Vitiligo Awareness Month: The World Belongs to Them Too!

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Creating a world of harmony for people with Vitiligo needs a lot of effort & understanding from us. This non-contagious skin condition associates a lot of taboo, stigma and myths which many of us believe without having an understanding of the condition. In Indian society, skin colour is no doubt a big factor for social acceptance and in such a place, people with uneven skin tone often find themselves left out. This often leads to low self-esteem, lack of confidence and even depression in some cases for Vitiligo patients. Life is a gift and how we perceive it, shapes our world. The uneven patches often carry a love-hate relationship with the society and so with the patient’s life.

The world celebrates “VITILIGO AWARENESS MONTH” in June. The awareness this society needs is to understand this condition & accept Vitiligo patients. Almost 1-2% of the world’s total population is affected by this condition. Our skin gets its colour from a naturally occurring pigment – melanin which is produced by melanocytes. Vitiligo or white patches occur when these melanocytes start dying due to unknown reasons. Vitiligo is often called a disease instead of a disorder and that can have a significantly negative social and/or psychological impact on patients, in part because of numerous misconceptions that are present in large parts of the world. People of any skin type can get affected by this condition, but the patches are more noticeable on dark-skinned people. The condition is not life threatening and can be managed with modern treatments and therapies. The first signs of Vitiligo usually appear before 30s. Unfortunately, Vitiligo has no cure but there are a lot of treatment that patients can go for.

Here are some tips given by Dr. Munish Paul to help Vitiligo patients.

  1. Sun exposure: Excessive exposure to the harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays can damage the skin, especially for a Vitiligo patient. Vitiligo skin is more vulnerable to get burned easily. Hence, Vitiligo patients are always recommended to avoid sunlight or use sunscreen while going out. Water-resistant sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or over are recommended which need to be reapplied every 2-3 hours. Protective clothing like sunglasses, covered clothing and hats are also recommended to avoid sun-exposure.
  2. People with Vitiligo always need to be extra careful with their skin. Skin trauma such as scrapes, cuts or burns may develop new patches and helps to widespread the condition. However, you may not stop accidents but do your best to avoid any kind of skin injury.
  3. Tattooing the patches is never a solution. Because tattoos are done by wounding the skin and causes trauma for the skin which may result in development of new patches within a few weeks.
  4. Like any health condition, Vitiligo can be best handled by leading a healthy lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle helps support the immune system. Eat a balanced, nutritional diet and work to reduce stress level. Stress leads to the occurrence of new Vitiligo patches and hence it is best to avoid it. Try meditation, yoga, etc., to minimise stress levels because mental health is an important factor for Vitiligo patients.
  5. Camouflage is the best way to cover the Vitiligo patches and always recommended for children too. Camouflage treatment helps to cover the Vitiligo patches with some concealing cream or makeup giving a unified skin tone. Such concealing creams stay on the skin for longer hours even days. Microskin is one such camouflage cream which stays on the skin for several days and also is water-resistant. This product is safe for children also.

Nowadays, with the advent of technology, Vitiligo has many treatment options like light therapy & surgical treatments. But it is always important to consult a certified dermatologist as soon as the first patch of Vitiligo appears. Early treatment Vitiligo helps to minimise the widespread.

Lastly, it is crucial for people with Vitiligo to not be undermined, discouraged or feel low and it is everyone’s responsibility to make an effort to understand the condition and create a discrimination-free world for them.

Dr. Paul’s Skin At Laser Centre, Vitiligo treatment is performed under the supervision of certified MD Dermatologists after an open discussion about the procedure, results, and possible effects of the treatment. Call today at 9803 029 029 to know more!

Vitiligo Treatment: Light Therapy & Surgery

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Vitiligo is a skin condition characterised by white milky uneven patches. These patches can be treated to even tone the skin. The choice of Vitiligo treatment depends on various factors such as patient’s age, percentage of widespread, the progression of the disease and how Vitiligo is affecting one’s life.

Light-based therapies are done to help restore the lost skin colour or to give a unified skin tone. Some people may also experience some side-effects and hence a skin specialist may recommend some self-tanning products before taking you through the treatment process.

