marks On Back?

Sometimes the appearance of stretch marks is inevitable, but there are a few healthy choices you can add to your daily routine to prevent stretch marks. They are:

  • Maintain a healthy weight throughout your life.
  • Avoid crash dieting at any cost.
  • Eat a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals. Consuming a suitable amount of vitamin A and C can help support the skin.
  • Ensure you have a slow and gradual weight gain during pregnancy.
  • Drink 6-8 glasses of water every day.

How To Remove Stretch Marks on Back?

Apart from the treatments mentioned above, here are a few other ways you can remove the appearance of stretch marks on your back.

  • Boost antioxidants through regular exercise

Exercise promotes anti-oxidants giving us a good blood flow, which is really important for stimulating new collagen. Any repair is much better when there is some sort of physical exercise involved.

  • Always apply sunscreen

It is very important to wear a high SPF sunscreen with both UVA and UVB protection before moving out of the house. A SPF with the right ingredients can reduce the appearance of stretch marks.

  • Use a tretinoin/retinol treatment

Tretinoin is commonly used to treat stretch marks and scars such as those caused by acne. Retinol, which comes from vitamin A, may help make stretch marks less visible. Schedule an appointment with our doctor and enquire if you can start a tretinoin/retinol treatment for your scars.

  • Vitamin E and Aloe Vera Skin Creams

Applying a cream with vitamin E or aloe vera as the primary ingredient can help reduce stretch marks since these creams promote skin cell regeneration and collage fibre production.

To sum up, stretch marks do not pose a threat to an individual’s health but can greatly affect someone’s personality and confidence level. They might not harm an individual physically but hamper their mental well-being. Though with various treatments available today and healthy lifestyle choices, stretch marks can be a thing of the past if proper attention is given to this condition at the right time.

With an expert skin clinic like Dr Paul’s Skin Laser Centre, you can stop stressing over the stretch marks on your back and with our guidance get an effective personalised treatment to cast your worries away.

How to Avoid Vitiligo from Spreading?


Worried About Vitiligo Spreading?

You were living a regular life along with your family and friends until one day you spotted a white patch on the skin while looking in the mirror. When examined by a doctor you faced the reality that you have Vitiligo. In a world where confidence is derived largely from looks, you are petrified about this new skin disease and how it would affect your life.

However, you can still work around this disease and stop the white patch from spreading. In this blog, I will share all the necessary precautions and preventive measures that you can take to increase the chances of stopping Vitiligo spread. This includes food and vitamins you should include in your diet and food items you should strictly avoid. You can also click here Know About Vitiligo: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, and More to get the complete information about Vitiligo.

Can You Prevent Vitiligo from Spreading?

If proper steps and precautions are taken then Vitiligo spread could be controlled to a large extent. However, there is no exact scientific evidence that any preventive measures can guarantee a hundred percent result.

How to Avoid Vitiligo from Spreading?

The worst part about Vitiligo disease is the discolored patches keep growing and slowly covering a major part of the body. However, there are ways in which this spread can be stopped or at least reduced to a large extent. Below mentioned are some of the ways in which the Vitiligo spread can be stopped.

1. Vitamins for Vitiligo Prevention

There have been reports wherein some patient’s skin discoloration is reduced due to the consumption of certain vitamins and minerals. These vitamins however do not have medical proof of its effect on Vitiligo. Below mentioned is the list of vitamins that could prove effective against Vitiligo.

Vitamin D

Vitamin B12

Vitamin C

Beta carotene


Amino Acids

Gingko Biloba

There are also certain minerals that have proved helpful in the prevention of Vitiligo including


Drinking water from a copper vessel has proved to increase the overall health and vitality of skin


Food that is cooked in cast iron utensils also have great health benefits to the body and skin


Although Zinc-rich food is generally prohibited to prevent Vitiligo, it is ok to have small amounts through supplements as this mineral also has huge health benefits.

2. Natural Vitiligo Prevention

The answer to most diseases and their prevention lies in nature. Vitiligo can be prevented to a large extent if the below mentioned natural remedy is used. However, there is no scientific evidence available that proves the exact effectiveness of any food or diet.

