Look For These 5 Common Signs Of Vitiligo

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There are a lot of diseases in the world that are still mysterious to doctors and scientists. One such skin disease is Vitiligo. Although we know the effects and possible treatments for vitiligo, scientists are yet to identify the exact cause of vitiligo among patients.

However, it is very important to identify vitiligo in its earliest stage to get a more effective treatment and stop it from spreading. In this blog, we are going to share five common signs of vitiligo which if you identify, should immediately consult a dermatologist.

Vitiligo affects 0.5% to 2% of people globally and hence it is a very rare condition. Just like any disease, there are few signs that the body shows in the initial stage of vitiligo.

5 Common Signs Of Vitiligo

Below mentioned is the list of five summing signs of vitiligo.

1. Change In The Color Of Eyes

Most of us know might not know but the color of our eyes comes from the pigmentation cells that are present in the iris and retina. In a Vitligo patient, these pigmentation cells in the eyes die or stop producing melanin which causes the eyes to discolor. If you see any changes in the color of your eye, you must consult a doctor.

2. Patches Appearing On The Skin

One of the most common and visible signs of vitiligo is patches appearing on the skin of the person. These patches start appearing in the areas where the pigmentation cells are dying or have stopped producing melanin which gives skin the normal color. Check your complete body in front of the mirror to see if there are any visible patches. The patches would be easily visible on a person with a darker complexion compared to a fairer one as the patches generally look white.

These patches can appear anywhere in the body but it generally starts appearing on the skin that is generally exposed to the skin like hands, feet, face, and arms. When they first appear they look lighter than the rest of the skin color. Later they turn pink when the body’s immune system attacks healthy melanocytes. Finally the affected patch most of the time becomes completely white.

3. An Already Prevailing Disease

In a study done for a period of 10 years, It was found that around 20% of patients who had vitiligo had an already prevailing autoimmune disease.

Diseases like thyroid disease and alopecia are closely related to Vitiligo. Patients with thyroid disease have 15 times more possibility of getting vitiligo that other patients while patients suffering from alopecia had 31 times more possibility of getting vitiligo.

4. White Patches Appearing Insides Of The Mouth

Another common and important sign of vitiligo appears in the inside of the mouth. The tissue inside your mouth and nose which is called a mucus membrane starts losing color when a patient is suffering from Vitiligo. If you see any changes in color inside your mouth or nose, contact your doctor immediately.

5. Greying Of Hair

The easiest signs of  Vitiligo are visible on the hair. If a patient is suffering from Vitiligo then his/her hair on the scalp starts greying prematurely. It also affects eyelashes, eyebrows, and beards which starts turning grey rapidly.  If you seeing hair turning grey prematurely then it could be an early sign of Vitiligo. It is highly advised to consult a doctor as soon as possible.

To conclude, Vitiligo is a rare disease that can trigger at any point in time. Early detection is the best way to limit the impact of Vitiligo and hence do look out for the five signs mentioned above. If you have any other doubts regarding the disease or any visible signs that are appearing on your body you can call +919803-029-029 to get the most reliable checkup and treatment. You can also fill your details below and one of our representatives will get in touch with you.

31+ Simple Beauty Tips Every Woman Should Know

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In today’s age of the internet, there is a plethora of information available. There are also a lot of youtube and Instagram videos where influencers show their beauty routine and their favorite products.

These videos and information make you believe having beautiful skin and face takes a lot of effort. In reality it is not. It lies in very simple routines which when done over a period of time can give you long-lasting beauty. Taking this into consideration, we have compiled a list of 30+ beauty tips which every woman should know and follow to get the ageless beauty

31+ Simple Beauty Tips Every Woman Should Know

  1. Regularly exfoliate your lips

Lips also are made up of skin cells and are regularly covered by dead skin cells. If you don’t remove the dead skin then the surface tends to go dry as the dead skin clog the pores. So to remove these dead skins, exfoliate your lips regularly.

  1. Drink water

Our body is made up of 70% water and hence water plays a very important role in the overall health of the body. Even your skin needs water and the lack of it can cause dryness and rashes. Hence make sure you consume adequate water that acts as a natural moisturizer for your skin making it shiny and healthy.

  1. Go Vaseline!

This is the cheapest yet one of the best products you can use for your face. Vaseline can be used for two things. You can use it as a makeup remover and clean your face later. Also, Vaseline is the best product to use to heal your cracked lips.

  1. Makeup kit hygiene

A makeup kit is something very personal to a woman and it rightfully should be. Because makeup kit is used on eyes and lips, sharing it can transmit bacteria and skin disease from one person to another. Hence it is strongly advised to keep your kit to yourself and avoid using other’s kit.

  1. Choose hair products carefully

If you see acne around your hairline or on your skin where the hair generally touches, then it is a case of wrong hair products. Some hair products react unfavorably to your hair causing such side effects.

So choose your hairproducts carefully and make sure to check the skin sensitivity before finalizing any of it.

  1. No soap

One of the most common mistakes done in the day to day skincare routine is using soap. Soap although cleanses the skin, it has chemicals that are so strong that they tend to strip your skin’s natural barrier causing irritation and over oil production.

A better alternative for soap is foam-based cleansers that can degrease, clean, and smoothen your skin.

  1. Use sunscreen

Your skin needs sunlight to get those good vitamin D’s that keep it healthy. But the problem is such healthy sunlight is available only in the morning hours. After that, the sun emits sunlight containing harmful UV rays that can damage the skin.