Whatever the treatment process your skin specialist recommends, it will take a few weeks or even months to deliver the expected results. Also, be prepared to go for a combination of therapies where the doctor may prescribe more than one therapy to get the desired results through a best suitable treatment for your skin. Moreover, the doctor may prescribe some maintenance therapy to prevent relapse.

Light-based therapies

  • Phototherapy: Phototherapy performed with narrowband ultraviolet A (UVA) or ultraviolet B (UVB) has proven to stop or at least slow the disease progression. If used with corticosteroids inhibitors, the therapy works even more effectively. This therapy usually requires two-three sessions per week for two-three months to make a significant difference. Possible side effects of phototherapy include redness, itching or inflammation. However, these side effects usually go away within a few hours of the treatment.
  • Targeted Phototherapy: Also called as concentrated phototherapy, it is performed to delivers ultraviolet radiation on a targeted spot. This phototherapy is targeted on the skin lesion using special delivery mechanisms for treatment.
  • Depigmentation: This therapy is performed to remove the remaining pigment in Vitiligo affected person’s body. It is only recommended for patients with 50% or more widespread Vitiligo. To perform this therapy, the doctor will recommend applying depigmentation agent on the unaffected areas of the skin which will gradually lighten the skin tone to match with the Vitiligo affected areas. The therapy is usually given once or twice a week for a few months. It’s a permanent therapy and cannot be undone afterwards. This therapy does not cause any major side-effects. Minor side effects such as redness, itching, swelling or dryness may occur.

Surgical treatment for Vitiligo

Surgery is recommended when light therapy or other medications do not work to stabilise the condition. This treatment is also recommended for people with stable Vitiligo disease. Surgical techniques used to even out skin tone can be of different types.

  • Skin grafting: This procedure is performed by transferring very small segments of healthy, pigmented skin to the discoloured areas. This procedure is usually recommended for patients with small patches of Vitiligo.
  • Blister grafting: To perform this procedure, the doctor creates blister on the pigmented skin using suction and then transplants the blister tops on the discoloured patches.
  • Cellular suspension transplant: To perform this procedure, the doctor will take some tissue from the pigmented skin and will transfer them to a solution before transplanting them in the affected area. The results usually start showing up within four weeks from the procedure. These procedures may involve small risks of infection, scarring, spotty colour and failure to re-pigment the areas.

At Dr. Paul’s Skin Laser Centre, Vitiligo treatment is performed under the supervision of certified MD Dermatologists after an open discussion about the procedure, results, and possible effects of the treatment. Call today at 9803 029 029 to know more! 

Know Vitiligo: Symptoms & Treatment

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Vitiligo is a skin condition characterised by white patches on the skin. The patches can occur on any part of the body, even in the scalp and inner mouth. Our skin gets its colour from a naturally occurring pigment – melanin which is produced by melanocytes. Vitiligo or white patches occur when these melanocytes start dying due to unknown reasons. People of any skin type can get affected by this condition, but the patches are more noticeable on dark-skinned people. The first signs of Vitiligo usually appear before the 30s, but it can affect at any age.

Vitiligo is not a life-threatening condition, but it is stressful due to social stigma associated with it. Patients often struggle with low self esteem & confidence due to their uneven skin tone but treatment can help them gain their confidence back. Vitiligo treatment helps restore the skin colour of the affected area and unify the overall skin tone.

Symptoms

Signs & symptoms of Vitiligo include:

  • Loss of skin colour in patches. These patches usually first appear on the sun-exposed areas such as face, hands, shoulders & lips.
  • Loss of skin color in the lining tissues of inner mouth and nose.
  • Premature whitening or greying of the hair, eyelashes, eyebrows, beard and body hairs.

However, the signs of VVitiligo also depend on the type of Vitiligo one has such as:

  • Universal Vitiligo: Wwhen the loss of pigments occurs on nearly everywhere on the body.
  • Generalized Vitiligo: When patches occur in many parts of your body. It is the most common type of Vitiligo.
  • Segmental Vitiligo: When patches occur on only one side or part of the body. This type of Vitiligo usually occurs in children which progress for 1-2 years and then stops.
  • Localized (focal) Vitiligo: When patches occur on one or only a few areas of the body.
  • Acrofacial Vitiligo: When the patches appear only on face and hands, eyes, nose, ears and around body openings.