Despite lack of evidence, some people believe that at home natural treatment can prevent Vitiligo. Below are some of the popular home remedies

Lemon and sweet basil extract

Basil is known to have strong melanin-producing properties, hence using them can help maintain the skin color. A solution made of basil leave extract and lemon when applied to skin everyday can give great results.

Gingko Biloba paste

This paste is an ancient traditional Chinese medicine that is famous all over the world for its medicinal properties. Using a Gingko Biloba paste can prove effective in maintaining the overall health and color of the skin.

Turmeric and mustard oil paste

Turmeric has high medicinal properties and hence has been used in India for centuries. A mixture made up of turmeric powder and mustard oil when applied to the skin every day can stimulate the pigmentation of the skin, thus keeping Vitiligo away.


3. Foods to Eat and Avoid to Prevent Vitiligo

Scientific research has shown time and again that food plays a very important role in the functioning and wellbeing of the body. Hence it is no surprise that the type of food you eat can prevent and promote Vitiligo spread on the skin.

There is no official doctor prescribed Vitiligo diet but many pieces of research and experiments have shown the probability of some foods triggering Vitiligo disease while some foods acting as a shield from this disease.

Below mentioned are the food that you should include in your diet to prevent Vitiligo.

  • Banana
  • Apples
  • Figs and dates
  • Chickpeas
  • Leafy vegetables
  • Root vegetables like beets, carrots, and radishes

Below mentioned are the food that you should avoid in your diet to prevent Vitiligo.

  • Blueberries
  • Alcohol
  • Citrus
  • Coffee
  • Fish
  • Curds
  • Gooseberries
  • Grapes
  • Pomegranate
  • Pears
  • Tomatoes
  • Red meats

So to conclude If you make sure you take care of your skin by eating food that is high in vitamin and minerals and stays away from Vitiligo triggering food items, you will have healthy skin for life.

If you want to know more about Vitiligo prevention or treatment then do reach us at +91 9803-029-029 to get expert advice. You can also fill in the form below and one of the representatives will get in touch with you.

All About Melanocyte Cell Transplantation Procedure


Skin is one of the most visual elements of the human body and in today’s social media world, people do everything in their strength to make it shiny and flawless. In such a case a person with skin disease like vitiligo could take a toll on his/her self-esteem. However medical advancement in dermatology has given us Melanocyte cell transplantation that can cover the vitiligo patches effectively.

In this blog, we are going to cover the fundamentals of this procedure, step by step process, and the advantages of it over other procedures in the market.

What is Vitiligo?

Vitiligo is a skin-related disease in which a patch of skin starts losing color. This discolored patch keeps getting bigger over a period of time. This happens when the melanin-producing cells either die or the cells stop producing melanin. Vitiligo not only affects the skin but also hair turning it grey. This disease can happen to people of any skin color but it looks prominent on people with darker skin. Vitiligo however is not a life-threatening disease.

Related Blog: Everything You Need to Know About Vitiligo: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments


What is Melanocyte Cell Transplantation?

In order to cover the discolored skin patch caused due to vitiligo, there are different medical procedures available. However many of these medical procedures do not give the desired result. For example, a tissue graft procedure needs a vast donor skin area to extract the desired cells which might not be possible in many cases.

Melanocyte Cell Transplantation is an effective method that involves autologous cultured and non-cultured melanocytes through cell expansion without culture or melanocyte cocultures. The biggest advantage of this procedure is that there is no requirement for cell culture and the skin can be operated on in just a single 3-hour procedure.


Melanocyte Cell Transplantation Procedure

Melanocyte cell transplantation procedure can be divided into four parts. Below mentioned are the details of the procedure.

Step 1: Harvesting A Skin Graft

In this first procedure, the lateral aspect of the gluteal region is selected. This selected region is called a donor area. It has to be made sure that the donor area does not have any vitiligo patches. This area should be one-tenth of the size of the recipient area. If the patient has multiple patches on the skin that has spread across the skin then a bigger donor area is selected to harvest which should be one fifth the size of the recipient area. To avoid any chances of infection, a superficial sample is harvested using a shaving blade that’s held in straight Kocher forceps.