Hence it is strongly advised to apply sunscreen on skin before heading out in the sun which protects your skin from UV rays.

  1. Care for under-eye circles

The skin around your eyes gives out the sign of weariness and lack of sleep by turning dark in color. These dark circles can adversely affect your look, hence it is very important to take the necessary measures.

A night of good sleep is the best treatment you can give to dark circles. Apart from that, you can apply cucumber slices, teabags,etc on your eyes to keep it healthy.

  1. No squeezing of blackheads

The first response you have when you see blackhead is to squeeze them out. That could give you some temporary satisfaction but in reality, it does more damage than good.

When you squeeze these blackheads they tend to spread in other areas and can also scar the skin. Use topical products to remove these blackheads.

  1. Baby powder as Dry Shampoo

If your hair tends to get oily and you need to dry it out, baby powder is a better option. There is also an option of using dry shampoo but they tend to have more chemicals that damage the hair in the long run.

Baby powder in comparison is gentle and does not have any harmful chemicals and hence does not damage your hair.

  1. Fruits and Veggies are great

Fruits and vegetables have all the necessary vitamins like Vitamin C, D & E that help in keep the skin become healthy and glowing.

Hence make sure you include a good amount of fruits and vegetables in your daily diet.

  1. Face Pack

The daily traveling to office in heavy traffic and pollution combined with scorching heat can make your skin dull and pores clogged with dust particles.

Applying face pack regularly can deeply cleanse your face and return the natural glow.

  1. Use Lotion

A Naturally dry skin lacks moisture. Hence to fill the void of the natural moisture, you need to manually apply moisturizer regularly to avoid itchiness and scratches on the skin.

Invest in a heavy moisturizer and regularly apply it to keep your skin healthy and glowing.

  1. Include Honey

If dry, cracked lipsare a regular issue for you, then go for the best natural skin healer, Honey. It has the property to heal and hydrate parched skin.

It is also known for its antiviral properties and hence can be used to treat cold other viral diseases.

  1. Eat the Greens

Green veggies are an important source of healthy vitamins and minerals and can work wonders on your skin. Leafy greens like kale and spinach are also a terrific way to get some extra antioxidants for healthy skin cells. The vitamin C found in many green leafy vegetables helps the body produce collagen, a key factor in maintaining healthy skin and hair as you age.

So it is highly advised to include salads in your meal to get a healthy and glowing skin.

  1. Pamper your skin

Because of the busy and hectic schedule, it is important to pamper your skin once in a while. Learn to self-soothe through coping strategies such as deep breathing, exercising, meditation or yoga. So make sure you take some time off and go for skincare routine like manicure, pedicure, facial, and massage.

  1. Get your sleep

It is scientifically proven that your overall health is directly proportional to sleep. A night of good sleep can give you great skin with no dark circles around your eyes. It’s essential for repairing the skin! If you want your skin and hair to look younger and healthier before you even start your daily beauty routine, get a good seven to eight-hour sleep.

  1. Consume Omega

Omega is a very important source needed for shiny skin and hair. You can find omega fatty acids in fish, fruit, vegetables, olive oil, and tea. ou won’t find many products with “omega-3” or “omega-6” on labels, though, so look for options with natural plant oils rich in these fats, such as flaxseed, safflower, sunflower and olive, which are common in cleansers, body and face lotions, body oils and even lip balm. This gives the skin healthy skin and can also reverse sun damage.

  1. Outdoor with Sunglasses

Sunglasses are not just a style statement. They protect your eyes from the sun’s harmful rays. The sun emits damaging UV light which when exposed to the eyes for a long time can cause damage to eyes. To protect your eyes, be sure to pick the appropriate sunglasses that block out 100 percent of both UVA and UVB rays.

  1. Antioxidants

Antioxidants are the secret sauce for eternal youth as it is scientifically proven to slow down the aging process. Look out for antioxidants products like green tea, CoQ10, and vitamin C which stimulates collagen production, which is vital for youthful skin.

With daily use of sunscreen with antioxidants and other skin-beneficial ingredients, the visible results can be remarkable!

  1. Foot care

Your face is important but so are your feet. Imagine wearing footwear that shows your feet which is not well maintained, Embarrassing, right? The simplest way to get those beautiful feet are by regularly rubbing your feet with either olive oil or a mixture of salt and lotion. Once rubbed, wash it off and dry it with the towel.

  1. Use Toners

Toners play a very important role in maintaining the pH balance in your body. Toners provide a quick hit of hydration while removing dead skin cells. This step in your skincare routine essentially preps your skin to absorb the benefits of the products that you will layer on after. Invest in a toner that is free of alcohol, fragrance, menthol, color, citrus, and other strong extracts.

  1. Avoid junk food

Junk food tends to have an excessive amount of fat and sugar which when put inside the body, produces insulin to balance it. This extra insulin can cause acne on your skin and in the long term can cause serious health issues. Hence avoid or atleast minimize the consumption of junk food to maintain healthy skin.

  1. Get those proteins

Proteins are not just for bodybuilders, they play a very vital role in the production of collagen and elastin that are super beneficial for skin. Did you know? Protein supports a healthy hair growth too? Hence consume food like meat, fish, eggs, cheese, beans, soy, and lentils to get those good proteins.