Predicting the progress of Vitiligo is difficult as sometimes the condition spreads widely or sometimes it stops spreading even without any treatment.

Treatment:

Cosmetic camouflage: This is performed with colouring creams to cover-up the white patches. Usually, a semi-liquid foundation-like application is applied to the skin to hide the depigmented white circles. When correctly applied as per doctor’s instructions, camouflage creams can stay up to 96 hours on the skin. Although the duration may decrease in the case of the face and other exposed areas.

Microskin is a new revolutionary camouflage technique that stays on skin for several days. It’s smudge-proof and waterproof which also allow the skin to breathe. It comes in over 100 shades and gives a natural skin tone,

Phototherapy: Light therapy or phototherapy given with narrowband ultraviolet A (UVA) or ultraviolet B (UVB) has shown to stop the growth of Vitiligo. This treatment is often given with corticosteroids or calcineurin inhibitors for effective results. The treatment is given two to three times a week for several months. Effective changes can be seen within 2-3 months of the therapy.

Excimer (Targeted Phototherapy): It is one of the most effective Vitiligo treatments where ultraviolet radiations are directly focused on the white spots. As the name suggests, this treatment only targets the white spots leaving the rest of the skin unexposed. Usually, this treatment is often recommended for localized Vitiligo patients.

Depigmentation: This treatment is recommended for patients with more than 50% widespread Vitiligo. It is applied to the unaffected skin area to reduce melanin percentage and make a unified skin tone. This is achieved by using strong medicated topical lotion or creams that reduce melanin percentage on the skin. It is a permanent treatment and the entire procedure may take up to 12 to 14 months.

Melanocyte Cell Transfer: under this treatment, the top layer of white spots are removed and replaced with healthy melanocytes(pigment cells) taken from other parts of the body. Within a few months of the transplantation, the melanocytes start working to produce melanin which results in the disappearance of the white spots.

Skin Grafting: under this procedure, a small section of healthy pigmented skin is transferred to replace the depigmented skin areas. This treatment is recommended for Vitiligo patients with limited Vitiligo spots. Due to the complexity involved in this procedure, doctors only recommend it when all other treatment fails to restore the lost skin colour.

At Dr. Paul’s Skin Laser Centre, Vitiligo treatment is performed under the supervision of certified MD Dermatologists after an open discussion about the procedure, results, and possible effects of the treatment. Call today at 9803 029 029 to know more! 

Hairloss & hair growth myths debunked!

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Many of us are unable to segregate myths and facts when it comes to hair loss. Well, the reason for this could be the myths being so deeply etched in our minds that we have come to believe them as real facts. This very reason has also made us oblivious to the real & true facts. To start with, we all have been hearing that hair loss is common & can happen to anyone regardless of age & sex. But do we really know if it is true or not? Here, in this article, we share expert opinions &scientifically proven facts by our dermatologists to bust the myths on hairloss.

  1. MYTH: Dandruff leads to hair loss.

TRUTH: It has been scientifically proven that dandruff and hair loss have no relation unless one vigorously scratches their scalp causing hair breakage. Dandruff may lead to dry & itchy scalp but not necessarily hairloss. Hairloss can only happen in cases where the dry & itchy scalp is not treated for an extended period of time.

  1. MYTH: Frequent haircuts enhances hair growth.

TRUTH: Hair is a non-viable tissue, and hair growth has no relation to haircutting frequency. Different haircuts or style may add to hair appearance but do not help in hair growth.

  1. MYTH: Scalp massage helps hair to grow faster.

TRUTH: Massaging the scalp has no direct effect on hair follicles, but prolonged massaging may cause frictional hair breakage.

  1. MYTH: Hair loss does not occur at a younger age

TRUTH: Hair loss can occur at any age for several reasons including hormonal changes. Ageing is never the only cause of hair loss.