 Step 2: Cell Separation

In this procedure, the skin cells harvested are transferred to a petri dish that contains 5 ml of trypsin solution. It is incubated at a temperature of 37 degrees for around 45 minutes.

After 45 minutes, the action of trypsin is neutralized with trypsin inhibitor after which the epidermis is separated from the dermis and is put in a test tube that contains a solution which is a mixture of nutrient and vortex. The separated epidermis is further broken down in a petri dish and washed with DMEM/F-12 before transferring to a test tube that also has DMEM/F-12.

This test tube containing the broken down epidermis is then centrifuged for 6 minutes. The resulting supernatant is removed and the pellet that’s found at the bottom of the test tube is suspended in a 1 ml insulin syringe.

Step 3: Dermabrasion Of The Recipient Area

Once the donor epidermis is ready, the next step in the procedure is the dermabrasion of the recipient area. The recipient area is abraded with a diamond fraise wheel. The area close to the eye is abraded with a smaller wheel to avoid any eye injury. The abrasion procedure is complete when the recipient area has pinpoint bleeding. That’s when Hemostasis is achieved and the recipient area is covered with gauze pieces soaked in saline.

 Step 4: Transfer And Fixing Of Melanocyte Rich Cell Suspension

After the abrasion, the cells harvested from the donor area Is spread evenly with the use of Pasteur pipette and is later covered with collagen dressing that helps is holding the cells applied. It is further covered with liquid paraffin and gauze pieces. The doctor advises the patients to lie in the same position for at least an hour to ensure cell fixation post which the patient is shifted to another room. The patients are advised to avoid any excessive movements especially in the treated area for a minimum of six hours.


Post-Procedure Care

After the melanocyte cell transplantation procedure, the patients are advised to take complete rest for the following five days and consume nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for three days. Patients need to take care of the dressing around the operated area while making sure it does not get wet while performing activities like taking bath and going to the bathroom. The dressing in most cases is removed one week after the surgery. The patient needs to come to the clinic for checkups on week 1, week 3, and then every 3 months.

Other precautions that patients need to take include not scrubbing the operated area and use makeup only after ten days of the removal of the dressing.


Key Advantages Of Melanocyte Cell Transplantation Procedure

Below mentioned are some of the key advantages of undergoing this procedure

  • The operated area gets a great texture that matches the skin color of the patient
  • Better results compared to punch grafting and split-thickness grafting
  • Large areas can be operated in a single session using this procedure
  • The patient can use makeup as early as ten days post removal of dressing to better cover the area


The Bottom Line

To conclude melanocyte cell transplantation is one of the most effective medical procedures for vitiligo that gives great results. Minimal invasive procedure and short recovery time make this procedure ideal for most vitiligo patients.

If you need more information about melanocyte cell transplantation procedure or looking for expert advice, call us at +91 9803-029-029. You can also fill the enquiry form and one of our representatives will get in touch with you.

All You Need To Know About Plastic Surgery


What Is Plastic Surgery?

Plastic surgery is a surgical procedure used to modify or cover parts of the body that is deformed by birth or due to accidental injury. Although the name ‘Plastic’ might suggest it to be an artificial procedure but in reality, it is not. The surgery is conducted using real skin tissues and the name ‘Plastic’ came from the Greek word Plastiko which means to mold or give form.

In this blog, we will understand the different types of plastic surgery and what are the benefits and risks involved in undergoing the procedure.


Types Of Plastic Surgery

Plastic surgery is used for multiple purposes hence different types of plastic surgery cater to the different types of patients and their conditions. Primarily there are two types of plastic surgery- Reconstructive surgery, and Aesthetic or Cosmetic surgery. Below mentioned are the details about these surgeries.

1. Reconstructive Surgery

Reconstructive surgery is performed on the patients who have a deformity on any part of their body due to disease, injury, or birth defect. The primary objective of this surgery is to improve body function.