  1. Take out time to work out

Exercise is the best form of therapy you can give for your skin. When you work out, the blood circulation in the body improves and makes you sweat. This helps the skin become firm and achieve a natural glow. To make the process fun and enticing, try and vary the approaches you take. So go pack your gym bag or lace up your running shoes today!

  1. Consume less salt

Although salt adds taste to your food, consuming a high proportion of salt can suck the moisture from the skin, making it dry and dull. This happens due to the sodium present in salt.

So if your skin is looking dry and dull, you need to give up on snacks like potato chips and salty nut.

  1. Steam your face

The best way to cleanse those skin pores on your face is by exposing it to steam it. The steam opens the pores on your thereby cleaning it. You can then wash your face with cold water to close the pores. If you’re thinking of taking steam at home, you should invest in a quality facial steamer. The beauty tool can bring the spa experience to your home bathroom.

  1. Cleanse your hair gently

Every hair is different and hence needs different types of products. This is true for the shampoo as well. Understand your hair type (colored, dry, greasy,etc) and then choose a suitable shampoo. The shampoo should be gentle and should be able to moisturize and soften the capillary fiber of your hair

  1. Cut the Alcohol

Having booze can help you loosen up but it also sucks up vitamin A from your body. Vitamin A is a very important antioxidant that plays a vital role in repairing skin tissue. Alcoholic drinks dehydrate your skin and deplete it of vital nutrients, giving skin a dulled appearance. So to avoid this try to drink moderately- ideally no more than two drinks a day.

  1. Use olive oil

We know the goodness of olive oil in food but did you know olive oil can also be used for skincare? Olive oil has many health benefits, particularly for your skin. It’s an antioxidant, so it prevents oxidation of the skin and may prevent premature aging and sun damage. After you take a shower, apply olive oil on your skin while it is still damp and pat dry with a damp towel.

  1. Yogurt for your face

As good as yogurt is to eat to improve your digestion, it also is good for the face. Whether the Greek or regular kind, it contains lactic acid, an organic compound that aids in diminishing the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines by tightening and shrinking pores. Apply a thin layer of yogurt on your face for five to ten minutes in the morning and then wash it off. The pH of your skin will be restored naturally.

When it comes to a beauty routine, one thing remains universal: We all want to know the very best practices for achieving healthy, radiant skin. So, the above 31 tips will help you give yourself the happiest face possible! If followed religiously can give you great skin and long-lasting beauty with minimum efforts.

If you have any other queries related to skin, you can call us on +91-9803-029-029 and get the solution from our skin experts. You can also fill in the form below and one of our representatives will get in touch.

Everything You Need to Know About Vitiligo: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, and More

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Vitiligo – Overview                                                                           

Vitiligo, also called ‘leucoderma’ is a type of skin condition in which the affected skin area loses its color. The skin area affected by vitiligo varies from person to person. It can even affect areas like eyes, hair, and even the interior of the mouth. The affected skin area will look white or pink in appearance.

This skin condition is completely unpredictable and in some patients, it could spread rapidly while in some it could be stable. The patch created by Vitiligo is photosensitive which means it is very sensitive to sunlight. Although vitiligo can start at any age, 95% of people who have vitiligo develop the condition before their 40th birthday.

Types of Vitiligo

There are different types of Vitiligo that vary in the way it affects the skin. Usually vitiligo manifests as multiple spots on the skin that are found on both sides of the body, most commonly in a symmetric pattern. So, if there is a spot on one side of the face, there is often a matching spot on the other side.

Vitiligo is generally categorized as below:

  • Generalized

Generalized (aka non-segmental vitiligo) is a type of Vitiligo in which the skin patch can appear anywhere on the body and there is no specific size or shape. This is the most common type of vitiligo and is also known as ‘universal’ or ‘complete’ vitiligo.

  • Segmental

Segmental type of vitiligo happens to as few as 10% of the affected population. This type spreads rapidly but is much more stable and predictable compared to non-segmental type. Segmental vitiligo is mostly found in young children (30% of children with vitiligo skin disease have a segmental type). The discoloration of the skin happens to the nerves arising in the dorsal roots of the spine.

  • Mucosal

As the name suggests, in this type of vitiligo, the skin of mucous membranes such as the lips, inner nose, or genital areas are affected with discoloration. If it involves the lips or other parts of the face plus the hands and/or feet, it’s called acrofacial vitiligo (“acral” means hands and feet). This is really common, since vitiligo most frequently affects the face and/or hands .

  • Focal

In this type, the skin patches either one or a few occur in a discrete area. This type of vitiligo often occurs in young children. These are the types in which the macules are in a small area and do not spread in a certain pattern within one to two years.

  • Trichome

In this type of vitiligo, the skin patch discolors at different intensity. Hence you get to see three distinct types of discolored patches in the patient. The color depends on the natural skin color of the patient.

  • Universal

This type of vitiligo is a very rare occurrence and happens to very few individuals. In this type, the entire skin of the patient depigments or discolors. Thus, if the vitiligo spreads almost every part of the body then it is Universal.

 

Vitiligo Symptoms

Being a skin disease, there are some symptoms that give you a clear indication that it is a Vitiligo. Understanding the symptom is very important as this would help the patient to take the early measures and medication in order to minimize the spread.