  1. MYTH: Haircare products lead to hair loss.

TRUTH: Haircare products such as gel, conditioner, shampoo and hairspray do not cause hair loss. The culprits are the chemicals used in some hair dye manufacturing which cause baldness. Also, harsh heat treatments used in hair straightening or styling can cause hair loss.

  1. MYTH: Hair loss comes from one side of the family.

TRUTH: Hair loss and baldness are associated with approximately 200 genes. We receive genes from both sides of the family. So, the blame of baldness can go to both sides, not just one of maternal or paternal side.

  1. MYTH: Changing shampoos frequently increase hair fall

TRUTH: Our scalp never gets addicted to any shampoo, we can try out new shampoos but we must check the chemicals used in it.

  1. MYTH: Covering the head causes baldness.

TRUTH: Hair follicles get their oxygen from the blood and thus covering the head all the time does not cause baldness. Baldness or hair loss may occur due to friction caused by uncomfortable hats, covers or helmets.

  1. MYTH: Plucking out one strand of grey hair causes multiple grey hair

TRUTH: Melanin in the hair follicles decides hair colour. Absence of melanin turns a hair grey or white. But plucking one grey strand of hair does not multiply the number.

Apart from the above myths, we are also surrounded by various mythical home remedies to prevent hair loss. However, in reality they don’t work as expected. This always disheartens us and thus the best option is to always to see a dermatologist for expert opinion. Only accurate diagnosis of the cause and proper treatment can stop baldness.

Electrolysis: Get Rid of White Hair Which Can’t Be Treated by Lasers

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The stubborn little fairish hair in the face are the worst one to always get noticed at the wrong time. This happens with many people at many times and the question comes to their mind is “is there any way to get rid of them?”. While unwanted facial hair and body hair can be removed permanently by laser hair removal but it does not work in the same way for white hair.

Some key facts about white hair:

  • The whiteness of hair may grow with increasing age due to decreasing melanin production. Absence of sufficient melanin to colour the hair makes them grow more translucent.
  • Women tend to get the white hair around face, chin, ear & eyebrows especially after menopause.
  • They are hard to remove by laser hair removal treatment due to lack of pigmentation.

Why white hair can’t be treated by lasers? 

In laser hair removal the laser waves work due to the presence of melanin in the hair. The high concentrated light is absorbed by the melanin chromophore which leads to hair removal. But if there is no melanin to absorb the light than it damages the skin only.

How Electrolysis removes white hair?

  • Electric current passes through the hair shaft and destroys the hair follicles and prevents hair from growing again.
  • Electric waves are not dependent on hair pigments and remove the hair permanently irrespective of their colours.
  • Eliminates white hair permanently.
  • Very minimal side-effects.

This method has been used for many years now and has shown efficient results. When done under medical supervision, the electrolysis hair removal treatment works as a wonder for the white hair.

Patch Testing: The Answer To Making Sure You Don’t Get Any Allergic Reactions!

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‘Patch test’ is the only way to find out how your skin will react to certain products even if you had no allergic reaction with it in the past. It adds an extra layer of security to your skin treatment and it’s essential to have one. The most common sensitizers are hair dyes, sunscreens and topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

When do you need a patch test?

  • If you suspect or have contact allergy
  • Before skin treatment
  • Before trying new hair dye
  • Before trying new skin product

How you can do a patch test?

  1. Wear the patches either on your back or arms; take a few patches.
  2. During the patch test, make sure the patches must not get wet at all.
  3. The patches may expose to a number of substances that can cause contact dermatitis.
  4. It does not involve any needles and only potential allergens are applied on the patches.
  5. After 48 hrs you can remove the patches and the irritated skin at any patch site may indicates allergy.

What is Photo-patch tests?

An advanced patch tests done by dermatologist in the clinic when they suspect contact allergy in the skin to certain substance. This test is done with UV light after the patches are removed by exposing the skin to a small dose of long wave ultraviolet light (UVA). The dose of UVA used is way smaller than UVA required to cause sunburn.

Minimal erythemal dose (MED) testing: a small area of the back skin is exposed to a series of incremental doses of UV radiation. Some groups describe performing MED’s for UVB alone, UVA alone, both UVA and UVB.