There two types of patients on whom this reconstructive surgery is advised by the doctor

  1. A patient who has congenital anomalies like hand deformities, cleft lip, or craniofacial anomalies.
  2. A patient who incurred deformities that occurred due to infection, accident, aging, or disease

Depending on the patient’s requirement there are multiple techniques used in reconstructive surgery. Some of the techniques used include

  • Endoscopic Surgery
  • Flap Surgery
  • Skin Graft
  • Tissue expansion
  • Laser Surgery

2. Aesthetic or Cosmetic Surgery

Contrary to reconstructive surgery which is used on patients with deformities, Aesthetic or cosmetic surgery is a procedure used to improve the aesthetic look of a patient. This surgery is used mostly by people to improve their looks and appearance.

This surgery is used on patients to perform breast augmentation, abdominoplasty ( reduce the tummy), breast reduction, facelift, rhinoplasty ( nose reshaping ), Liposuction ( removal of fat), and eyelid surgery.


Benefits of Plastic Surgery

Plastic surgery has immense benefits, which is why there were 15.1 million cosmetic procedures that were performed in the United States alone in 2013. The obvious benefits include improved body function and looks but there also other advantages of undergoing plastic surgery.

Here are some of the benefits of plastic surgery:

1. Improved Self-Confidence

Plastic surgery could play a pivotal role in a person’s self-confidence as most of the confidence comes from how you view yourself in the eyes of the public. If your appearance is improved through plastic surgery then you definitely become more confident. The patient becomes more social due to the newfound confidence and also wears a dress that earlier he/she was hesitant to wear due to the deformity or appearance.

2. Better Physical Health

Plastic surgery can also improve the patient’s physical health. For example, a rhinoplasty in which a patient’s nose is restructured, it improves the breathing. Similarly, a breast reduction surgery would improve the posture of the woman and also relieve her of the discomforts like back pain and skin irritation, and neck pain.

3. Better Opportunities

In one of the research, it was stated that people who are attractive tend to attract better professional and personal opportunities. In one of the research study published in applied financial economics, a real estate agent with better looks sold more properties than the one who was not considered attractive. There are also studies where it was found that attractive people got higher salaries and higher promotions.

4. Better Mental Health

The mental health of a patient can also improve after undergoing plastic surgery. Improved aesthetics and looks automatically boost the confidence thereby reducing social anxiety. This new gain confidence can push the patient to lead a happier life and take new challenges.

5. Better Weight Management

Plastic surgery like liposuction or tummy tuck can help remove the excessive fat from the patient’s body. This is a boon for people who have been trying all the weight loss techniques with no success. Also once the patient loses the extra flab, he/she would be motivated to maintain the weight. Also, weight loss helps the patient maintain better health.


Common Plastic Surgery Complications & Risk

Just like any surgery, there are some risks and complications when it comes to plastic surgery which you need to be aware of before deciding to opt for this procedure.

Here are some of the risks and complications associated with plastic surgery:

1. Scars

A patient undergoing any kind of surgery will have scars that occur due to incision. When you undergo any type of plastic surgery, some scars remain on the operated area which would not be preferred by some people.

2. Post-Surgery Dissatisfaction

Although most people come out of plastic surgery happy with the result, there are cases where the patient is not satisfied with the result. This occurs when the patient has a certain expectation about the output of the surgery and sometimes the results do not match.

3. Anesthesia Complications

In order to conduct the plastic surgery, the patient is administered with anesthesia which sometimes can cause complications. The complications include heart attacks, lung infections, shivering, nausea, and vomiting.

4. Infection

Although today there are proper precautions taken post-surgery, still the risk of infection is prevalent. Around 1.1. to 2.5 % of people who undergo breast augmentation plastic surgery get an infection. This infection could be internal or external and may require serious medical attention.

5. Hematoma

Hematoma is a red patch that occurs on the operated area that resembles a large bruise. This is particularly common in breast augmentation and facelift surgery. Around 1% of patients get affected by hematoma. However, almost all surgeries carry the risk of hematoma and a subsequent procedure is conducted to drain out excess blood.


Bottom Line

To conclude Plastic surgery is one of the medical marvels that can heal and change a person’s appearance for the better and also help him/her regain the lost confidence. Consulting a doctor would help the patient understand the right procedure that he/she needs to undergo.

If you have any further queries about plastic surgery or looking for an expert advice, call us at +919803-029-029. You can also fill the enquiry form and one of our representatives will get in touch with you.

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