The main sign of vitiligo is pigment loss that produces milky-white patches (depigmentation) on your skin. Other common signs may include:

  • The skin area around hands, face, and other generally exposed body parts start having patchy loss of skin color.
  • The hair on the scalp, beard, eyebrows, and eyelashes start turning prematurely white or gray in color
  • The mucous membranes areas or interior part of nose and mouth particularly the tissue start losing color

Vitiligo Causes

Vitiligo is primarily caused when cells that produce pigmentation die or they stop producing melanin. Melanin is responsible for the natural color that our eyes, hair, and skin have. Because of this, certain discolored patches start appearing on the skin.

The exact reason for the cells to stop producing melanin or why do the cells die is not clear. It could be because of the following reasons:

  • Immune System Disorder

Many times the person immune system goes into autoimmune condition due to which the cells stop producing melanin thereby causing Vitiligo

  • Hereditary

It has been found that Vitiligo could be passed on to the next generation through genetics. Hence if your family member has Vitiligo, there is a chance that you might develop it as well. However the probability is just 5%, so 1 in every 20 first degree relatives of vitiligo patients can get the same skin disease.

  • Event Triggering Reaction

There are also chances of Vitiligo due to some triggering events. This could be skin exposure to extreme sunlight, Skin trauma and even due to contact with some chemicals

 

Who Gets Vitiligo?

The thing about Vitiligo is that it can happen to anyone and at any age. Even after extensive research, it is not clear who exactly get this skin disease.

But it has been observed that people with a family history of Vitiligo have a substantial chance of getting it. It can also happen to a person who has a certain autoimmune disease such as rheumatoid arthritis and type 1 diabetes.

 

Who Treats Vitiligo?

A dermatologist can usually diagnose Vitiligo after examining the skin and will look out for signs and symptoms related to other skin conditions like psoriasis, to rule them out. The doctor will look at every area of the skin to understand which type of vitiligo you have depending upon the location of the patch.

A dermatologist will also look for symptoms associated with other skin conditions, such as psoriasis, in order to rule them out.

 

Vitiligo Diagnosis & Treatment

The patient is first thoroughly diagnosed by the doctor before going forward with any treatment. The common diagnosis used for Vitiligo is first understanding the person’s medical history followed by an examination of the skin with the help of specialized light. A doctor can also opt for blood tests and skin biopsy if required. The treatment for vitiligo is entirely subject to the patient’s age, the area of skin that needs treatment. The growth and speed at which vitiligo is growing is also a factor that needs to be considered.

Now through medication and light-based surgeries, you can restore the skin color but that does not guarantee that it would stay like that forever. The patches could start appearing again, hence the doctors also recommend the application of medication in order to stabilize the treatment and avoid a relapse. A patient might have to try multiple treatments to get the desired result. The procedure could take months before understanding its effect. Below mentioned are some of the treatments available for vitiligo.

A) Therapies

There are three types of therapies that a patient can undergo

  1. Light Therapy

In this therapy, narrowband ultraviolet rays are used to stop or slow the progression of active vitiligo. This procedure can prove effective when combined with corticosteroids. A patient needs to undergo this procedure two to three times a week. The result will be visible only after a month or in some cases three months while 100% result will be visible after six months.

Patients undergoing light therapy have a risk of developing skin cancer, hence it is important to consult doctors before finalizing the procedure. There are also some side effects of redness, itching, and burning on the skin.

  1. Depigmentation Therapy

This treatment is the reverse of all other therapies. Here instead of restoring the color of the affected skin, the patches that are still having natural color are depigmented to match the color of the remaining skin. This procedure is useful for someone with widespread vitiligo and a very little area remaining unaffected.

The depigmentation is permanent and the side effects of this procedure include swelling, itching, dryness, and redness in the skin.

  1. Combination Of Light And Psoralen Therapy

In this treatment, the light UV ray therapy is combined with a plant-derived substance called psoralen to achieve a natural color. The substance is either taken by mouth or applied on the affected skin and later exposed to UV light rays. This treatment is quite effective but Is tedious to administer.

 

B) Medications

Only medication cannot stop the spread of vitiligo, but the combination of light therapy along with medication can help. The application of corticosteroids can help in restoring the original color of the skin. There are also calcineurin inhibitor ointments like tacrolimus or pimecrolimus that reduces the effect of the immune system and slow the growth of Vitiligo. Corticosteroid can cause skin thinning or appearance of streak while ointments could cause skin cancer.

 

C) Surgery

If medication and therapy are not working then the patient is advised to undergo surgery. There are three types of surgery offered for vitiligo patients

  • Blister Grafting

In this procedure, a blister is created on the healthy skin area with the use of suction. Later the blistered area is transferred to the discolored area. This procedure has a risk of scars on the skin or a cobblestone look.

  • Cellular suspension transplant

In this procedure, the doctor acquires tissue from the healthy skin and puts it in a solution and later transplants it on the discolored area. You can see the result of the surgery in four weeks.

  • Skin grafting

This procedure is used for patients with small vitiligo surface. The doctor takes small sections of healthy pigmented skin and transfers it to the affected area. The side effects include cobblestone look, spotty color, etc.

 

Vitiligo Treatment Risk & Complications

Just like any medical surgery or treatment, there are some risks and complications involved in vitiligo treatment. Below mentioned are some of the risks you need to be aware of.

  • The treatment could cause skin cancer in the future
  • The recovered skin area could go back to its previous form in some time
  • The skin color could look patchy and unnatural post the treatment
  • Redness, swelling, and permanent scars would appear of skin post-procedure
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Vitiligo Treatment Cost

The cost of vitiligo treatment varies from patient to patient. The primary factor that drives the cost is the amount of skin area that needs to be treated, greater the area, higher would be the cost of treatment. A consultation with the doctor would give a clear idea about the cost and time required for the treatment.