Go Hair-free but Carefully | Avoid Laser Hair Removal Complications

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Laser hair removal has definitely made life much easier with its permanent solution to get rid of unwanted body hair. But is that all you need to know? Definitely not! Laser hair removal involves a lot of consequences if not done in a proper manner under the guidance & supervision of a medical expert.

Let’s start with the areas where hair growth is just not welcome, like upper lips, eyebrows, cheeks, ear tops, axillae, bikini lines etcetera. Many women even choose to go for full body hair removal. Well, choosing laser hair removal is not wrong but one needs to know the right place to get it done.

Reality entangled with laser hair removal which no one wants to accept:

  • Small temporary PIH or redness can happen
  • Recovery period varies for individual
  • Fine hair or grey hair cannot be cleared
  • 100% clearance is not possible in certain conditions

Many people sign up for parlour packages to get laser treatment done over skin clinics due to affordability without knowing the consequences.

Going under untrained hands leads to a number of complications like:

  • Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Atrophic scar
  • Various eye issues after eyebrow hair removal
  • Acne
  • Burns & blisters

Why do these complications happen?

  • Not doing proper test treatments prior to conducting laser hair removal sessions.
  • Selection of the wrong laser without examining skin type.
  • Unprofessional handling of the laser system with no/little understanding of lasers or interaction of lasers with skin.
  • When not used properly, the safest laser beams can harm the skin layer, even causing serious injuries.
  • Poor selection of the area to be treated and choosing the wrong parameters.
  • Attempts to remove fine hairs or grey hairs with laser treatment which is not possible.
  • Fluence or intensity used which is too high, too many passes, inadequate post-treatment cooling, poor overlap technique and inadequate pulse sequencing resulting in thermal damage to the upper layer of the skin.
  • Taking frequent sessions without maintaining adequate time gap which is required for skin healing.

All these above complications happen due to lack of proper training which can be avoided easily with awareness. Dermatologists in the professional skin clinics are the one who has the proper training for laser handling and knows how to handle each laser with different skin type.

This is why expertise is needed! Go for Laser Hair Removal at Dr Paul’s Skin Laser Center

Simple Steps to Avoid Hair Dye Allergy

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Hair dye allergy can happen to anyone at any age, most likely due to someone being allergic to one of the chemicals used in the hair dye. Commonly para-phenylenediamine (PPD) is the one to cause a serious allergic reaction. Commonly found in permanent and semi-permanent hair dyes, this chemical is mostly used to give darker colour. Although very few people are likely to show allergic reactions to this chemical.

Some facts on hair dye allergy:

  • The most common symptom is contact dermatitis.
  • Notice the first signs of allergy.
  • Gentle moisturizers may help relieve the discomfort.

How do you know if you are allergic to a certain dye?

  • Inflammation & redness after hair-dye application
  • The area where dye is applied become irritant
  • Itchiness in eyes or eyelids
  • Rashes or itchy patches on the body
  • difficulty swallowing, wheezing and sneezing.

Hair dye-initiated allergy or medically pronounced “contact dermatitis” has type 4 hypersensitivity that may take hours or more to prevail.

How can I save myself?

Yes, you can, if you take some preventive measures.

General steps:

  • follow packet instructions thoroughly & precisely.
  • Do not leave hair dye longer than recommended.
  • Wash scalp thoroughly after application.

Go for Doctor Guided Patch Test:

Patch tests are done by dermatologists to check for allergic reactions.

  • A few patches will be put into your back or arms.
  • The patches will be exposed to a number of allergens.
  • The patches will be removed after 48 hrs.
  • Any patch with skin irritation indicates allergy.

During the patch test, make sure the patches must not get wet at all. Taking patch test in the clinic under the guidance of dermatologist helps to find about all the possible allergen you are intolerant of or allergic to. Having the list of possible allergens can help you to choose a hair dye that does not have them in ingredients.