  • If required consult with the doc and understand this element how they charge, and if possible we can let users know the average cost directly from the expert.
  • Also, mention a subheading related to parameters based on cost may change

 

Vitiligo Prevention

If you take necessary precautions, the probability of vitiligo disease affecting your skin can be reduced to a large extent. However, doctors cannot predict whether a person will develop the condition based on their genetic makeup.

Below mentioned are some of the preventive measures that you can take

  • Consume green leafy vegetables, fruits like apple, banana can prevent vitiligo
  • Reducing the consumption of alcohol, red meat, fish and coffee can prevent the formation of white patches
  • Drinking a lot of water can keep the skin healthy and prevent any skin disease
  • Consumption of minerals like zinc, copper, iron in your food also helps
  • Consumption of food containing vitamin B, C, amino acids and folic acids can help in the prevention of white patches
  • Skin pigmentation can also trigger due to deep wounds on the skin which loses some color. So avoiding such injuries and making sure to take immediate medical assistance is important to prevent such triggers.

 

Vitiligo Diet

Diet could play an important role in building your body so strong that it would resist disease like vitiligo. Because one of the reasons a person can get vitiligo due to autoimmune disease hence a strong immune system can prevent depigmentation of any kind.

Below mentioned are foods and ingredients that need to be a part of your diet

  • You should consume fruits like fig, apricot, and ripe mango
  • When it comes to vegetables, you should include green leafy vegetables like spinach. Also, beetroot, cabbage, potato, red chili are a great addition of vegetables.
  • Dairy product can be consumed for some patients while for some it may not be advisable

 

Vitiligo Diet Restrictions

There are also some foods and beverages that are counterproductive and could in fact reduce the immune system making it susceptible to skin diseases like Vitiligo. Below mentioned is the list of food and beverages that should be avoided:

  • Carbonated sweet drinks, packaged fruit juices, coffee and alcohol
  • Vegetables like eggplant, tomato, green chili, onion and garlic
  • Animal meat like beef, pork, and fish
  • Spices like turmeric

 

Vitiligo FAQs

Below mentioned are some frequently asked questions that we have tried to answer in a simple and understandable way.

Is Vitiligo a contagious disease?

No. vitiligo is not contagious. It is a genetic disease that runs in a family and keeps passing on to future generations

What is an autoimmune disorder?

When your own immune system starts attacking your organs due to multiple conditions. In the case of vitiligo, the antibodies develop and start attacking melanin-producing cells thereby creating a white patch

What does Vitiligo look like?

It looks like white patches that appear on the skin. The whiteness could vary from person to person. Vitiligo often appears bilaterally I.e if one elbow has it then the other too would soon get it.

Do you have any other questions? Do you have a patch on your skin that needs medical assistance?

Call us at +919803029029 to get an appointment with our skin doctor who could conduct a detail examination and suggest you the best solution.

You can also fill in the form below and one of our representatives will get in touch with you.

Vitiligo Awareness Month: The World Belongs to Them Too!

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Creating a world of harmony for people with Vitiligo needs a lot of effort & understanding from us. This non-contagious skin condition associates a lot of taboo, stigma and myths which many of us believe without having an understanding of the condition. In Indian society, skin colour is no doubt a big factor for social acceptance and in such a place, people with uneven skin tone often find themselves left out. This often leads to low self-esteem, lack of confidence and even depression in some cases for Vitiligo patients. Life is a gift and how we perceive it, shapes our world. The uneven patches often carry a love-hate relationship with the society and so with the patient’s life.

The world celebrates “VITILIGO AWARENESS MONTH” in June. The awareness this society needs is to understand this condition & accept Vitiligo patients. Almost 1-2% of the world’s total population is affected by this condition. Our skin gets its colour from a naturally occurring pigment – melanin which is produced by melanocytes. Vitiligo or white patches occur when these melanocytes start dying due to unknown reasons. Vitiligo is often called a disease instead of a disorder and that can have a significantly negative social and/or psychological impact on patients, in part because of numerous misconceptions that are present in large parts of the world. People of any skin type can get affected by this condition, but the patches are more noticeable on dark-skinned people. The condition is not life threatening and can be managed with modern treatments and therapies. The first signs of Vitiligo usually appear before 30s. Unfortunately, Vitiligo has no cure but there are a lot of treatment that patients can go for.

Here are some tips given by Dr. Munish Paul to help Vitiligo patients.

  1. Sun exposure: Excessive exposure to the harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays can damage the skin, especially for a Vitiligo patient. Vitiligo skin is more vulnerable to get burned easily. Hence, Vitiligo patients are always recommended to avoid sunlight or use sunscreen while going out. Water-resistant sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or over are recommended which need to be reapplied every 2-3 hours. Protective clothing like sunglasses, covered clothing and hats are also recommended to avoid sun-exposure.
  2. People with Vitiligo always need to be extra careful with their skin. Skin trauma such as scrapes, cuts or burns may develop new patches and helps to widespread the condition. However, you may not stop accidents but do your best to avoid any kind of skin injury.
  3. Tattooing the patches is never a solution. Because tattoos are done by wounding the skin and causes trauma for the skin which may result in development of new patches within a few weeks.
  4. Like any health condition, Vitiligo can be best handled by leading a healthy lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle helps support the immune system. Eat a balanced, nutritional diet and work to reduce stress level. Stress leads to the occurrence of new Vitiligo patches and hence it is best to avoid it. Try meditation, yoga, etc., to minimise stress levels because mental health is an important factor for Vitiligo patients.
  5. Camouflage is the best way to cover the Vitiligo patches and always recommended for children too. Camouflage treatment helps to cover the Vitiligo patches with some concealing cream or makeup giving a unified skin tone. Such concealing creams stay on the skin for longer hours even days. Microskin is one such camouflage cream which stays on the skin for several days and also is water-resistant. This product is safe for children also.

Nowadays, with the advent of technology, Vitiligo has many treatment options like light therapy & surgical treatments. But it is always important to consult a certified dermatologist as soon as the first patch of Vitiligo appears. Early treatment Vitiligo helps to minimise the widespread.

Lastly, it is crucial for people with Vitiligo to not be undermined, discouraged or feel low and it is everyone’s responsibility to make an effort to understand the condition and create a discrimination-free world for them.

Dr. Paul’s Skin At Laser Centre, Vitiligo treatment is performed under the supervision of certified MD Dermatologists after an open discussion about the procedure, results, and possible effects of the treatment. Call today at 9803 029 029 to know more!

Vitiligo Treatment: Light Therapy & Surgery

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Vitiligo is a skin condition characterised by white milky uneven patches. These patches can be treated to even tone the skin. The choice of Vitiligo treatment depends on various factors such as patient’s age, percentage of widespread, the progression of the disease and how Vitiligo is affecting one’s life.

Light-based therapies are done to help restore the lost skin colour or to give a unified skin tone. Some people may also experience some side-effects and hence a skin specialist may recommend some self-tanning products before taking you through the treatment process.

Whatever the treatment process your skin specialist recommends, it will take a few weeks or even months to deliver the expected results. Also, be prepared to go for a combination of therapies where the doctor may prescribe more than one therapy to get the desired results through a best suitable treatment for your skin. Moreover, the doctor may prescribe some maintenance therapy to prevent relapse.

Light-based therapies

  • Phototherapy: Phototherapy performed with narrowband ultraviolet A (UVA) or ultraviolet B (UVB) has proven to stop or at least slow the disease progression. If used with corticosteroids inhibitors, the therapy works even more effectively. This therapy usually requires two-three sessions per week for two-three months to make a significant difference. Possible side effects of phototherapy include redness, itching or inflammation. However, these side effects usually go away within a few hours of the treatment.
  • Targeted Phototherapy: Also called as concentrated phototherapy, it is performed to delivers ultraviolet radiation on a targeted spot. This phototherapy is targeted on the skin lesion using special delivery mechanisms for treatment.
  • Depigmentation: This therapy is performed to remove the remaining pigment in Vitiligo affected person’s body. It is only recommended for patients with 50% or more widespread Vitiligo. To perform this therapy, the doctor will recommend applying depigmentation agent on the unaffected areas of the skin which will gradually lighten the skin tone to match with the Vitiligo affected areas. The therapy is usually given once or twice a week for a few months. It’s a permanent therapy and cannot be undone afterwards. This therapy does not cause any major side-effects. Minor side effects such as redness, itching, swelling or dryness may occur.

Surgical treatment for Vitiligo

Surgery is recommended when light therapy or other medications do not work to stabilise the condition. This treatment is also recommended for people with stable Vitiligo disease. Surgical techniques used to even out skin tone can be of different types.

  • Skin grafting: This procedure is performed by transferring very small segments of healthy, pigmented skin to the discoloured areas. This procedure is usually recommended for patients with small patches of Vitiligo.
  • Blister grafting: To perform this procedure, the doctor creates blister on the pigmented skin using suction and then transplants the blister tops on the discoloured patches.
  • Cellular suspension transplant: To perform this procedure, the doctor will take some tissue from the pigmented skin and will transfer them to a solution before transplanting them in the affected area. The results usually start showing up within four weeks from the procedure. These procedures may involve small risks of infection, scarring, spotty colour and failure to re-pigment the areas.

At Dr. Paul’s Skin Laser Centre, Vitiligo treatment is performed under the supervision of certified MD Dermatologists after an open discussion about the procedure, results, and possible effects of the treatment. Call today at 9803 029 029 to know more! 

Know Vitiligo: Symptoms & Treatment

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Vitiligo is a skin condition characterised by white patches on the skin. The patches can occur on any part of the body, even in the scalp and inner mouth. Our skin gets its colour from a naturally occurring pigment – melanin which is produced by melanocytes. Vitiligo or white patches occur when these melanocytes start dying due to unknown reasons. People of any skin type can get affected by this condition, but the patches are more noticeable on dark-skinned people. The first signs of Vitiligo usually appear before the 30s, but it can affect at any age.

Vitiligo is not a life-threatening condition, but it is stressful due to social stigma associated with it. Patients often struggle with low self esteem & confidence due to their uneven skin tone but treatment can help them gain their confidence back. Vitiligo treatment helps restore the skin colour of the affected area and unify the overall skin tone.

Symptoms

Signs & symptoms of Vitiligo include:

  • Loss of skin colour in patches. These patches usually first appear on the sun-exposed areas such as face, hands, shoulders & lips.
  • Loss of skin color in the lining tissues of inner mouth and nose.
  • Premature whitening or greying of the hair, eyelashes, eyebrows, beard and body hairs.