Vitiligo Laser Treatment: Why One Should Go for It

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Vitiligo, an autoimmune condition specifically marked by the white patches that appears on the skin. The reason behind this condition is still unknown but vitiligo treatment clinic describes that autoimmune cells suddenly starts killing the healthy pigment cells which results into vitiligo patches. Though vitiligo laser treatment has come as a bliss for many, yet the white patches makes life harder for the patients. It can happen with both children and adults and even can be congenital problem too. skin gets the color from melanin cells and losing them means skin loses color. More pigment cells mean darker skin tone and less pigment cells means lighter skin tone while no pigment in certain areas means uneven skin tone. Losing pigment at certain spots in an uneven manner means vitiligo spots arises. The vitiligo treatment clinic offers best technology such as vitiligo laser treatment which helps to treat the spots.

Around 2% of the world population is estimated to fighting with vitiligo and found in both adults and children. Even, gender is not an aspect to get this condition and one can get the starting sign at any age. Although, it tends to appear between 20-30 years age but not stays limited to that. People over these ages can also get this condition. People with family history of vitiligo are more likely to get these patches. Even it has been seen that people with vitiligo often have some other autoimmune diseases too such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or type 1 diabetes. This is why, before giving vitiligo treatment in Delhi specialists check for symptoms related to these conditions.

Types of vitiligo:

Segmental Vitiligo – only 10% of the cases are found to be of this sort of vitiligo where patches appear only in certain areas of the body.

No segmental Vitiligo – most vitiligo patients get this type of vitiligo where patches appear all over the body even in the genital areas.

Vitiligo patches often appears on the sun exposed areas of the body such as face, neck and hands. The patches are always pale white and can be small or big. Vitiligo can be treated to slow the widespread and some treatment helps to get the melanin back into skin. However, there is no complete cure exists for vitiligo, but the discoloured skin can be restored back to normal color. Vitiligo laser treatment is one such treatment offered by vitiligo treatment clinic that helps restores the discoloured skin. In vitiligo laser treatment, UV or PUVA or low bandwidth UVB lasers are used to eliminate the patches.

Vitiligo Laser Treatment

At various vitiligo treatment clinic, they offer best treatment to manage the spots and affected patchy and discoloured skin. Vitiligo laser treatment can be used in two ways. In case of smaller patches, or if the patient has few patches over the body only then the laser rays are thrown on that specific area where the skin need to go under regimentation process. But in most of the cases, the patches are widespread, and, in that case, the patient are made to enter in a light chamber and the whole body gets throw the laser beam. Light chamber vitiligo laser treatment process involves laser imposition on the whole body to give a re-pigmentation treatment.

De-pigmentation, in certain vitiligo treatment clinic in Delhi, offer treatment under supervision of best doctors who are best skilled at treating the vitiligo spots. The treatment involves fading the surrounding skin on the body, or face, to match with the white patches or white spots. Depigmentation therapy is the best treatment option for white spots disease if vitiligo or white spots disease on more than 50 percent of a patient’s body.

In this procedure, the monobenzone drug is applied twice a day to the pigmentation areas of the skin, including face, hands and feet, until they match the areas without pigmentation. Some patients, who are resistant to depigmentation with clinic drug monobenzone will need Q Switch NDYAG Laser, available in approved clinics, skin centers or hospitals, to destroy the cells with pigmentation caused by vitiligo giving patients the best possible results by doctors in Delhi.

Sometimes vitiligo treatment clinic prescribe treatment which is a combination of an ointment with the vitiligo laser treatment. For few cases, such treatment is required which is decided by the surgeons. Patients may need several sessions for the laser therapy and may require to be reaped twice in a week to receive the best results.

Cost of Vitiligo Laser Treatment

Many people give a wonder eyes when they hear about vitiligo laser treatment. People think that it is a costly treatment but nowadays many vitiligo treatment clinics offer an affordable treatment. They design a treatment package for vitiligo laser treatment that are quite affordable for the common man, they understand that people might need to go for several sessions and thus tailoring the prices will help them retain maximum number of patients.

White Patches of Vitiligo: Cause, Symptoms & Treatment

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Vitiligo is an autoimmune condition which causes white patches on the skin. In this condition, the melanocyte cells start dying for unknown reasons and melanocytes are the cells responsible for giving colour to our skin. the immune cells of our body start to kill the melanocytes cells and triggers white patches of vitiligo. It is a sheer truth that immune cells play a vital role in our skin health. White spots on skin treatment may help to reduce the widespread but cannot cure the condition completely.