However, the signs of VVitiligo also depend on the type of Vitiligo one has such as:

  • Universal Vitiligo: Wwhen the loss of pigments occurs on nearly everywhere on the body.
  • Generalized Vitiligo: When patches occur in many parts of your body. It is the most common type of Vitiligo.
  • Segmental Vitiligo: When patches occur on only one side or part of the body. This type of Vitiligo usually occurs in children which progress for 1-2 years and then stops.
  • Localized (focal) Vitiligo: When patches occur on one or only a few areas of the body.
  • Acrofacial Vitiligo: When the patches appear only on face and hands, eyes, nose, ears and around body openings.

Predicting the progress of Vitiligo is difficult as sometimes the condition spreads widely or sometimes it stops spreading even without any treatment.

Treatment:

Cosmetic camouflage: This is performed with colouring creams to cover-up the white patches. Usually, a semi-liquid foundation-like application is applied to the skin to hide the depigmented white circles. When correctly applied as per doctor’s instructions, camouflage creams can stay up to 96 hours on the skin. Although the duration may decrease in the case of the face and other exposed areas.

Microskin is a new revolutionary camouflage technique that stays on skin for several days. It’s smudge-proof and waterproof which also allow the skin to breathe. It comes in over 100 shades and gives a natural skin tone,

Phototherapy: Light therapy or phototherapy given with narrowband ultraviolet A (UVA) or ultraviolet B (UVB) has shown to stop the growth of Vitiligo. This treatment is often given with corticosteroids or calcineurin inhibitors for effective results. The treatment is given two to three times a week for several months. Effective changes can be seen within 2-3 months of the therapy.

Excimer (Targeted Phototherapy): It is one of the most effective Vitiligo treatments where ultraviolet radiations are directly focused on the white spots. As the name suggests, this treatment only targets the white spots leaving the rest of the skin unexposed. Usually, this treatment is often recommended for localized Vitiligo patients.

Depigmentation: This treatment is recommended for patients with more than 50% widespread Vitiligo. It is applied to the unaffected skin area to reduce melanin percentage and make a unified skin tone. This is achieved by using strong medicated topical lotion or creams that reduce melanin percentage on the skin. It is a permanent treatment and the entire procedure may take up to 12 to 14 months.

Melanocyte Cell Transfer: under this treatment, the top layer of white spots are removed and replaced with healthy melanocytes(pigment cells) taken from other parts of the body. Within a few months of the transplantation, the melanocytes start working to produce melanin which results in the disappearance of the white spots.

Skin Grafting: under this procedure, a small section of healthy pigmented skin is transferred to replace the depigmented skin areas. This treatment is recommended for Vitiligo patients with limited Vitiligo spots. Due to the complexity involved in this procedure, doctors only recommend it when all other treatment fails to restore the lost skin colour.

At Dr. Paul’s Skin Laser Centre, Vitiligo treatment is performed under the supervision of certified MD Dermatologists after an open discussion about the procedure, results, and possible effects of the treatment. Call today at 9803 029 029 to know more! 

Hairloss & hair growth myths debunked!

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Many of us are unable to segregate myths and facts when it comes to hair loss. Well, the reason for this could be the myths being so deeply etched in our minds that we have come to believe them as real facts. This very reason has also made us oblivious to the real & true facts. To start with, we all have been hearing that hair loss is common & can happen to anyone regardless of age & sex. But do we really know if it is true or not? Here, in this article, we share expert opinions &scientifically proven facts by our dermatologists to bust the myths on hairloss.

  1. MYTH: Dandruff leads to hair loss.

TRUTH: It has been scientifically proven that dandruff and hair loss have no relation unless one vigorously scratches their scalp causing hair breakage. Dandruff may lead to dry & itchy scalp but not necessarily hairloss. Hairloss can only happen in cases where the dry & itchy scalp is not treated for an extended period of time.

  1. MYTH: Frequent haircuts enhances hair growth.

TRUTH: Hair is a non-viable tissue, and hair growth has no relation to haircutting frequency. Different haircuts or style may add to hair appearance but do not help in hair growth.

  1. MYTH: Scalp massage helps hair to grow faster.

TRUTH: Massaging the scalp has no direct effect on hair follicles, but prolonged massaging may cause frictional hair breakage.

  1. MYTH: Hair loss does not occur at a younger age

TRUTH: Hair loss can occur at any age for several reasons including hormonal changes. Ageing is never the only cause of hair loss.

  1. MYTH: Haircare products lead to hair loss.

TRUTH: Haircare products such as gel, conditioner, shampoo and hairspray do not cause hair loss. The culprits are the chemicals used in some hair dye manufacturing which cause baldness. Also, harsh heat treatments used in hair straightening or styling can cause hair loss.

  1. MYTH: Hair loss comes from one side of the family.

TRUTH: Hair loss and baldness are associated with approximately 200 genes. We receive genes from both sides of the family. So, the blame of baldness can go to both sides, not just one of maternal or paternal side.

  1. MYTH: Changing shampoos frequently increase hair fall

TRUTH: Our scalp never gets addicted to any shampoo, we can try out new shampoos but we must check the chemicals used in it.

  1. MYTH: Covering the head causes baldness.

TRUTH: Hair follicles get their oxygen from the blood and thus covering the head all the time does not cause baldness. Baldness or hair loss may occur due to friction caused by uncomfortable hats, covers or helmets.

  1. MYTH: Plucking out one strand of grey hair causes multiple grey hair

TRUTH: Melanin in the hair follicles decides hair colour. Absence of melanin turns a hair grey or white. But plucking one grey strand of hair does not multiply the number.

Apart from the above myths, we are also surrounded by various mythical home remedies to prevent hair loss. However, in reality they don’t work as expected. This always disheartens us and thus the best option is to always to see a dermatologist for expert opinion. Only accurate diagnosis of the cause and proper treatment can stop baldness.

Electrolysis: Get Rid of White Hair Which Can’t Be Treated by Lasers

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The stubborn little fairish hair in the face are the worst one to always get noticed at the wrong time. This happens with many people at many times and the question comes to their mind is “is there any way to get rid of them?”. While unwanted facial hair and body hair can be removed permanently by laser hair removal but it does not work in the same way for white hair.

Some key facts about white hair:

  • The whiteness of hair may grow with increasing age due to decreasing melanin production. Absence of sufficient melanin to colour the hair makes them grow more translucent.
  • Women tend to get the white hair around face, chin, ear & eyebrows especially after menopause.
  • They are hard to remove by laser hair removal treatment due to lack of pigmentation.

Why white hair can’t be treated by lasers? 

In laser hair removal the laser waves work due to the presence of melanin in the hair. The high concentrated light is absorbed by the melanin chromophore which leads to hair removal. But if there is no melanin to absorb the light than it damages the skin only.

How Electrolysis removes white hair?

  • Electric current passes through the hair shaft and destroys the hair follicles and prevents hair from growing again.
  • Electric waves are not dependent on hair pigments and remove the hair permanently irrespective of their colours.
  • Eliminates white hair permanently.
  • Very minimal side-effects.

This method has been used for many years now and has shown efficient results. When done under medical supervision, the electrolysis hair removal treatment works as a wonder for the white hair.

Patch Testing: The Answer To Making Sure You Don’t Get Any Allergic Reactions!

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‘Patch test’ is the only way to find out how your skin will react to certain products even if you had no allergic reaction with it in the past. It adds an extra layer of security to your skin treatment and it’s essential to have one. The most common sensitizers are hair dyes, sunscreens and topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

When do you need a patch test?

  • If you suspect or have contact allergy
  • Before skin treatment
  • Before trying new hair dye
  • Before trying new skin product

How you can do a patch test?

  1. Wear the patches either on your back or arms; take a few patches.
  2. During the patch test, make sure the patches must not get wet at all.
  3. The patches may expose to a number of substances that can cause contact dermatitis.
  4. It does not involve any needles and only potential allergens are applied on the patches.
  5. After 48 hrs you can remove the patches and the irritated skin at any patch site may indicates allergy.

What is Photo-patch tests?

An advanced patch tests done by dermatologist in the clinic when they suspect contact allergy in the skin to certain substance. This test is done with UV light after the patches are removed by exposing the skin to a small dose of long wave ultraviolet light (UVA). The dose of UVA used is way smaller than UVA required to cause sunburn.

Minimal erythemal dose (MED) testing: a small area of the back skin is exposed to a series of incremental doses of UV radiation. Some groups describe performing MED’s for UVB alone, UVA alone, both UVA and UVB.

Go Hair-free but Carefully | Avoid Laser Hair Removal Complications

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Laser hair removal has definitely made life much easier with its permanent solution to get rid of unwanted body hair. But is that all you need to know? Definitely not! Laser hair removal involves a lot of consequences if not done in a proper manner under the guidance & supervision of a medical expert.

Let’s start with the areas where hair growth is just not welcome, like upper lips, eyebrows, cheeks, ear tops, axillae, bikini lines etcetera. Many women even choose to go for full body hair removal. Well, choosing laser hair removal is not wrong but one needs to know the right place to get it done.

Reality entangled with laser hair removal which no one wants to accept:

  • Small temporary PIH or redness can happen
  • Recovery period varies for individual
  • Fine hair or grey hair cannot be cleared
  • 100% clearance is not possible in certain conditions

Many people sign up for parlour packages to get laser treatment done over skin clinics due to affordability without knowing the consequences.

Going under untrained hands leads to a number of complications like:

  • Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Atrophic scar
  • Various eye issues after eyebrow hair removal
  • Acne
  • Burns & blisters

Why do these complications happen?

  • Not doing proper test treatments prior to conducting laser hair removal sessions.
  • Selection of the wrong laser without examining skin type.
  • Unprofessional handling of the laser system with no/little understanding of lasers or interaction of lasers with skin.
  • When not used properly, the safest laser beams can harm the skin layer, even causing serious injuries.
  • Poor selection of the area to be treated and choosing the wrong parameters.
  • Attempts to remove fine hairs or grey hairs with laser treatment which is not possible.
  • Fluence or intensity used which is too high, too many passes, inadequate post-treatment cooling, poor overlap technique and inadequate pulse sequencing resulting in thermal damage to the upper layer of the skin.
  • Taking frequent sessions without maintaining adequate time gap which is required for skin healing.

All these above complications happen due to lack of proper training which can be avoided easily with awareness. Dermatologists in the professional skin clinics are the one who has the proper training for laser handling and knows how to handle each laser with different skin type.

This is why expertise is needed! Go for Laser Hair Removal at Dr Paul’s Skin Laser Center

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