White patches of vitiligo types:

  • Non-segmental vitiligo: The most common type where patients get white patches on both sides of the body.Segmental vitiligo: In this, the patients experience white patches of vitiligo mainly in one area or segment of the body. Such type vitiligo cases are very rare and only 10% of the patient experience it.

The confusing thing with this condition is it is hard to predict how long and to what extent the white patches of vitiligo will be spread. Vitiligo can start at any age but typically it shows first signs by the age of 30s as said by many white patches on skin treatment hospitals. The reasons why immune cells start attacking the melanocytes is still unknown but genetical & environmental triggers are there. It has been seen that people with a family history of vitiligo are more likely to get this condition.

Triggers of Vitiligo:

However, there are a number of factors that put people at an increased risk of developing white patches of vitiligo:

  • Genetics: As per many white patches on skin treatment hospitals, certain genetic profiles trigger the white patches of vitiligo to appear. Researchers have identified around 30 genes that are responsible for vitiligo and the most important ones are NLRP1 and PTPN22. Around 20% of vitiligo patients are the one with the family history of this condition.
  • Environmental triggers: There are environmental triggers that escalate white patches of vitiligo. Environmental triggers induce melanocytes destruction which causes the white spots to appear. Some of the potential triggers include sunlight, chemical exposure, and trauma etc. These triggers even speed up the widespread in patients being diagnosed with white patches of vitiligo.

Autoimmune diseases: People with certain autoimmune diseases such as Hashimoto’s disease or alopecia areata are more prone to experience white patches of vitiligo. Among every 4 vitiligo patients, 1 always has some other autoimmune disease.

Signs and symptoms of Vitiligo

The biggest sign of vitiligo is the appearance of white patches on the skin. The white patches of vitiligo can show up anywhere in the body but usually first appear in the sun-exposed areas such as the face, hands, neck, feet etc. The spots can even appear in armpits, genitals and groin area.

Symptoms of vitiligo also include:

  • Premature greying of hairs
  • Eyelashes or eyebrows turning white
  • The retina of the eye changes colour
  • white patches in the inner mouth

Depending on the area where the white spots of vitiligo appear, specialists diagnose the widespread of the condition. Progress of this condition and widespread area of the marks varies from person to person. People who get white patches of vitiligo on both sides of the bodies are categorized as generalized vitiligo. Most people tend to get the white patches of vitiligo in only one side of the body.

Vitiligo makes skin more sensitive to sunlight. The white patches of vitiligo are the area with no melanin which stores the dangerous UV rays that cause various other skin conditions. People with vitiligo also may experience hearing issues or inflammation in the iris.

Moreover, rather than physical stress, white patches of vitiligo causes more mental stress. The way society looks and behaves with vitiligo patients, it often leads them to depression. If the white patches of vitiligo cannot be covered under the clothes, then it becomes a real struggle for the patients. They struggle with self-confidence & esteem and prefers to stay isolated from the society.

Vitiligo Diagnosis and Treatment

Not all white patches are vitiligo, they can happen due to other conditions as well. So, it is always good to see a dermatologist for proper diagnosis & treatment. To carry a proper diagnosis, the dermatologist may ask a few questions such as:

  • If you have ever been diagnosed with an autoimmune disease
  • If you have a family history of vitiligo
  • If you have experienced any skin condition recently.

All of these factors indicate the presence of vitiligo. Most of the time, the dermatologist identifies vitiligo by white patches on the skin and referring the given answers for the above questions. They also might use UV rays to identify the pigment loss.

Unfortunately, there is no cure available for white spots of vitiligo but there are several white spots on skin treatment exists which helps to lighten the spots. The treatment options include:

  • Cosmetic makeup and self-tanners to cover up the spots
  • Corticosteroid creams and tacrolimus ointments
  • Laser therapy
  • Pigmentation therapy
  • Skin grafting, blister grafting

These white spots on skin treatment may show few side-effects such as scar or dryness or itchiness but also promises good results.

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